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Shintô und die Konzeption des japanischen Nationalwesens kokutai

Der religiöse Traditionalismus in Neuzeit und Moderne Japans

Klaus Antoni

The subject of this volume is the historical development of shintô and national thought in premodern and modern Japan. After examining the first instances of shintô-confucian syncretism in the early Edo period, the author investigates the function of shintô as a religious system to legitimize political power and explores how during the late Edo period this culminates in the concept of a specific Japanese national polity( kokutai).
Though the main caesurae in the process of modern Japanese history (e.g. Meiji restoration and the end of the Pacific War in 1945) play a dominant role in this context, the author points out that the main historical, religious and ideological continuities are of much greater importance; The ideas and concepts elaborated by shintô thinkers during the Edo period became reality in modern Japan.

Nelly Naumann

This second volume of the history of the native religious concepts of Japan covers the period of ca. 1200 to 1600, a time that was characterized by amalgamation with Buddhist ideas to such a degree that no native concept remained untouched. As in her first volume, here too the author tries to give a picture of all manifestations containing a religious component pertaining to native concepts while Buddhism is touched upon only as far as necessary in regard to syncretism. Following the specific character of these components the present volume is divided into three parts: the theological speculation due to syncretism; religious concepts found in literature, especially in legends; and the concrete manifestation of religious concepts in folk-customs and in daily life.

Junko Hamada

This volume deals with philosophical trends in Japan from the beginning of the Meiji era (1868) to the present, in connection with European philosophy, arranged in two chapters, a full chronological table of publications and an index of names.
The first chapter follows philosophical trends up to 1945; the first question treated is: How did the Japanese receive that European philosophy known as liberation and enlightenment? They soon began to develop their own philosophy, in particular under the influence of German idealism; for instance in the work of Nishida, Tanabe, Miki, Kuki and Watsuji.
The trend makes a 180-degree turn in 1945. The experiences of a defeated Japan lead to the confrontation with the self and all existing selves; it is once more a liberation, and there occurs then a new tendency, from 'reason' to 'body'; as, for instance, in Nakamura Hajime, Izutsu Toshihiko and Yuasa Yasuo.

Die Entstehung des Kabuki

Transkulturation Europa-Japan im 16. und 17. Jahrhundert


Umwandeln des Himmelspfeilers

Ein japanischer Mythos