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Aufgrund der kirchlichen und gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen in den letzten Jahren stehen das Kirchen- und das Religionsrecht vor großen Herausforderungen und Modifikationen. Die Herausgeber haben daher ein neues Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht erarbeitet, dessen Ziel es ist, den Nutzern fundierte Orientierung und Informationen auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung zum geschichtlich gewachsenen, geltenden eigenen Recht der Kirchen und Religionsgemeinschaften und zu deren rechtlichen Verhältnissen zum Staat zu liefern.

Das Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht (LKRR) erscheint in vier Bänden, print und online in deutscher Sprache, und bietet in über 2,600 Lemmata bzw. Stichworte zuverlässige und prägnante Informationen zu den grundlegenden Fragen des internen Rechts von Kirchen und Religionsgemeinschaften und des Religionsrechts.

Neben Fragen des staatlichen Rechts und des Kirchenrechts der katholischen und der evangelischen Kirche werden auch zentrale Inhalte des Kirchenrechts der orthodoxen Kirchen sowie des Rechts des Judentums und des Islams behandelt. Das Lexikon ist einer interreligiösen und ökumenischen Perspektive verpflichtet und eröffnet dem Anwender die Möglichkeit, die verschiedenen Rechtsbereiche zu vergleichen. Die Mitarbeit von namhaften Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern des staatlichen Rechts, des Religionsrechts sowie des katholischen, evangelischen, orthodoxen, jüdischen und islamischen Rechts garantiert fundierte und kompetente Informationen. Das Lexikon ist sowohl für Theologen als auch für Juristen im Studium, in der Wissenschaft, in der staatlichen und kirchlichen Verwaltung sowie in der Seelsorge und beruflichen Praxis eine verlässliche und unerlässliche Informationsquelle.

Due to the ecclesiastical and social changes in recent years, church and religious law face major challenges and modifications. The editors have therefore developed a new encyclopedia for church and religious law. It is supposed to provide users with well-founded orientation and information on the latest state of research on the historically evolved, valid own law of the churches and religious communities and their legal relations to the state.

The Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht (LKRR) is published in four volumes, print and online in German, and offers reliable and concise information in over 2,600 lemmas or keywords on the fundamental questions of the internal law of churches and religious communities and of religious law.

In addition to questions of state law and ecclesiastical law of the Catholic and Protestant Churches, central contents of the ecclesiastical law of the Orthodox Churches as well as the law of Judaism and Islam are dealt with. The encyclopedia is committed to an interreligious and ecumenical perspective and offers the user the opportunity to compare the different areas of law. The collaboration of reputable scholars of state law, religious law and Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Jewish and Islamic law guarantees well-founded and qualified information. The encyclopedia is a reliable and essential source of information for both theologians and lawyers in their academic studies, in science, in civil and ecclesiastical administration, as well as in pastoral counselling and professional practice.

This reference work is also available as a four volume print publication. The first volume (A-E) is available here.
The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament has proven to be a valuable resource for scholars and students. In this online edition the complete vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible, including texts in Aramaic, is available. The dictionary combines scholarly thoroughness with easy accessibility, and so meets the needs of a wide range of users.

The enormous advances that have taken place in the field of Semitic linguistics since the days of the older dictionaries of Classical Hebrew are well documented and assessed, as well as the often detailed discussions in modern Bible commentaries of words where the meaning is particularly difficult. The alphabetical ordering of entries rather than the traditional arrangement of words according to their roots is particularly helpful to the new student, and also saves the advanced user much time.
English text below

Sonderpreis
Kunden, die die gedruckte Version des LGB2 bezogen haben, zahlen 1.866 Euro statt 3.732.

Die Zielsetzung des «Lexikons des gesamten Buchwesens» ist es, das gesamte Wissen vom Buch, verstanden als die graphische Materialisierung geistiger Inhalte mit dem Ziel ihrer Erhaltung, Überlieferung und Verbreitung in der Gesellschaft, in wissenschaftlich zuverlässiger und exakter Weise in einer alphabetisch-lexikalischen Ordnung darzubieten.

Erfasst werden alle Personen, Institutionen, Fakten, Faktoren und Verfahren, die bei der Vermittlung geistiger Inhalte zwischen Autor und Leser durch das Medium Buch eine Rolle spielen. Der inhaltliche Rahmen des Lexikons umfasst die Bereiche der Produktion, Distribution und Rezeption des Buches. Berücksichtigt werden ebenfalls Teilbereiche jener Disziplinen, die insbesondere für die mit dem Buch beruflich Verbundenen, das heißt Bibliographen, Bibliothekare, Buchhändler und Verleger, aber auch für Bibliophile und Büchersammler von Bedeutung sein könnten. Hierzu gehören beispielsweise Elemente der Archivistik, Diplomatik, Kartographie, Literatur- und Sprachwissenschaft, des Zeitschriften und Pressewesens, sowie der Dokumentation und Information, der Datenverarbeitung und Medienkunde. Hierbei sind geographische Gesichtspunkte keine Selektionskriterien, jedoch liegen die Akzente auf dem europäischen, insbesondere dem deutschsprachigen Bereich.

