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Herausforderung Islam

Christliche Annäherungen

Klaus von Stosch

Gehört der Islam zu Europa? Wie soll sich der Westen zum Islam verhalten? Nicht nur der Westen, auch die christliche Theologie tut sich schwer mit dem Islam. Sie schwankt zwischen einem rein religionskundlichen Blick von außen und einer sich rechtfertigenden Abwehrhaltung, die im Grunde nur die Überlegenheit des eigenen Glaubens beweisen will.

Beide Alternativen sind verfehlt. Christliche Theologie ist vielmehr aufgerufen, ehrlich herauszufinden, ob und unter welchen Bedingungen sie den muslimischen Glauben würdigen kann, ohne ihre eigenen Wahrheiten zu verraten. Wie und unter welchen Umständen kann beispielsweise die Rezitation des Korans auch aus christlicher Sicht als Wort Gottes verstanden werden, und können auch Christen in Muhammed einen Menschen sehen, der in den Spuren der Propheten wandelt?

Das vorliegende Buch will genau das leisten: Eine christliche Würdigung des Islams, die gerade die Verschiedenheit beider Religionen als Wert zu entdecken vermag. Es möchte so zu einer Begegnung mit dem Islam einladen, die nicht nur Verstehen, sondern Liebe will – einer Begegnung, die uns hilft, uns selbst im Anderen neu zu entdecken und tiefer zu verstehen.

Erinnerung und Neubeginn

Die Jüdische Gemeinde Münster nach 1945. Ein Selbstporträt

Edited by Sharon Fehr

Die Jüdische Gemeinde Münster nach 1945. Ein Selbstporträt – in Bildern, Erinnerungen, Perspektiven – ein Jubiläumsbuch, das anlässlich des 50-jährigen Jubiläums unseres wiedererrichteten Jüdischen Gemeindezentrums in Münster entstanden ist. Unsere Synagoge war vor fünfzig Jahren der zu Stein gewordene Wille jüdischer Menschen, in Münster und Umgebung zu bleiben – und nicht zu gehen. Jüdisches Leben wurde hier in gemeinsamen Gottesdiensten und Feiern, dem Unterricht für die Kinder und in einer neuen Gemeindestruktur entfaltet, die es ermöglichte, die Neuzuwanderer aufzunehmen. Das Jubiläumsbuch dokumentiert eindrucksvoll und authentisch die Zeit nach 1945 und die Entwicklungen bis zur Gegenwart durch bisher nicht veröffentlichte Erinnerungen, zahlreiche unbekannte Abbildungen, Fotos und Dokumente aus Privatsammlungen und Interviews mit heutigen und ehemaligen Gemeindemitgliedern. Eine bebilderte Chronologie zur Geschichte der Gemeinde, eine ausführliche Bibliografie und ein umfassendes Glossar, zugleich als Einführung in die wichtigsten Grundbegriffe des Judentums, bilden den historischwissenschaftlichen Rahmen unseres Jubiläumsbandes. 'Mögen Deine Augen offen sein über diesem Haus, bei Nacht und bei Tag, über der Stätte, von der Du gesagt hast, dass Dein Name hier wohnen soll.' (König Salomo)

Edited by F. Stanley Jones

This focused collection of essays by international scholars first uncovers the roots of the study of ancient Jewish Christianity in the Enlightenment in early eighteenth-century England, then explores why and how this rediscovery of Jewish Christianity set off the entire modern historical debate over Christian origins. Finally, it examines in detail how this critical impulse made its way to Germany, eventually to flourish in the nineteenth century under F. C. Baur and the Tübingen School. Included is a facsimile reproduction of John Toland’s seminal Nazarenus (1718), which launched the modern study of Jewish Christianity.

Edited by John M. Dillon and Wolfgang Polleichtner

Iamblichus is the only Platonist philosopher whose philosophical letters have survived from the ancient world. These nineteen letters, which are translated into English here for the first time, address such topics as providence, fate, concord, marriage, bringing up children, ingratitude, music, and the cardinal virtues, with some letters addressed to students and others to prominent members of Syrian society and the imperial administration. The letters reflect the concerns of popular moral philosophy and illustrate the more public aspects of Iamblichus’s philosophy. This volume provides a useful complement to Iamblichus: On the Mysteries, and On the Pythagorean Way of Life, both published by the Society of Biblical Literature, and will be of interest to students of late antiquity, of Neoplatonic philosophy, and of early Christianity.

