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Prize Papers Online 3 contains approximately 4,000 interrogations of members of the crew of ships taken during the First, Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars (ca. 1652-1674) and the War of the Spanish Succession (ca. 1701-1733). It shows images of each interrogation (of two, three, sometimes even six or more pages). Answers to the fourteen most researched questions are transcribed and stored in a searchable database.

The Anglo-Dutch Wars (First: 1652-1654; Second: 1665-1667; Third: 1672-1674) were a series of wars fought between the English (later British) and the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries for control over the seas and trade routes. The Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780-1784) is part of PPO 1.

This collection is part of Prize Papers Online (PPO).

Anti-Calvin Online

The Catholic Response to Calvin's Writings in Sixteenth-Century France

• Number of titles: 94
• Languages used: French
• Title list available
• MARC records are available

During the sixteenth century Protestant authors had grasped the importance of winning over the souls and minds of the French people from the outset and the production of Genevan presses was therefore predominantly in French. If the Catholic Church wished to preserve its position in France, it was vital to respond to the gauntlet thrown down by the Calvinist leaders. It is this response, the writings of the French Catholic authors against Calvin and his teachings, that are presented here. This unique selection of writings includes both works attacking the precepts of Calvinism and those defending the Catholic doctrine against the criticism and condemnation of Calvinist authors.

Location of originals: Bibliothèque de Toulouse, Bibliothèque Mazarine, Paris; Bibliothèque Méjanes, Aix-en-Provence; Bibliothèque municipale de Bordeaux; Bibliothèque municipale de Lyon; Bibliothèque municipale de Nancy; Bibliothèque municipale de Nîmes; Bibliothèque municipale de Reims; Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris; Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève, Paris; Médiathèque Ceccano, Avignon; Médiathèque de la ville de Rodez; Médiathèque du Pontiff roy, Metz; Universiteitsbibliotheek Katholieke Universiteit Leuven; Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, München; Bibliothèque de Genève, Genève; Institut d’histoire de la Réormation, Genèe; British Library, London; Palace Green Library, Durham University

Dutch Pamphlets Online

The Knuttel Collection: 1486-1853 and Van Alphen Collection: 1542-1853

Edited by Various Editors

The Knuttel Collection: 1486-1853
• Number of titles: 33,487
• Languages used: primarily Dutch but also French, German, Latin and English
Location of originals: the National Library of the Netherlands

The Knuttel Collection at the National Library of the Netherlands, is the most extensive pamphlet collection in the Netherlands. The thousands of pamphlets presented here constitute an essential source for understanding these tumultuous periods of history. They range from political apologies and manifestoes to tracts for and against predestination in theology.
The Van Alphen Collection: 1542-1853
• Number of titles: 2,779
• Languages used: primarily Dutch but also French, German, Latin and English
Location of originals: University Library, Groningen

The Van Alphen Collection (University Library, Groningen) supplements the Knuttel Collection. The core of the collection is formed by four large acquisitions: 27 vols., collected by the Counter Reformist preacher Willem Crijnsz, were acquired in 1751. Another 59 vols. contain 1253 pamphlets from the period 1617-1760. 95 Vols. contain political tracts concerning the differences between England and the Dutch Republic and the troubles in the Republic. 43 Vols. contain pamphlets from the 17th and early 18th century.

Girolamo Savonarola Online

The Incunable Collection of the Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart

• Number of titles: 212 • Languages used: Italian and Latin • Title list available • MARC records are available • Location of originals: Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Stuttgart Girolamo Savonarola (1452-1498) was among the first authors of the late 15th century to acknowledge the importance of printing as a means of propagating his ideas. Many regard him as one of Luther’s predecessors. The rise of Florentine book illustrations is also closely linked with the dissemination of Savonarola’s writings, since most contemporary editions feature at least one woodcut. This edition contains the complete incunabular section of the Stuttgart collection, offering over 200 incunables of interest to theologians, historians, art historians, and book historians.
• Number of titles: 189
• Languages used: Latin, French, German, English and Dutch
• Title list available
• MARC records are available
Location of originals: Zentralbibliothek Zürich, Zurich; Institut für Schweizerische Reformationsgeschichte, Zurich; Bibliothèque Publique et Universitaire de Genève, Geneva; Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich; Sion College Library, London; Universiteitsbibliotheek Universiteit van Amsterdam; Amsterdam; Universiteitsbibliotheek Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam; Universiteitsbibliotheek Utrecht, Utrecht

This collection contains a selection of the original works in Latin and German by the Protestant Reformer Heinrich Bullinger. In some cases translations of Bullinger’s works into Latin, French, German, English and Dutch have also been included because of their importance. This selection is of particular value for Reformation research in that Bullinger has always been overshadowed by Calvin and Zwingli.