Die einzelnen Artikel werden durch weiterführende Literaturangaben bereichert und durch Abbildungen, Tabellen und Karten ergänzt.

Die elektronische Fassung des Lexikons enthält rund 21.000 Eintragungen, verfasst von ca. 400 Autoren. Sie basiert auf der zweiten, völlig neu bearbeiteten Auflage des LGB (9 Bde; Stuttgart: Anton Hiersemann, 1987-2016).


English text

Special discount
Customers who have bought the print edition of LGB2 from Hiersemann Verlag pay 1.866 euro instead of 3.732 euro.

The aim of the Lexikons des gesamten Buchwesens (“Dictionary of the Book”) is to render the complete knowledge about the book in an academically reliable and exact manner, in alphabetical order. The book is understood as the graphical presentation of intellectual content with the aim of the preservation, transmission and dissemination of this content in society. All persons, institutions, facts, factors and procedures that play a role in the mediation of intellectual content between the author and the reader through the medium of the book are recorded. The dictionary covers everything from the production and distribution to the reception of the book. It also takes into account certain areas that are of particular importance to those working with books professionally, such as bibliographers, librarians, booksellers and publishers, but also for book collectors and bibliophiles. These include, for example, elements of archival studies, diplomacy, cartography, literature and linguistics, the press, epistemology, data processing and media studies. Geographical limitations do not play a role, yet the emphasis is on European, especially the German-speaking countries.

Each individual entry includes ends with a list of further reading and often includes illustrations, tables or maps.

The electronic edition contains about 21,000 entries, written by ca. 400 authors. It is based on the second, completely revised edition of the LGB (9 vols., Stuttgart: Anton Hiersemann, 1987-2016).
Jesuit Historiography Online (JHO) is an Open Access resource offering over seventy historiographical essays written by experts. Aimed at scholars of Jesuit history as well as the many disciplines with which it intersects, each essay in JHO provides a summary of key texts from the earlier literature, a painstaking survey of more recent work, and a digest of archival and online resources. Crucially, each essay covers both Anglophone and non-Anglophone works and devotes attention to scholarship from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas, making this survey truly global in scope. The essays represent much more than a bibliographical check-list; authors explore trends in Jesuit historiography and provide a nuanced, systematic, and in-depth analysis of what has been written—when, why, and by whom—about arguably the most significant religious order within the Roman Catholic tradition.

JHO is available in Open Access thanks to generous support of the Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies at Boston College.
Fifth Edition
The popularity of his monumental and definitive works established Shabtai Rosenne as the undisputed expert on the International Court of Justice’s law and practice of his time. Irrefutably the leading work on the court, previous editions of Rosenne’s Law and Practice of the International Court have influenced generations of legal scholars, practitioners, judges, and students alike. The Fifth Edition, by Malcolm N. Shaw, combines his expertise as both an academic and practitioner to bring this monumental resource up-to-date while retaining Rosenne’s distinctive voice, erudition, and rigorous objectives.

Preserving Rosenne’s focus on the caselaw of the Court, the Fifth Edition is supplemented with increased references to the leading academic literature. This online edition provides advanced and personalized search options through its contents:

• The Court as one of the principal organs, in particular the principal judicial organ, of the United Nations. Diplomats and legal advisers who deal with matters relating to the Court on a political level and through different organs and offices of the United Nations will appreciate the full discussion of the diplomatic, political, and administrative aspects of the Court’s affairs.
• Jurisdiction and the treatment of jurisdictional matters by the Court. This also includes the Court’s advisory jurisdiction, and how that work relates to complex legal issues in matters of major political import.
• The Court’s procedure.
• English texts of the Charter of the United Nations, the Statute of the Court, the Practice Directions, the Rules of the Court, and a full set of indexes.

The Fifth Edition (updated through 2015) of Rosenne’s Law and Practice of the International Court is an essential component of all international law libraries and an indispensable work for those practicing in the field, who will all appreciate access to the most recent work on the Court.

Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court: 1920-2015, Fifth Edition is also available in print..
Arabic Literature of Africa Online (ALA) is a bio-bibliography on the Arabic manuscript tradition in the African continent, which continued well into the 20th century CE. It offers authoritative information about African authors, the texts they wrote in Arabic, the manuscripts in which these texts are found, and the locations of these manuscripts, together with bibliographical references to the literature. Arabic Literature of Africa Online complements Brockelmann’s Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur (GAL) and is an indispensable reference work for students of Islamic cultures in Africa and of Islamic manuscripts in general.
The Dead Sea Scrolls represents perhaps the most significant historical manuscript discovery in recent history. Brill’s Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts offers a unique opportunity to study state of the art photographs of these ancient scripts, and understand their meaning using the translations of text and interpretations for missing fragments.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts provides users with a comprehensive tool for the study of the non-biblical texts from the Judean Desert (the “Dead Sea Scrolls”). It contains high resolution images of the Non-Biblical Dead Sea Scroll fragments and all the texts, in the original languages and in translation. It enables content searching using a sophisticated inventory, and examining finer details of the original texts through search options and zoom possibilities for the images. Never before has such comprehensive information been available in one place.

The complete collection consists of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts. Used side by side, these databases offer the user access to all the Dead Sea Scrolls texts.

This online product is based on The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library CD-ROM, published by Brill and Brigham Young University, 1999.
Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill. Karl Rahner, together with Adolph Darlap, began work on Sacramentum Mundi in 1961, just before the start of the Second Vatican Council. It was conceived from the start as an international project, and was eventually published simultaneously (or almost simultaneously) in six languages—German, French, Italian, Spanish, English and Dutch-- by Rahner and thirteen editors. The four volume German edition came out from 1967-1969; the six volumes in English, from 1968-1970. Three things make Sacramentum Mundi stand out from the profusion of theological dictionaries and encyclopedias published in the last century or two. First, it is this international quality, involving scholars from across Europe (and to a certain degree America), whereas the norm is for a dictionary or encyclopedia to have a certain insular quality—written in German by and for German language scholars, or in English by and for theologians of the English speaking world, and so on. Secondly, there is the fact that it was edited and shaped by Karl Rahner, one of the leading theologians of the 20th century. One does not find anything like it from Barth or Balthasar, Tillich or Bultmann—Rahner alone among the great minds of this great theological generation turned his attention to forming such a distinctively collaborative intellectual endeavor. Thirdly, it offers itself not just as a reference work, available for occasional consultation, but as a Summa--something from which one can gain, in other words, not only bits and pieces of theological information, but a vision of the discipline as a whole in its coherence.
Grammarians of antiquity taught and practiced philology, text criticism and rhetoric, essential skills in the education, career and public life of ancient Greeks and Romans. Brill’s Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity (LGGA) serves as the first point of reference for information on these ancient grammarians for scholars of Greek and Latin antiquity, in particular for research into the history of philology, grammar and ancient scholarship.
Sorted alphabetically by Latin name, each entry consists of 1) an introduction with biographical information on the respective grammarian, as well as a discussion of his work and preserved fragments; 2) the Greek text of these fragments; and finally 3) the relevant bibliography, including lists of editions (if any) and studies. A total of more than 570 grammarians have been identified for inclusion in the LGGA and over 300 are currently available online. Each entry will be published in Italian and English. Completion of the Lexicon is expected at the end of 2023.
The Dead Sea Scrolls represents perhaps the most significant historical manuscript discovery in recent history. Brill’s Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts offers a unique opportunity to study state of the art photographs of these ancient scripts, and understand their meaning using the translations of text and interpretations for missing fragments.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts provides users with a comprehensive tool for the study of the biblical texts from the Judean Desert (the “Dead Sea Scrolls”). For the first time all biblical texts are accessible in one place, allowing searches through high resolution photographs of the ancient fragments, and texts derived from the fragments in Masoretic order (Bible books), as well as providing English translations and full transcriptions of the Hebrew Scripture, over 200 in total.

NEW: The Brill Text Tool, free of charge to Chrome users. The Brill Text Tool is a browser extension to get additional lexical and grammatical information about the Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical Texts Online. Read more here.

The complete collection consists of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts. Used side by side, these databases offer the user access to all the Dead Sea Scrolls texts.

