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Edited by Lutz Edzard

The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics represents a unique collaboration of a few hundred scholars from around the world and covers all relevant aspects of the study of Arabic and deals with all levels of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, mixed varieties of Arabic). No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (EALL Online) contains all content of the print edition and new content is added on a regular basis. New articles are elaborations or updates of themes already discussed in the EALL, or are new entries that are relevant to the field. The EALL Online comprehensively covers all aspects of Arabic languages and linguistics. It is interdisciplinary in scope and represents different schools and approaches to be as objective and versatile as possible. The online edition is cross-searchable, cross-referenced and regularly updated. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of linguistics, Islamic studies, Arabic literature and other related fields. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is also available in print, visit for more information.
Features and Benefits - Over 500 entries - Over 300 contributors - Over 2.1 million words - Full-text searchable and advanced searchability - Browsable index - Fully Unicode compliant, to facilitate the display of foreign languages - A high-quality linguistic reference work - A unique and widely respected authoritative source in the field - Covers all relevant fields in Arabic linguistics, both general and language specific


Edited by Manfred Landfester

The Classical Tradition volumes of Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopedia of the Ancient World form a specific part within the Encyclopedia as a whole. The longer entries that deal with the reception of the classical world in later centuries contain a wealth of information. This Index volume is specifically designed to make this information even more accessible. It contains a thematic guide to the entries but also provide extensive indices of Personal Names, Place Names and Subjects discussed within the texts, making the it an indispensable tool for the optimal use of this unique series.

Edited by William J. Hallo

The Context of Scripture illuminatingly presents the multi-faceted world of ancient writing that forms the colorful background to the literature of the Hebrew Bible. The online version makes the content of this unique and valuable reference work even more accessible.
Designed as a thorough and enduring reference work for all engaged in the study of the Bible and the ancient Near East, it provides reliable access to a broad, balanced, and representative collection of Ancient Near Eastern texts that have an impact on the interpretation of the Bible. Each entry includes an introduction to the text, an authoritative translation, commentary, and bibliographic references.
The online version is based on the substantial three-volume work and was updated with the fourth volume, which published in 2016.
Features and Benefits - Includes ALL volumes of the Context of Scripture - Browsable index including subjects, names, and places - Allows for basic and advanced searches - Full cross-referencing to biblical passages
The Context of Scripture is also available in print, visit for more information.

Edited by John Mbiti

This online encyclopedia describes modern-day Christian beliefs and communities in the context of 2000 years of apostolic tradition and Christian history. Based on the third, revised edition of the critically acclaimed German work Evangelisches Kirchenlexikon, this comprehensive and up-to-date encyclopedia includes all 5 volumes of the print edition of 1999-2008. It has become a standard reference work for the study of Christianity past and present.

Comprehensive, up-to-date, reflecting the highest standards in scholarship yet intended for a wide range of readers, the Encyclopedia also looks outward beyond Christianity, considering other world religions and philosophies as it paints the overall religious and sociocultural picture in which the Christianity finds itself.

Describing Christianity in its global context, the Encyclopedia is a fully international work, with articles written by scholars from many countries and cultural backgrounds. Separate articles for every continent and for over 170 countries present both the history and the current situation of the Christian faith in all its rich spiritual and theological diversity around the world.

Features and benefits:
- Comprehensive, authoritative, up to date
- Both historical and contemporary in scope
- Scholarly yet accessible to general readers
- More than 1,700 articles
- Based on the original five volume print edition
- Global context, separate articles for every continent and for over 170 countries

Encyclopedia of Christianity Online is also available in print.


Edited by K. Zweigert and Ulrich Drobnig

This massive work represents the labour of hundreds of lawyers and scholars throughout the world. It is undoubtedly the most extensive and thorough examination of comparative law on the international level ever published. It incorporates not only detailed descriptions of the legal systems of more than 150 countries but, above all, thoroughly documented comparative analyses of the main issues in civil and commercial law and related issues world-wide. Consisting of 17 volumes in total, each volume is divided into 6-20 chapters written by relevant specialists. Rather than delaying publication until the volume is complete, every chapter is published on completion in paperback form. Once a year several of these chapters, not necessarily of the same volume, are sent to subscribers in single instalment. As soon as all the chapters in a given volume are ready, they are indexed, updated where necessary and sent to subscribers in high-quality hardback form. For an up-to-date list of published instalments, their contents, and prices, please contact


