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Biological Globalisation

Bio-Invasions and Their Impact on Nature, the Economy and Public Health

Wouter van der Weijden, Rob Leewis and Pieter Bol

Bioglobalisation is anything but new. The exotic fungus Phytophtora has threatened European potato harvests since 1846. Since then, the number of deliberate and accidental introductions of exotic species has grown rapidly. Environmental factors such as climate change also play an increasing role.
This book is a thorough and informative overview of all aspects of bioglobalisation. It describes its nature and scope, as well as history, drivers and mechanisms. Using vivid examples, the book addresses which species are likely to become invasive, which bioregions are vulnerable, and whether we can - and should - try to control bio-invasions.
Separate chapters address the impacts of bioglobalisation on the environment and on our economy, and discuss, for instance, how virus invasions are threatening human lives worldwide.

Chironomidae Larvae, Vol. 1: Tanypodinae

General Ecology and Tanypodinae

Henk J. Vallenduuk and Henk K.M. Moller Pillot

General ecology of the Chironomids and identification key to the Tanypodinae

To most people midges are a nuisance—annoying creatures that can spoil a quiet evening. However, there are those who study these tiny insects with great passion, including the two authors of this book.

Because the European Water Framework Directive requires the authorities to ascertain the presence status of macro-invertebrates in surface waters, their work gained more attention.

Chironomids are a group of non-biting midges, the larvae of which are important in aquatic ecosystems. A major subfamily of this group are the Tanypodinae. The larvae of most of the species are free-swimming or crawling predators while those of other species burrow in the mud on the bottom. Since they inhabit a variety of habitats they can be found in almost all surface waters in the Netherlands.

The authors revised existing identification keys and collected additional information on the biology and ecology of the larvae. Where possible, the identification keys use anatomical characters that are easily observed.

The clear descriptions of the development stages, sampling methods and abiotic environmental factors help make this book useful for all students of chironomid larvae, professional or otherwise. This book is especially important for its potential use in water quality management.

Volume 1: Chironomidae Larvae - General ecology and Tanypodinae
Volume 2: Chironomidae Larvae - Biology and ecology of the Chironomini
Volume 3: Chironomidae Larvae - Biology and Ecology of the Aquatic Orthocladiinae

Desmids of the Lowlands

Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidiaceae of the European Lowlands

Peter F.M. Coesel and Koos J. Meesters

Algal species and in particular desmids are important indicators of water quality. Because of their preferential occurrence in vulnerable habitats, desmids lend themselves well to figuring in conservation studies.
The present flora describes all desmid taxa known from the Netherlands and adjacent lowland areas: over 500 species and more than 150 additional varieties. Because of the predominantly cosmopolitan nature of most species the flora may also be of use outside this geographic region.
The enclosed CD-ROM offers general information on desmid biology as well as a selection of species that are discussed in more detail. Ecological data, both on separate species and desmid communities, enable a characterization of the habitat sampled.
Volume 1: Desmids of the Lowlands - Mesotaeniaceae and Desmidiaceae of the European Lowlands
Volume 2: European Flora of the desmid genera Staurastrum and Staurodesmus

Europe's Living Landscapes

Essays Exploring Our Identity in the Countryside

Edited by Bas Pedroli, Anne van Doorn and Geert de Blust

This book is the result of three symposia of the Dutch Society for Landscape Ecology. The first symposium in 2005 was about the National Ecological Network in the Netherlands . The reason was that the implementation of the NEN, decided upon in 1990, was halfway. The second symposium, in 2006, was about urban ecology and the third one, to be held in 2007, will be about civil infrastructure. This book does not cover the conferences completely and new contributions are added.

The three themes are important contexts in which landscape ecologists do their research and apply their knowledge and skills. Of course, there are many more subjects to hold conferences about, for example climate change, urbanisation, agriculture, landscape ecology itself etc.
The focus of the conferences is on the Netherlands, with its urbanisation, intensive land use and water management as characteristic features. Although many WLO members do their work abroad or in an international context, these conferences offer a window on what happens in the Dutch context. The experiences may be of value for other contexts and that is why we present the results in English.

The selected themes and the focus on the Dutch context are serious demarcations of what landscape ecology in the Netherlands is all about. The book does not represent all research and applications of landscape ecology.