This online product is based on The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library CD-ROM, published by Brill and Brigham Young University, 1999.
J. F. Niermeyer's Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus is a highly practical lexicon, providing researchers, teaching staff and students in the field of Medieval History with concise, essential information. Niermeyer Online on Brill’s Dictionary Platform is still the “compendious lexicon for rapid information” envisaged by Niermeyer and is the only online version based on the very latest print edition (content expanded by 10% in 2002). This last update also provided French, English and German translations for every entry of a Medieval Latin concept. Niermeyer Online offers searches on lemma and full text: searches can be refined by century of use. All entries are contextualized with relevant text passages. Niermeyer’s Lexicon Minus has established a reputation over more than 50 years as an invaluable, authoritative, and highly rated resource for medievalists, and Niermeyer Online is certain to be an indispensable working tool for historians working inside or outside an academic library.
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature. The EAGLL offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of Ancient Greek, comprising detailed descriptions of the language from Proto-Greek to koine. It addresses linguistic aspects from several perspectives including history, structure, individual singularities, biographical references, schools of thought, technical meta-language, sociolinguistic issues, dialects, didactics, translation practices, generic issues, Greek in relation to other languages, etc., and on all levels of analysis including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, lexicon, semantics, stylistics, etc. It also includes all the necessary background information regarding the roots of Greek in Indo-European. As and when, excursions may be made to later stages of the language, e.g. Byzantine or even later. The focus, however, will predominantly be Ancient Greek. With well over 500 entries on all aspects of Ancient Greek, this new encyclopedia aspires to become a basic research tool and the recognized reference work on the subject. The online version of the EAGLL can be accessed at http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/.
Features & Benefits
--Full Text Search, advanced search options --Extensive cross-references, navigation via hyperlinks --Articles covering a wide-range of topics such as the Greek of various sources (texts, manuscripts, inscriptions, reading traditions), major grammatical features (phonology, morphology, and syntax), lexicon, script and paleography, theoretical linguistic approaches, etc. --All Greek transcribed
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day. The encyclopedia contains overview articles that provide a readable synopsis of current knowledge of the major periods and varieties of the Hebrew language as well as thematically-organized entries which provide further information on individual topics. With over 950 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.
Features and Benefits: • Search the full text by keyword and Hebrew character set, in addition to advanced search options. • Navigate extensive cross-references via hyperlinks. • Access tertiary treatment of a wide-range of topics such as the Hebrew of various sources (texts, manuscripts, inscriptions, reading traditions), major grammatical features (phonology, morphology, and syntax), lexicon, script and paleography, theoretical linguistic approaches, etc. • Receive annual updates with new articles, images, and multimedia, in particular sound recordings, beginning the year after publication. • Benefit from a synthesis of scholarly research from Israel, Europe, North America, and Asia.
The African Studies Companion Online is part of African Research Online.

This new edition of the African Studies Companion Online brings together a wide range of sources of information in the African studies field. It builds on four previous editions of the African Studies Companion, the award-winning publication initiated by Hans Zell. Published in print and online until 2006, this new edition is published electronically only.

The African Studies Companion Online is an invaluable tool for scholars in African Studies. It contains over 1800 entries covering guides and resources for African languages, Africa cartography and maps, African film, African studies journals, magazines and newsletters, media guides and news sources for Africa, the African press, African studies library collections worldwide, national archives in Africa, centers of African studies and African studies programs worldwide, awards and prizes in African studies, and a wealth of other subjects.

Many entries describe and evaluate resources, others are factual and provide practical information. With a few exceptions, all entries directly link to the internet.

Easy to search and navigate, African Studies Companion Online is the best starting point for students and professionals in African Studies.

Edited by Marie-José Wijntjes
Economy, Education, Environment, Law, Population and Labor, and Society
The former Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Yearbooks have become part of the Chinese Research Perspectives series. The Chinese Research Perspectives series includes four research areas: Education, the Environment, Population and Labor, and Society. The selection of contributions covers developments in China of particular interest to a Western (non-Chinese speaking) audience and occasionally differs from the Chinese-language yearbooks. The selected materials continue to provide Western readers with firsthand insights into the discussions of China’s top scholars on contemporary issues in their country.
As with the CASS Yearbooks, the original versions of these volumes are published in China by Social Sciences Academic Press (SSAP), one of the publishing units of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and are edited principally by leading researchers from CASS and other top research institutions and universities in China. The selection of contributions for the English-language Chinese Research Perspectives series and the translations of those volumes are supervised by Western editorial boards.
The former CASS Yearbooks and the new Chinese Research Perspectives titles are now developed into an online, full-text searchable reference work, that provides interested scholars, students and policy makers with up-to-date information, data and debates on contemporary issues in China.
Recently relaunched in March 2019 with many improvements and new content, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism presents the latest research on all the main aspects of the Hindu traditions. Its essays are original work written by the world’s foremost scholars on Hinduism. The encyclopedia presents a balanced and even-handed view of Hinduism, recognizing the divergent perspectives and methods in the academic study of a religion that is both an ancient historical tradition and a flourishing tradition today. The encyclopedia embraces the greatest possible diversity, plurality, and heterogeneity, thus emphasizing that Hinduism encompasses a variety of regional traditions as well as a global world religion. Presenting all essays and research from the heralded printed edition, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism is now available in a fully searchable, dynamic digital format. The service will include all content from the six printed volumes.

