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Author: Richard Potz
Series Editor: Jørgen S. Nielsen
This volume of Annotated Legal Documents on Islam in Europe covers Austria and consists of an annotated collection of legal documents affecting the status of Islam and Muslims. The legal texts are published in the original German language while the annotations and supporting material are in English. By legal documents are meant the texts of legislation, including relevant secondary legislation, as well as significant court decisions. Each legal text is preceded by an introduction describing the historical, political and legal circumstances of its adoption, plus a short paragraph summarising its content. The focus of the collection is on the religious dimensions of being Muslim in Europe, i.e. on individuals' access to practise their religious obligations and on the ability to organise and manifest their religious life.
This volume of Annotated Legal Documents on Islam in Europe covers Portugal and consists of an annotated collection of legal documents affecting the status of Islam and Muslims. The legal texts are published in the original Portuguese language while the annotations and supporting material are in English. By legal documents are meant the texts of legislation, including relevant secondary legislation, as well as significant court decisions. Each legal text is preceded by an introduction describing the historical, political and legal circumstances of its adoption, plus a short paragraph summarising its content. The focus of the collection is on the religious dimensions of being Muslim in Europe, i.e. on individuals' access to practise their religious obligations and on the ability to organise and manifest their religious life.
When can a state give political support to a military intervention in another state? The Government of the Netherlands commissioned an Expert Group to examine this complex, topical and time-sensitive question and to consider whether it should press for international acceptance of humanitarian intervention as a new legal basis for the use of force between states in exceptional circumstances. This volume is the result of those efforts. The Expert Group was led by Professor Cyrille Fijjnaut and consisted of Mr. Kristian Fischer, Professor Terry Gill, Professor Larissa van den Herik, Professor Martti Koskenniemi, Professor Claus Kreß, Mr. Robert Serry, Ms. Monika Sie Dhian Ho, Ms. Elizabeth Wilmshurst and Professor Rob de Wijk. Their thorough analysis and recommendations offer important insights that can aid governments in formulating a position on political support for the use of force between states and humanitarian intervention. The volume also constitutes a useful tool for scholars and practitioners in considering these difficult and important issues.
Editor: ITLOS
The ITLOS Yearbook 2019 provides information on the composition, jurisdiction, procedure and organization of the Tribunal and reports on its judicial activities in 2019, in particular concerning Cases No. 25, 26 and 27. The Yearbook is prepared by the Registry of the Tribunal.

Le TIDM Annuaire 2019 fournit des informations essentielles concernant la composition, la compétence, la procédure et l’organisation du Tribunal. Il donne également un aperçu des activités judiciaires du Tribunal au cours de l’année 2019, en particulier en ce qui concerne les affaires no. 25, 26 et 27. L’ Annuaire est rédigé par le Greffe du Tribunal.
This book takes a critical lens to humanity’s collective regulatory response to the existential threat of climate change. It explores those aspects of the international climate change regime that, albeit born of political dysfunction, demonstrate ingenuity, innovation and experimentation. This includes aspects relating to the legal form of instruments in the regime, the legal character of its provisions, as well as norm hybridity and mutation, and the nature, extent and evolution of differential treatment in the regime. This book argues that innovations and experiments in the international climate change regime have resulted in a highly sophisticated and nuanced legal regime – one that challenges the conceptual boundaries of international law, enriches the core of treaty law and practice and is likely to have an enduring impact on international law, legal practice and diplomatic intercourse.
Le tiers impartial et indépendant a pris une telle importance dans la création normative juridique qu’il a paru nécessaire de se pencher sur ce personnage qui cristallise un grand nombre de critiques, probablement à la mesure du pouvoir accru qui lui est conféré. C’est à cette tâche que le présent volume est consacré. L’auteur emmène le lecteur à travers le dédale de la maison justice : contexte théorique et philosophique, aspects historiques, architecture, iconographie, méthodes décisionnelles, modes alternatifs, les dialogues divers mis en place entre les tiers et avec les experts. L’objectif de l’auteur est de susciter l’esprit critique du lecteur en lui permettant de se poser des questions qu’il n’a pas l’habitude d’énoncer.
Author: Jutta Brunnée
The interplay between procedure and substance has not been a major point of contention for international environmental lawyers. Arguably, the topic’s low profile is due to the mostly uncontroversial nature of the field’s distinction between procedural and substantive obligations. Furthermore, the vast majority of environmental law scholars and practitioners have tended to welcome the procedural features of multilateral environmental agreements and their potential to promote regime evolution and effectiveness. However, recent developments have served to put the spotlight on certain aspects of the procedure substance topic. ICJ judgments revealed ambiguity on aspects of the customary law framework on transboundary harm prevention that the field had thought largely settled. In turn, in the treaty context, the Paris Agreement’s retreat from binding emissions targets and its decisive turn towards procedure reignited concerns in some quarters over the “proceduralization” of international environmental law. The two developments invite a closer look at the respective roles of, and the relationship between, procedure and substance in this field and, more specifically, in the context of harm prevention under customary and treaty law.
Editor: Mathias Reimann
The article provides an introduction to, and overview of, the discipline of comparative law as it stands in 2020, including the major debates and positions that define it. It explores the field’s development, coverage in both geographic and subject matter terms, uses and goals, as well its approaches and methods. It addresses itself mainly to non-specialists who are looking for overall orientation or a brief introduction to specific areas or topics. It references the most important literature for readers who want to delve more deeply into particular subjects or issues.