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Brill in cooperation with the National Library of Russia in St. Petersburg, for the first time brings together a unique collection of rare primary sources on a vital and dynamic part of the history of Turkey, Russia, the Middle East and Western Europe Russian-Ottoman Relations. During the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries, the balance of power between Russia and the Ottoman Empire was constantly monitored in Western Europe, where several powers had designs of their own on some of the Ottoman territories. In Germany and France, in particular, all kinds of accounts, opinions, and plans were published that were influenced by, or aimed to influence, Russian-Ottoman relations. They include publications of relevant government documents, diplomatic reports, travel accounts that provided new details about hitherto relatively unknown regions, and fiercely political (and polemical) tracts and pamphlets designed to rally public support for one power or the other. Published across Europe over a period of two centuries, these sources provide detailed insights not only in the military ebb and flow of Russian-Ottoman relations, but also in their effects on European public opinion.

This series currently consists of 4 parts:
Part 1: The Origins, 1600-1800
Part 2: Shifts in the Balance of Power, 1800-1853
Part 3: The Crimean War, 1854-1856
Part 4: The End of the Empires, 1857-1914

Part 1: The Origins, 1600-1800
Relations between the Ottoman Empire and Russia were no less conflictual in the eighteenth century: They were at war in 1736-39, 1768-74, and 1787. In the infamous Treaty of Küçük Kaynarca of 1774, the Ottomans were forced to acknowledge the independence of the Crimea (under Russian influence) and of the northern coasts of the Black Sea. It was not until the Treaty of Jassy in 1792 that peaceful relations between the Ottomans and the Russians were restored.

Location of originals: National Library of Russia in St. Petersburg

Various Authors & Editors

• Number of titles: 263
• Languages used: Western languages, German, French, English
• Title list available
• MARC records available

In this collection Russian views are represented by such publications as no. 685 by Anatole Demidov (1812- 1870), traveler and patron of the arts; the discussion on the peace by former diplomat Tchihatchef; and the accounts of the Russian veteran, Piotr Andreevich Viazemsky (1792-1878). The opinions of two Turkish officers, Rustem Effendi and Seid Bey, and the views on the Crimean War of the Algerian poet, Muhammad b. Ismail (1820- 1870) are also included. On the British side the influential works of the virulently anti- Russian diplomat, David Urquhart (1805-1877), are well-represented, as well as more moderate publications.

Location of originals: National Library of Russia in St. Petersburg more moderate publications.

Various Authors & Editors

Russische Revue

Periodicals offer not only important information in various fields but also serve as one of the most authoritative barometers for assessing the culture of an epoch, a nation or a group. The number of journals and newspapers and their circulations measure the size of the educated or literate public; their subject matter indicates the areas of widest interest; the quality of the contents suggests the level of sophistication among both writers and readers; the intellectual bent of periodicals offers evidence of the political climate or opinion.
In Imperial Russia, journals emerged as an important force, much stronger and more central to cultural life than in other European countries. Nearly every self-respecting or self- important “circle” founded periodicals.
German-language press in Russia has more that 200 hundred years’ history. It appeared during the reign of Peter the Great, who invited to Russia many professionals from various countries of Western Europe, especially from Germany.
German language communities were especially numerous in both capitals of the Russian Empire – Moscow and St. Petersburg, in the Volga region (Povolzh’e) and in the south of the Empire (Prichernomor’e). They played an important role in the economic, social and cultural life of the Russian Empire. The first and the most important German-language newspaper Sankt-Peterburger Zeitung was launched in 1727 and existed without interruption until 1914.

Carl Röttger (1815-1884)
From 1849 till 1897 at Nevskii prospekt 4, there was a bookshop which specialized in publishing and selling books and periodicals in the German language. For twenty years (1863-1883), the head of this publishing house was Carl Röttger (1821-1884). His main goal was to provide western readers with information about Russia and to supply Russian readers with information about Western Europe. In August 1872 he launched the monthly German-language journal Russische Revue. Carl Röttger invited mainly prominent scientists and professors, working both in Russia and in Germany, to collaborate with his journal. They wrote original articles and translated the work of the Russian authors as well. Röttger managed to keep the permanent staff of the journal’s authors for more than 20 years. Among them were A. Brukner, A. Schmidt, A. Garkavi, and F. Matto, who contributed to almost every issue of Russische Revue.

The content
This journal aimed at spreading information about the Russian Empire, especially outside the Russian borders. The focus of the journal was history, economics and literature. By means of original articles, essays and translations the journal gave an account of the political, social, economic and scientific life in all parts of the Russian Empire. A good deal of material was devoted to Russian-German relations, Russian trade, transport, industry, and migration.
For instance, F. Matto wrote an overview of Russian foreign and domestic trade and Russian industry in almost every Issue of the journal. Each year a budget of the Russian Empire was published. Every issue had an article devoted to one branch of industry or another, and to banking and finance. The development of telegraphy and the construction of railroads attracted particular attention of the editors.
In addition, every issue contained a statistical description of a city in Russia, such as Warsaw, Viatka, Baku, Tiflis, Samara, Omsk, Irkuts and others. There were also statistical and ethnologic reviews about different regions of the Russian Empire, mainly in Siberia and Central Asia, such as Turkmenistan, Chukotka, etc. In such ethnological material the reader could find descriptions of the customs and traditions of different people, their clothes, etc.
Almost every issue of the journal contained "Kleine Mitteilungen” - a short description of current political and cultural events; and "Literaturbericht" - reviews of recently published books. Vol. 31 includes General register.

In 1883, Carl Röttger went to Germany for medical treatment and died there in 1884. His a son–in law Rudolf Hammershchmidt became editor-in-chief. The journal became more and more commercial. It was published quarterly rather than monthly, and it ceased to exist in 1891.

Von Bakunin zu Lenin

Geschichte der russischen revolutionären Ideologien 1840-1895. 1

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