Volume I Regions and the Regional Traditions Sacred Space and Time Gods, Goddesses, and Divine Powers

Volume II Sacred Texts and Languages Ritual Traditions Arts Concepts

Volume III Society Religious Specialists Religious Traditions Philosophy

Volume IV Historical Perspectives Poets, Teachers, and Saints Relation to Other Religions and Traditions Hinduism and Contemporary Issues

Volume V Religious Symbols Hinduism and Migration: Contemporary Communities outside South Asia Some Modern Religious Groups and Teachers

Volume VI Indices

Features and Benefits
• Access articles covering topics such as main regions within and beyond India and their regional traditions; sacred spaces and time and the various gods, goddesses, and divine powers of Hinduism past and present; major religious texts, literary genres, and sacred languages; performance, the arts, and ritual traditions; leading concepts and philosophical traditions; significant historical periods and eminent figures of saints, poets, and teachers; the interaction of Hinduism with other religions and the various responses of Hinduism to a number of contemporary issues such as feminism, human and animal rights, bioethics, and the Internet; and the place and role of Hinduism among communities in diaspora.
• Keyword and full-text search.
• Navigate extensive hyperlinked cross-references.
• Consult a comprehensive index of approximately 20,000 terms, concepts, and personal and place names accompanied by short explanations.
• View rich illustrations, maps, and photographs.


The Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online (ENHI) was originally published in 2012. It has now being relaunched with lots of improvements and some additional contents (but without a price increase).

*Improvements include:
1. All quotes, poems, lists, tables, images, diagrams, and other illustrations have a greatly improved appearance.
2. Corrections of factual errors handed in by authors over the years have been implemented.
3. “Forthcoming” in the bibliographies have been updated.
4. All URLs in the running texts and bibliographies have been verified and provided with a recent “accessed [date].” This resulted in removing close to half of them, as they are no longer available.

*New content (not included in the print edition):
1. Bhāgavatapurāṇa by Jonathan Edelmann
2. Cōmacuntara Nāyakar by Eric Steinschneider
3. Gayatri Pariwar by Daniel Heifetz
4. Haridwar by James Lochtefeld
5. Harivaṃśa by Simon Brodbeck
6. Kedarnath by Luke Whitmore
7. Omkareshwar by Jürgen Neuß
8. Pramukh Swami by Mamtora Bhakti
9. Śaiva Āgamas: The Four Pādas and Thirty-six Tattvas by T. Ganesan
10. Slavery by K.M. Shrimali
11. Soma by Matthew Clarke
12. Śrīdharasvāmin by Jonathan Edelmann
13. Srisailam by Prabhavati C. Reddy

In particular, the articles Soma (new insight regarding this psychotropic substance), Slavery (the topic having been denied/ignored for years in Indian studies), and Śaiva Āgamas (first time that the content – in contrast to the textual history – of this literary genre is dealt with in such depth) can be considered seminal.

Originally, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism was published as a finished product with no plans for updates. However, the editors have agreed to produce a 7th print volume, and these articles will be part of it. All existing customers will be able to access the new improved version and the added articles with no additional charge.
Book History Online (BHO) is the international bibliography in the field of book and library history. It provides a comprehensive survey of all scholarly publications written from a historical perspective. Included are monographs, articles and reviews dealing with the history of the printed book, its arts, crafts, techniques and equipment, its economic, social and cultural environment, as well as its production, distribution, preservation and description. In particular, BHO contains information on topics such as papermaking, bookbinding, book illustration, type design, typefounding, bibliophily, book collecting, libraries and individuals.

Features
- Access to nearly 120,000 records
- Logging scholarly publications from the late 19th century until today
- Entries ordered by subject, country or period
- Covering over 40 languages (predominantly German, English, French and Dutch)
- Search by title, author, keyword, language and more
- Personal tools include save searches, search alerts and exporting tools
- Updated regularly

BHO is the online continuation of the Annual Bibliography of the History of the Printed Book and Libraries (ABHB), initially edited by Hendrik D.L. Vervliet and subsequently by the Department of Special Collections of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (The Hague). The first volume was published in 1970.
Weston's & Carlson's Basic Documents
This online documentary compendium gathers in a single easy-to-use collection the most significant and influential legal primary sources of the post-WWII global order. It is both a comprehensive documentary history of public international law over the past 70 years and an anthology of currently operational international instruments. Organized topically and chronologically, the collection provides easy and quick access to the most important international legal materials affecting the foundations of world public order; the laws of war; human rights; international trade, investment, and development; and environmental protection.