Philipp Melanchthon Online

Theologian and Humanist

• Number of titles: 31
• Languages used: German and Latin
• Title list available
• MARC records are available
Location of originals: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, München; Herzog August Bibliotek, Wolfenbüttel; Melanchthonhaus, Bretten; Amsterdam University Library, Amsterdam

This collection focuses on three types of literature in the Melanchthon corpus. First, it especially includes works not contained in more recent collections of Melanchthon’s works (i.e., the Corpus Reformatorum, Supplementa Melanchthoniana, and Melanchthon Studien Ausgabe). Second, it preserves important earlier printings of works, which have been hitherto unavailable in modern sources, especially where these differ radically from later editions. Third, it contains a copy of the four volume Opera omnia, both to indicate the materials available immediately after Melanchthon’s death and to give readers access to the only index of his more well-known theological works.
The Prize Papers archive, part of the archives of the High Court of Admiralty kept in The National Archives (TNA) Kew, is commonly regarded as one of the most valuable archives in the field of maritime history.

In the course of its many naval engagements the British Royal Navy seized numerous enemy ships. Documents pertaining to tens of thousands of these seized ships (“prizes”), Dutch and French, Spanish and Portuguese, but also Danish, Swedish, German, Italian and American have been preserved. Every ship's file contains at least one document in English: transcriptions of the interrogations by the Prize Courts of the captain and other crew members aboard ships taken as lawful prizes.

This huge collection is of interest not only to maritime historians, but also to social, economic, political and cultural historians too. The English authorities enquired about the origin, the route and planned destination, tonnage, freight and crew members, about citizenship, national allegiance, and the personal migration history of the interrogated crew members. The answers were interpreted into English, and written down by professional secretaries. This results in a wealth of information, standardized in its presentation, always in English. As the Prize Papers are international in nature, they enable comparisons between different maritime nations.

Brill has digitized the interrogations, and made them available online to researchers all over the world. Prize Papers Online provide images of each interrogation , while the answers to the fourteen most researched questions have been transcribed and stored in a searchable database. Names of places have been standardized according to authorized LoC conventions. Because of the large scope, the product is divided into three collections, each matching a (set of) war(s) in which England was involved from the second half of the seventeenth until the end of the eighteenth century, and offered separately or as a complete set to academic institutions worldwide through Brill’s online platform for research collections.

Prize Papers Online consists of:
Prize Papers Online 1: American Revolutionary War and Fourth Anglo-Dutch War.
Prize Papers Online 2: Seven Years' War and War of the Austrian Succession .
Prize Papers Online 3: First, Second and Third Anglo-Dutch War and War of the Spanish Succession .
Prize Papers Online Atlas (Open Access) .
Prize Papers Online 1 contains approximately 7,000 interrogations of members of the crew of ships taken during the American Revolutionary War and Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (ca. 1775-1784). It shows images of each interrogation (of two, three, sometimes even six or more pages). Answers to the fourteen most researched questions are transcribed and stored in a searchable database.

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Thirteen Colonies, but gradually grew into a war between Britain on one side and the newly formed United States, France, and its allies the Dutch Republic, and Spain, on the other. The Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780–1784) was a conflict between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Dutch Republic. The war, tangentially related to the American Revolutionary War, broke out over British and Dutch disagreements on the legality and conduct of Dutch trade with Britain's enemies in that war.

This collection is part of Prize Papers Online (PPO).
Prize Papers Online 2 contains approximately 6,000 interrogations of members of the crew of ships taken during the War of the Austrian Succession and Seven Years’ War (ca. 1739-1763). It shows images of each interrogation (of two, three, sometimes even six or more pages). Answers to the fourteen most researched questions are transcribed and stored in a searchable database.

The War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) involved most of the powers of Europe over the question of Maria Theresa's succession to the realms of the House of Habsburg. The Seven Years' War took place between 1754 and 1763 with the main conflict being in the seven-year period 1756–1763. It involved most of the great powers of the time and was driven by the antagonism resulting from overlapping interests in colonial and trade empires, and from territorial and hegemonial conflicts in the Holy Roman Empire.

This collection is part of Prize Papers Online (PPO).

Prize Papers Online: Atlas

Researching the Maritime Sector in Early Modern Europe and North America

Aimed at researchers and students, the Prize Papers Online: Atlas is dedicated to show the richness of the Prize Papers, considered to be one of the world’s most important maritime archives.

The British fought many naval wars, and during these wars they seized enemy ships. Documents pertaining to tens of thousands of these seized ships (“prizes”) have been preserved. Every ship's file contains at least one document in English: the interrogations by the Prize Courts of the captain and a number of other crew members of ships taken as lawful prizes.

Prize Papers Online: Atlas offers the possibility to investigate a sample of the Prize Papers’ interrogations. Providing a wide variety of information about ships and their crews, the interrogations constitute a crucial section of the Prize Paper Archive, which gives an unprecedented insight in the workings of the maritime sector during the Age of Sail.

The map tool allows you to search the data and create your own maps. The Prize Papers Online: Atlas also provides an insight in potential research possibilities. It gives some interesting background stories to individuals that can be found in the interrogations and shows examples of existing research based on the Prize Papers. A selection of high-quality scans of the original interrogations are also shown.

The website is based on two databases: Prize Papers Online (Brill) and the database created by the ESRC-funded project led by Jelle van Lottum.

The data available on Prize Papers Online: Atlas covers the period between 1775 and 1783.