Hans Dieter Betz, Don Browning, Bernd Janowski and Eberhard Jüngel


Edited by Hubert Cancik and Helmuth Schneider

This Index volume to Brill’s New Pauly: Encyclopedia of the Ancient World relates to the Antiquity volumes (volumes 1–15) and apart from indices, it also provides new materials to aid the reader in the study of the Ancient World. The first part of the volume consists of systematic guides, arranged by theme, to the entries relating to subjects and to persons. A concordance of geographical names helps the reader find ancient places by looking up the modern equivalents. An index of the maps and illustrations and a list of all contributors to these volumes completes the indices. The second half of this volume contains entirely new matter. It presents various lists and tables detailing laws and law codes, treaties, papyri, ostraka and manuscripts; weight, volume and monetary systems; as well as chronologies and time calculation systems. Together these form an indispensible gateway to the more than 15,000 entries of this part of the Encyclopedia.

Edited by Graeme Dunphy

The Encyclopedia of the Medieval Chronicle brings together the latest research in chronicle studies from a variety of disciplines and scholarly traditions. Chronicles are the history books written and read in educated circles throughout Europe and the Middle East in the Middle Ages. For the modern reader, they are important as sources for the history they tell, but equally they open windows on the preoccupations and self-perceptions of those who tell it. Interest in chronicles has grown steadily in recent decades, and the foundation of a Medieval Chronicle Society in 1999 is indicative of this. Indeed, in many ways the Encyclopedia has been inspired by the emergence of this Society as a focus of the interdisciplinary chronicle community.

The Encyclopedia fills an important gap especially for historians, art historians, and literar scholars. It is the first reference work on medieval chronicles to attempt this kind of coverage of works from Eruope, North Africa, and the Middle East over a period of twelve centuries. 2564 entries escribe individual anonymous chronicles or the historical oeuvre of particular chroniclers, covering the widest possible selection of works written in Latin, English, French, Spanish, German, Dutch, Norse, Irish, Hebrew, Arabic, Greek, Syriac, Church Slavonic and other languages. Leading articles give overviwes of genres and historiographical traditions, and thematic entries cover particular features of medieval chronicles and such general issues as authorship and patronage, as well as questions of art history. Textual transmission is emphasized, and a comprehensive manuscript index makes a useful contribution to the codicology of chronicles.

Also available online as part of Brill's Medieval Reference Library Online.

Suad Joseph

The Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures (EWIC) is an interdisciplinary, trans-historical, and global project embracing women and Islamic cultures in every region where there have been significant Muslim populations. It aims to cover every topic for which there is significant research, examining these regions from the period just before the rise of Islam to the present. A unique collaboration of over 1000 scholars from around the world, the Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures crosses history, geographic borders and disciplines to create a ground-breaking reference work reflecting the very latest research on gender studies and the Islamic world. No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage.
The Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online covers all volumes of the print edition, covering the following subjects: - Methodologies, Paradigms and Sources (volume 1) - Family, Law and Politics (volume 2) - Family, Body, Sexuality and Health (volume 3) - Economics, Education, Mobility and Space (volume 4) - Practices, Interpretations and Representations (volume 5) - plus the Supplement and Index Volume
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of gender studies, Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, as well as scholars of religion, history, politics, anthropology, geography and related disciplines.
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online is also available in print, visit for more information.
Features and Benefits - The only reference work of its kind - Contributions from over 1,000 scholars in the field - More than 1,600 thematic, regional or disciplinary entries - Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it indispensable for all levels of users - Updated twice a year with new articles, images - Accessible style for a wider audience

Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Volume Two

Sacred Texts, Ritual Traditions, Arts, Concepts


Knut A. Jacobsen (Editor-in-Chief), University of Bergen, and Helene Basu, University of Münster, Angelika Malinar, University of Zürich, Vasudha Narayanan, University of Florida (Associate Editors)
Volume II of Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism builds upon the first volume by examining the sacred languages of Hinduism and its major religious texts, literary genres, and scholarly traditions as well as the vernaculars. It further explores the ritual traditions, including domestic rituals, mantras, and intoxication. In addition, performance and the arts such as martial arts, dance, and film feature prominently. The last section extensively investigates the meaning, connotations, and use of some forty leading concepts like karman, the self, renunciation, asceticism, meditation, and liberation. Sacred Texts, Ritual Traditions, Arts, Concepts is the second of ultimately five volumes, which will include an index in the final volume.

Please see Brill's Encyclopedia of Hinduism (6 vols set) ISBN 978 90 04 27128 9 (Publication December 2014) for the complete set information.