Users can quickly trace the history and current state-of-play of international lawmaking in dozens of areas, including, for example, the curtailment of weapons of mass destruction, the expansion of women’s rights, control of the narcotics trade, and regulation of international fisheries. Hundreds of key documents are presented in full text, with up-to-date information about the location and legal status of each document.

The primary source collection provides access to a multitude of often difficult to find documents including treaties, agreements, charters, concluding documents, conventions, covenants, decisions, declarations, draft articles, final acts, general acts, joint statements, manifestos, memoranda, pacts, procès-verbals, protocols, resolutions, rules, and statutes. Fully searchable, cross-referenced and externally linked, this unique compendium and upgraded platform offer researchers an essential, current and comprehensive source of international legal materials.
Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length. Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length.

September 2019 Update

Cases Tab

List of WTO Citations
List of Adopted Reports

Case Summaries:

271 EU – PET (Pakistan) Panel Report Summary
271A EU – PET (Pakistan) Appellate Body Report Summary
272 Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Panel Report Summary
272A Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Appellate Body Summary
273 Brazil – Taxation Panel Report Summary
273A Brazil – Taxation Appellate Body Report Summary
274 Indonesia – Chicken Panel Report Summary

Indexes Tab:

Key Word Index
WTO/GATT Articles Index
Country: Party Index
Country: Subject Index
Panelist Index
Appellate Body Index

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics represents a unique collaboration of a few hundred scholars from around the world and covers all relevant aspects of the study of Arabic and deals with all levels of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, mixed varieties of Arabic). No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (EALL Online) contains all content of the print edition and new content is added on a regular basis. New articles are elaborations or updates of themes already discussed in the EALL, or are new entries that are relevant to the field. The EALL Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches to be as objective and versatile as possible. The online edition is cross-searchable, cross-referenced and regularly updated. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of linguistics, Islamic studies, Arabic literature and other related fields. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is also available in print, visit www.brill.com/eall for more information.
Features and Benefits - Over 500 entries - Over 300 contributors - Over 2.1 million words - Full-text searchable and advanced searchability - Browsable index - Fully Unicode compliant, to facilitate the display of foreign languages - A high-quality linguistic reference work - A unique and widely respected authoritative source in the field - Covers all relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific
The Context of Scripture illuminatingly presents the multi-faceted world of ancient writing that forms the colorful background to the literature of the Hebrew Bible. The online version makes the content of this unique and valuable reference work even more accessible.
Designed as a thorough and enduring reference work for all engaged in the study of the Bible and the ancient Near East, it provides reliable access to a broad, balanced, and representative collection of Ancient Near Eastern texts that have an impact on the interpretation of the Bible. Each entry includes an introduction to the text, an authoritative translation, commentary, and bibliographic references.
The online version is based on the substantial three-volume work and was updated with the fourth volume, which published in 2016.
Features and Benefits - Includes ALL volumes of the Context of Scripture - Browsable index including subjects, names, and places - Allows for basic and advanced searches - Full cross-referencing to biblical passages
The Context of Scripture is also available in print, visit www.brill.com for more information.
This online encyclopedia describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon, this comprehensive and up-to-date encyclopedia includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008. It has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present.

Comprehensive, up-to-date, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the Encyclopedia also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and sociocultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

Describing Christianity in its global context, the Encyclopedia is a fully international work, with articles written by scholars from many countries and cultural backgrounds. Separate articles for every continent and for over 170 countries present both the history and the current situation of the Christian faith in all its rich spiritual and theological diversity around the world.

Features and benefits:
- Comprehensive, authoritative, up to date
- Both historical and contemporary in scope
- Scholarly yet accessible to general readers
- More than 1,700 articles
- Based on the original five volume print edition
- Global context, separate articles for every continent and for over 170 countries

Encyclopedia of Christianity Online is also available in print.
Linguistic Bibliography Online contains over 480,000 detailed bibliographical descriptions of linguistic publications on general and language-specific theoretical linguistics. While the bibliography aims to cover all languages of the world, particular attention is given to the inclusion of publications on endangered and lesser-studied languages. Publications in any language are collected, analyzed and annotated (using a state-of-the-art system of subject and language keywords) by an international team of linguists and bibliographers from all over the world. With a tradition of over seventy years, and over 20,000 references added annually, the Linguistic Bibliography remains the most comprehensive bibliography for every scholar and student of linguistics.

Online and print
The online database Linguistic Bibliography Online includes all bibliographical references of the printed yearbooks 1993-present, as well as additional materials which are exclusive to the online version (e.g. online resources). New bibliographical descriptions on the latest linguistic publications are added to the online database on a monthly basis. Annual volumes of the Linguistic Bibliography continue to be published in print by Brill.

