This second collection of essays deals again with the (more than just literary) genre of 'commentary' in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. It is based on the work of the Bochum Graduiertenkolleg 237, where aspects such as the definition and form of commentary texts were discussed. This volume presents a selection of 14 papers which were given at the colloquia over the last six years. Introductions, but also special topics from Greek and Latin Philology, Philosophy, Art History, Theology and Medical History are presented by the contributors. Emphasis is given to Philosophy and Art History, the latter examining the question of pictures as commentaries.
Contributors include: Viola Belghaus; Mamuka Beriaschwili; Tina Dolidze; Wilhelm Geerlings; Tengiz Iremadze; Rainer Jakobi; Rainer Jakobi; Ralf Krumeich; Christian Schulze; Zaza Shatirishvili; Guram Tevzadze; Nina Valenzuela Montenegro; Susanne Wittekind; Barbara Zipser.
This monumental history of the organ in antiquity provides a wide overview of the technical development, use and recognition of the organ as an instrument. The interdisciplinary study relies on a comprehensive collection of literary works and archaeological monuments from Hellenistic, Roman, Jewish, Early Byzantine, Syrian and Western civilization ranging from 270 B.C. to 630 A.D., and discusses the survival of this rich heritage in Byzantium, the Islam and the Latin Middle Ages until about 1200.
The volume completes with an account of the relevant scholarship since the Renaissance and extensive indices. Fully documented and richly illustrated with numerous photographs and drawings, it will appeal to students and scholars of both the arts and the sciences. This history of the organ in antiquity will serve as an indispensable reference work for decades.
This handbook will appeal to students and scholars of both the arts and the sciences. It should interest all those concerned with the history of music and musical instruments, archaeologists, and historians of art and of science and technology.
This collection of essays deals with the often neglected literary genre 'commentary' in ancient and medieval times. It is based on the work of the Bochum Graduiertenkolleg 237, where aspects such as definition, form and history of commentary texts, implicit commentation, pictures and paintings as commentaries were discussed. This volume presents a choice of 16 lectures which accompanied the colloquia from 1996.
Introductions, but also special topics from the perspectives of theology, philosophy, classical philology, medical history, Arabic and Jewish Studies are given by the contributors. Great emphasis is laid on the interdisciplinary connection between these different points of view, for example by discussing the question on the impact pagan rhetoric had on Christian commentary texts. Further interest is focused on relevant literature - medicine, grammar, philosophy - and its commentaries.
This volume is a database of information about and references to literature on commentaries on Greek and Latin medical writers. It includes Greek and Latin commentaries up to the 12th century on authors, who were active before 600 A.D. It takes account of commentaries on Galen in particular and of later Alexandrian physicians - surviving and lost - as well as of commentaries originally composed in Greek which were only transmitted in Arabic translation. This catalogue summarises current knowledge of these commentaries covering manuscripts, editions, type of commentary, and the state of research. Particulars of primary sources and detailed literature references enable users to fine-tune their searches in this corpus of material.
The thirteen original studies collected in this volume range from detailed paleographical examinations of individual papyri, manuscripts and printed books to scholarly interpretations of particular medical texts in their cultural, intellectual and historical contexts.
Subjects handled include an early testimony to the philosopher Empedocles, the development of general disease concepts from specific cases in the Hippocratic writings, the use of the word 'contagion' in the Roman medical writer Caelius Aurelianus, a Vienna manuscript which presents the contents of several Galenic treatises in the form of stemmatic diagrams, and the reception of Galen's medical system in Montpellier around 1300.
With contributors from seven countries writing in four languages, this volume provides convincing evidence of the vitality and richness of scholarship in ancient medicine at the close of the twentieth century.
The lack of a well organised index of synonyms of plant names for the period of the later Middle Ages has increasingly been felt by historians, philologists and sociologists to be one of the big lacunas in their field.
Boec van medicinen in Dietsche (Brill, 1967) Willem F. Daems presented in a
Synonymarium van Middelnederlandse Plantennamen a summary of the plant names which occurred in a single text conceived in c. 1300.
He now evaluates, assigns parameters for meaning to and in the majority of cases identifies the pharmaco-botanical material contained in about 100 medieval manuscripts and text editions (German, Dutch and English).
The depth and breadth of the author's botanical knowledge is widely recognised and the combination of this with his background in history and philology make this book a long-awaited and indispensable standard reference work in the field.