Landscape Ecology in the Dutch Context

Nature, Town and Infrastructure

T.M. de Jong, J.N.M. Dekker and R. Posthoorn

This book is the result of three symposia of the Dutch Society for Landscape Ecology (Werkgemeenschap voor Landschapsecologisch Onderzoek) about
• the Dutch National Ecological Network
• Urban ecology
• and Civil infrastructure.
The three topics - among others - show important contexts in which landscape ecologists do their research and apply their knowledge and skills.
The book focuses on urbanisation, intensive land use and water management as characteristic features of the Netherlands and therefore presents an important view on landscape ecology in the Dutch context.

The European Families of the Diptera

Identification - Diagnosis - Biology

Pjotr Oosterbroek

The European families of the Diptera presents an identification key and family descriptions of all 132 families of Diptera (midges, mosquitoes, gnats, true flies) occurring in Europe. It is written by a well-known Dutch specialist, in collaboration with over 30 European dipterists.

For the extensive identification key a new combination of important characters is employed, enabling relatively easy identification of families which are aberrant or traditionally considered difficult to identify.

Over 600 line drawings are included to illustrate characters and families. Apart from the key, the book includes an extensive chapter on terminology.
Information on systematics and the number of genera and species in Europe, a survey of the main characters, a summary of the biology and of the pertaining identification literature is included for all families.

Due to its design and content, the book will be of interest to the lay public and the serious amateur alike.

Flora of the Bluegreen Algae of the Netherlands

The Non-Filamentous Species of Inland Waters

Anton M.T. Joosten

The Netherlands are a small country, characterized by a large diversity of fresh to slightly brackish, oligo- to hypereutrophic stagnant and flowing inland waters. This diversity is reflected in a remarkable richness of phytoplankton species with blue-green algae as an important component.
Identification of phytoplankton frequently brings on serious problems, due to the scarcity of up-to-date floras. This book, written by an acknowledged Dutch phytoplankton expert, presents a new modern approach to the identification of phytoplankton of The Netherlands.
• treats 95 species belonging to 23 genera of non-filamentous blue-green algae in the plankton of Dutch inland waters including one new genus and 15 new species
• nomenclature according to modern insights and in agreement with international rules
• 500 original black-and-white photographs show all the details necessary for light-microscopical identification
• contains an identification key to the species and comparing every species to similar forms
• information on ecology and occurrence in different water types
• relevant literature references

Hoverflies of Northwest Europe

Identification Keys to the Syrphidae

M.P. van Veen

Hoverflies of the Northwest Europe is an updated edition with revisions to the text. It identifies the hoverflies of Northwest Europe and incorporates the knowledge that has been published in many articles over the past decades.
The book covers 500 species - nearly two thirds of the known European syrphid fauna. The main body of the book consists of dichotomous keys to all the hoverfly species found in the region, richly illustrated with drawings that show details as well as whole flies.
• What are hoverflies and how are they to distinguish from bees, wasps and other bees
• Where are they found? (forests, woodlands, marshes, peatlands and bogs, meadows, grasslands, gardens
• When is the best time to find and see hoverflies?
• Collecting and preservering specimens
• Early stages (eggs and larvae)
• How to use this book?
• The hoverfly body
• Identification keys to the genera and 500 species of Northwest Europe
• richly illustrated with drawings that show details as well as whole flies

Shorebirds

An Illustrated Behavioural Ecology

Jan van de Kam, Bruno Ens, Theunis Piersma and Leo Zwarts

Shorebirds are the most visible inhabitants of coastal wetlands worldwide. Many undertake spectacularly long flights between their wintering and breeding grounds, embodying the miracle of long-distance migration in a profound way. In this illustrated behavioural ecology the migration, feeding and breeding of these birds are explained in a comprehensive but simple and visually stunning form.
The core of the book is based on studies of shorebirds and other waterbirds (such as ducks, geese and gulls) that migrate along the East Atlantic Flyway. The emphasis is on those using the Dutch, German and Danish Wadden Sea; examples from the rest of the world are also included.
The authors are experts in the fields of bird migration, shorebird behaviour and intertidal ecology, and have contributed much to our current understanding of these subjects. The 300 magnificent portraits of waterbirds in action were taken by Jan van de Kam, one of The Netherlands' foremost wildlife photographers.