Key Features
- Contains over 480,000 bibliographical references
- Links to full-text and library services
- DOI links and abstracts increasingly available
- Monthly updates with ± 20,000 new references added per year
- Compiled, analyzed, and annotated by an international team of specialists
- Includes publications written in 140+ languages (translations provided wherever relevant)
- Simple, full-text search and advanced search
- 1,000+ subject keywords and 4,200+ language keywords
- Save, print and email bibliographic references
- Export citations in various formats to compile and refine your own bibliography

Subjects included in Linguistic Bibliography:
- all languages and language families
- theoretical linguistics
- biographical data on linguists (e.g. biographies, obituaries)

Publication forms included in Linguistic Bibliography:
- books: monographs and edited volumes incl. Festschriften and conference proceedings
- articles from journals incl. e-journals and open access
- chapters from edited volumes
- short research notes and squibs
- reviews and review articles
- bibliographies
- PhD dissertations
- textbooks and handbooks catered to students
- online resources
- obituaries
- dictionaries on lesser studied languages
- primary sources and language documentation, especially of lesser studied languages, e.g. corpora, vocabularies
The Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures (EWIC) is an interdisciplinary, trans-historical, and global project embracing women and Islamic cultures in every region where there have been significant Muslim populations. It aims to cover every topic for which there is significant research, examining these regions from the period just before the rise of Islam to the present. A unique collaboration of over 1000 scholars from around the world, the Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures crosses history, geographic borders and disciplines to create a ground-breaking reference work reflecting the very latest research on gender studies and the Islamic world. No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage.
The Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online covers all volumes of the print edition, covering the following subjects: - Methodologies, Paradigms and Sources (volume 1) - Family, Law and Politics (volume 2) - Family, Body, Sexuality and Health (volume 3) - Economics, Education, Mobility and Space (volume 4) - Practices, Interpretations and Representations (volume 5) - plus the Supplement and Index Volume
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of gender studies, Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, as well as scholars of religion, history, politics, anthropology, geography and related disciplines.
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online is also available in print, visit brill.com/ewic for more information.
Features and Benefits - The only reference work of its kind - Contributions from over 1,000 scholars in the field - More than 1,600 thematic, regional or disciplinary entries - Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it indispensable for all levels of users - Updated twice a year with new articles, images - Accessible style for a wider audience
The Indo-European Etymological Dictionaries Online (IEDO) reconstructs the lexicon for the most important languages and language branches of Indo-European. It is a rich and voluminous online reference source for historical and general linguists. Dictionaries can be cross-searched, with an advance search for each individual dictionary enabling the user to perform more complex research queries. Each entry is accompanied by grammatical info, meaning(s), etymological commentary, reconstructions, cognates and often extensive bibliographical information. Content will be updated and added on a regular basis. The latest addition is the Lithuanian Etymological Dictionary by Ernst Fraenkel.

Features and Benefits
- Includes 15 dictionaries
- Contains over 20.000 entries
- Covers over 150 languages
- Rich bibliographical references for further research
- Export, print and save records
- Cross-searchable database, supporting simple and complex queries
- Unicode compliant, displaying and searching complex characters and diacritics


Included Dictionaries:
Lithuanian Etymological Dictionary, Ernst Fraenkel
Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Rick Derksen
Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Guus Kroonen
Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Robert Beekes with the assistance of Lucien van Beek
Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic, Ranko Matasović
Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon, Hrach K. Martirosyan
Etymological Dictionary of Latin, Michiel de Vaan
Reconstructing Proto-Nostratic, Allan R. Bomhard
Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon, Alwin Kloekhorst
Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon, Rick Derksen
Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb, Johnny Cheung
Old Frisian Etymological Dictionary, Dirk Boutkan and Sjoerd Michiel Siebinga
Cuneiform Luvian Lexicon, H. Craig Melchert
Etymological Dictionary of Tocharian B, Douglas Q. Adams
Materials for an Etymological Database of North Lechitic Dialects, Konstantin K. Bogatyrev