Cornelia Horn and Robert Phenix

This book makes available for the first time in English important works by the anti-Chalcedonian historian and biographer John Rufus on Peter the Iberian, Theodosius of Jerusalem, and Abba Romanus, three key figures of the Christian history of Palestine in the fifth and early sixth centuries C.E. The work offers a new critical edition of the Syriac text; the first-ever published English translation; a substantial introduction to Palestinian monasticism, the christological controversies of the time, and the life and writings of John Rufus; and ample annotations to a Syriac text whose Greek original is no longer available. By providing access to the Christian landscape (literally and metaphorically) in late antique and early Byzantine times, this volume offers a valuable counterbalance from a minority perspective to the biographical and historical writings of the Chalcedonian apologist Cyril of Scythopolis.
Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)

Albert Eichhorn

This work, the inaugural volume in a new SBL series devoted to preserving and promoting
seminal biblical scholarship from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, offers the first
English translation of Albert Eichhorn’s influential Das Abendmahl im Neuen Testament.
Eichhorn’s penetrating analysis of the Lord’s Supper traditions in this work exemplifies the
qualities for which he was so highly esteemed: the sure ability to distinguish layers of
tradition within the text, the full appreciation of the role of early Christian worship in shaping
the reports about Jesus’ life, the forthright acknowledgement of the difficulty of ascertaining
the original historical events, and the unflinching recognition of the influence of Near Eastern
and Hellenistic religions upon Christian tradition, even in its earliest stages. To set Eichhorn
himself in his historical and intellectual context, this volume also offers the first English
translation of Hugo Gressmann’s biographical essay: “Albert Eichhorn and the History of
Religion School.”

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)

Philostorgius

Church History

Philip Amidon

Philostorgius (born 368 C.E.) was a member of the Eunomian sect of Christianity, a nonconformist faction deeply opposed to the form of Christianity adopted by the Roman government as the official religion of its empire. He wrote his twelve-book Church History, the critical edition of the surviving remnants of which is presented here in English translation, at the beginning of the fifth century as a revisionist history of the church and the empire in the fourth and early-fifth centuries. Sometimes contradicting and often supplementing what is found in other histories of the period, Christian or otherwise, it offers a rare dissenting picture of the Christian world of the time.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)

The "Belly-Myther" of Endor

Interpretations of 1 Kingdoms 28 in the Early Church

Rowan Greer and Margaret Mitchell

The story of Saul and the woman at Endor in 1 Samuel 28 (LXX 1 Kingdoms 28) lay at the center of energetic disputes among early Christian authors about the nature and fate of the soul, the source of prophetic gifts, and biblical truth. In addition to providing the original texts and fresh translations of works by Origen, Eustathius of Antioch (not previously translated into English), and six other authors, Greer and Mitchell offer an insightful introduction to and detailed analysis of the rhetorical cast and theological stakes involved in early church debates on this notoriously difficult passage.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)

The Curve of the Sacred

An Exploration of Human Spirituality

Constantin V. Ponomareff and Kenneth A. Bryson

This interdisciplinary book examines the nature of spirituality and the role it plays in the search for meaning. Spirituality is a loving tendency towards the sacred. In a secular environment, the sacred is taken to be a power greater than self. In a religious environment, the Sacred refers to God, or Higher Power. The book examines the developments of the s/Sacred in great works of art and literature, as well as in medicine, theology, psychology, philosophy, and religion. Spirituality also functions as an unloving tendency towards disunity, or a force for evil.
The first part of the book examines the ways of the spiritual as a force for good and evil. We have just witnessed one of the bloodiest centuries in human history. The experience of two World Wars leaves a legacy of brokenness: “Where Nossack’s reminiscences bore poetic, compassionate, and personal witness to the disaster, Eliot’s poetry reads more like a sacred and religious poem taking contemporary Western European civilization to task—much like the biblical prophets of old—for its spiritual bankruptcy.” Albert Einstein, Edvard Munch’s Madonna, and Carl Jung’s ‘unconscious’ touch the curve of the Sacred in more promising places.
The second part examines how the search for meaning works. The distinction between being human and being a person plays a central role in the life of the spiritual; “…the spiritual is manifest in the activities taking place in the central self. The central self is the locus of all thoughts, feelings, acts of reason and judgment, conscious and unconscious processes alike. The central self is the place where social relationships and environmental relationships are processed. The essential feature of the central self is that it does not exist outside these processes.” The same spiritual energies that light up great works of art also light up our destructive side, only the associations’ change.

Ancient Fiction

The Matrix of Early Christian and Jewish Narrative

Edited by Jo-Ann Brant, Charles W. Hedrick and Chris Shea

The essays in this volume examine the relationship between ancient fiction in the Greco-Roman world and early Jewish and Christian narratives. They consider how those narratives imitated or exploited conventions of fiction to produce forms of literature that expressed new ideas or shaped community identity within the shifting social and political climates of their own societies. Major authors and texts surveyed include Chariton, Shakespeare, Homer, Vergil, Plato, Matthew, Mark, Luke, Daniel, 3 Maccabees, the Testament of Abraham, rabbinic midrash, the Apocryphal Acts, Ezekiel the Tragedian, and the Sophist Aelian. This diverse collection reveals and examines prevalent issues and syntheses in the making: the pervasive use and subversive power of imitation, the distinction between fiction and history, and the use of history in the expression of identity. The contributors are Jo-Ann A. Brant, J. R. C. Cousland, Ruben Rene Dupertuis, Noah Hacham, Gerhard van den Heever, Ronald F. Hock, Tawny L. Holm, Sara R. Johnson, Jared W. Ludlow, Dennis R. MacDonald, Chaim Milikowsky, Judith B. Perkins, Richard I. Pervo, Gareth Schmeling, and Chris Shea.

Paperback edition is available from the Society of Biblical Literature (www.sbl-site.org)