The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World (EJIW) is the first cohesive and discreet reference work which covers the Jews of Muslim lands particularly in the late medieval, early modern and modern periods. The expanded online version, EJIW Online (started in 2010), is updated twice annually with newly commissioned articles, illustrations, multimedia, and primary source material.
EJIW Online now includes the analytical index, which was recently awarded the Wheatley Medal 2011; the list of Internet resources; the unique survey of Jewish journals in the Islamic world; and the maps. The encyclopedia has been awarded the 2011 Judaica Reference Award by the Association of Jewish Libraries.
The Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World is also available in print, visit www.brill.com/ejiw for more information.
Features and Benefits - Interdisciplinary articles cover a wide range of topics from history, law, music, visual arts, social sciences, philosophy, anthropology and demography - Alphabetical order and cross-references enable quick and easy searching - Over 150 color and black and white illustrations, graphs and maps - Over 2,200 entries and 1.5 million words - Updates will include new articles, illustrations and multimedia - The only reference work of its kind - Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it indispensable for all levels of users - Over 350 internationally-renowned scholars from all over the world
600-1500
Christian-Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History Online (CMR Online) is a general online history of relations between the faiths. It covers the period from 600 to 1500 CE, when encounters took place through the extended Mediterranean basin and are recorded in Syriac, Arabic, Greek, Latin and other languages. It comprises introductory essays on the treatment of Christians in the Qur’an, Qur’an commentaries, biographies of the Prophet, Hadith and Sunni law, and of Muslims in canon law, and the main body of more than two hundred detailed entries on all the works recorded, whether surviving or lost. The result of collaboration between leading scholars, CMR Online is intended as an invaluable tool for research in Christian-Muslim relations.

Christian Muslim Relations: A Bibliographical History is also available in print, visit www.brill.com/hcmr.

Features and Benefits
- International expert authorship
- Unrivalled comprehensive bibliographic reference work on Christian Muslim Relations
- Covers the period 600-1500
- Cross-searchable database
- Easy access to up-to-date information
Encyclopedia of Theology and Religion
This English edition is available as a set with the German version Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart. For more details and pricing see Religion Past and Present Online & Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart.

Religion Past and Present (RPP) Online is the online version of the updated English translation of the 4th edition of the definitive encyclopedia of religion worldwide: the peerless Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG). This great resource, now available in English and Online, continues the tradition of deep knowledge and authority relied upon by generations of scholars in religious, theological, and biblical studies. Religion Past and Present indisputably belongs to the small class of essential reference works.

RPP Online includes all 13 volumes of the print edition.

Features and Benefits
- Strongly international, cross-cultural and ecumenical, written by over 3,000 authors from 88 countries
- RGG has been a standard reference work since the publication of the first edition in 1908
- Covers an unparalleled breadth of subject matter in theological and biblical studies
- Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it an indispensable resource for all levels of users
- Interdisciplinary articles cover a wide range of topics from history, archaeology, liturgy, law, bible, music, visual arts, politics, social sciences, natural sciences, ethics and philosophy
- The 4th edition of RGG, the basis of the RPP translation, includes hundreds of new entries on Eastern religions and other religious subjects. The editors of RPP have added a number of articles and revised others for a global English-speaking readership.
- Over 15,000 entries and 8 million words
A Cross-searchable Database and Bibliography of Journal Articles
The English language abstracts published in the Index to the Study of Religions are drawn from a wide range of journals in various languages and reflect an array of complementary disciplines. The number of entries will continue to grow each year. Index to the Study of Religions is the online version of the Brill journal Science of Religion. Articles are classified into the following three large sections: method and theory, religions in context by area, and textual and conceptual traditions. The list of journals consulted is reviewed regularly and suggestions for improvement are welcomed. The Index to the Study of Religions does not seek to appraise or criticise the contents of any articles. Nor does it endorse any of the religious standpoints or agendas referred to in the articles indexed and abstracted. In all cases the individual authors are responsible for their own opinions and any reference to these opinions should take account of the complete article in the original source. The main objective of the Index to the Study of Religions is to facilitate the work and international collaboration of scholars in the academic study of religions and related fields.
For a complete list of journals consulted for the Index to the Study of Religions, please access the table of contents.

The Index to the Study of Religions is published with the support of the International Association for the History of Religions (IAHR).
Features and Benefits - Abstracts drawn from a wide range of journals in various languages - Covers an array of complementary disciplines - Regularly updated with new entries
The print version of the Index for the Study of Religion, published in four issues per year as Science of Religion, can be found here
Brockelmann Online consists of both original volumes Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (GAL) by Carl Brockelmann (1868-1956), as well as the three supplement volumes, including the indexes. Brockelmann’s Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur offers bio-bibliographic information about works written in Arabic and their authors, with an emphasis on the classical period.
This originally multivolume reference work is divided in chronologically organized sections, which are subdivided by literary genre. Individual entries typically consist of a biographical section and a list of the author’s works in manuscript and print, with references to secondary literature. The full-text search makes the online version of Brockelmann much easier to use and consult this unique and valuable resource.

The “Brockelmann” is an indispensible research tool for anyone working on the Islamic world in general and the Middle East in particular.

For more information about this title visit http://www.brill.com/geschichte-der-arabischen-litteratur-6-vol-set.

Features and Benefits
- Complete full-text searchable version of the original text edition
- Future updates will include annotations to the original text
- References to the printed edition make the content more accessible
- Bibliographical notes can be viewed using the mouse-over