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In this revised edition of Moral Conflicts of Organ Retrieval: A Case for Constructive Pluralism, Charles Hinkley elaborates on his moral philosophy of constructive pluralism and updates the literature on organ retrieval strategies. Hinkley challenges a deeply entrenched moral triad: 1) moral values are comparable; 2) the weighing metaphor helps us conceptualize decisions regarding conflicting values; and 3) there is a single best discoverable response to a moral decision. This book offers an alternative—cases of incomparability, a constructing or making metaphor, and multiple permissible responses to some moral questions. Constructive pluralism has important implications for organ transplantation, health, and ethics.
Form, Technique and Function
This study presents an overview of the wooden furniture that has come to light since the rediscovery of Herculaneum in the 18th century, with an emphasis on the form, function and the techniques employed. The combination of comments in the excavation reports with the information derived from the surviving pieces of furniture and fittings made of other materials as well as indications for the presence of furniture in the architecture and decoration of the houses, offers a representative idea of the role of wooden furniture in the interior arrangements of the houses at Herculaneum.
This book offers a synoptic introduction to an important chapter of Polish 20th century philosophy, by introducing the studies of Kazimierz Twardowski, Tadeusz Czeżowski, Tadeusz Kotarbiński, Władysław Tatarkiewicz, Roman Ingarden, Henryk Elzenberg, Maria Ossowska, and Józef Maria Bocheński and how they contributed to value theory, ethics and aesthetics. These philosophers differed in their more definite interests, methodological approaches, and main results and yet their investigations share a number of characteristic features. Questions of value, considered as extremely vital, are treated with care and precision. In spite of the richness of their insights and an impressive number of detailed results these philosophers refrain from hasty conclusions, trying here, as elsewhere, to conduct their studies in an intellectually and morally responsible way.
Ideengeschichtliche, rechtsphilosophische und ethische Beiträge. 2. ergänzte Auflage
Series:  ethica, Volume: 5
Spätestens seit der Beteiligung deutscher Soldaten am Kosovo-Krieg im Jahr 1999 hat ein verstärktes Nachdenken über die Problematik der Ethik militärischer Einsätze auch in Deutschland begonnen. Angesichts der Greuel und Massaker in vielen Teilen der Welt hat sich ein strikter, jede Form der Gewaltausübung ablehnender Pazifismus als unbefriedigende Haltung gegenüber diesen Schrecken erwiesen. Es stellt sich jedoch die Frage, was eine sinnvolle Alternative sein könnte. Die Wiederbesinnung auf Theorien gerechter Krieg e stellte sich als eine der möglichen Antworten heraus. Mit Beiträgen von: Matteo Fornari, Otfried Höffe, Dieter Janssen, James Turner Johnson, Ulrike Kleemeier, Frank Köhler, Barbara Merker, Michael Quante, Ludwig Siep, Suzanne Uniacke.
An International Perspective
Editor: Phyllis Katz
This book argues for the essential use of drawing as a tool for science teaching and learning. The authors are working in schools, universities, and continual science learning (CSL) settings around the world. They have written of their experiences using a variety of prompts to encourage people to take pen to paper and draw their thinking—sometimes direct observation and in other instances, their memories. The result is a collection of research and essays that offer theory, techniques, outcomes, and models for the reader.
Young children have provided evidence of the perceptions that they have accumulated from families and the media before they reach classrooms. Secondary students describe their ideas of chemistry and physics. Teacher educators use drawings to consider the progress of their undergraduates’ understanding of science teaching and even their moral/ethical responses to teaching about climate change. Museum visitors have drawn their understanding of the physics of how exhibit sounds are transmitted. A physician explains how the history of drawing has been a critical tool to medical education and doctor-patient communications. Each chapter contains samples, insights, and where applicable, analysis techniques.
The chapters in this book should be helpful to researchers and teachers alike, across the teaching and learning continuum. The sections are divided by the kinds of activities for which drawing has historically been used in science education:
- An instance of observation (Audubon, Linnaeus);
- A process (how plants grow over time, what happens when chemicals combine);
- Conceptions of what science is and who does it;
- Images of identity development in science teaching and learning.
STEPS to STEM – Student Science Notebook
A “Sci-Book” or “Science Notebook” serves as an essential companion to the science curriculum supplement, STEPS to STEM. As students learn key concepts in the seven “big ideas” in this program (Electricity & Magnetism; Air & Flight; Water & Weather; Plants & Animals; Earth & Space; Matter & Motion; Light & Sound), they record their ideas, plans, and evidence. There is ample space for students to keep track of their observations and findings, as well as a section to reflect upon the use of “Science and Engineering Practices” as set forth in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).
Using a science notebook is reflective of the behavior of scientists. One of the pillars of the Nature of Science is that scientists must document their work to publish their research results; it is a necessary part of the scientific enterprise. This is important because STEPS to STEM is a program for young scientists who learn within a community of scientists. Helping students to think and act like scientists is a critical feature of this program. Students learn that they need to keep a written record if they are to successfully share their discoveries and curiosities with their classmates and with the teacher. Teachers should also model writing in science to help instill a sense of purpose and pride in using and maintaining a Sci-Book. Lastly, students’ documentation can serve as a valuable form of authentic assessment; teachers can utilize Sci-Books to monitor the learning process and the development of science skills.
Mit einer Neuausgabe des »Figura«-Aufsatzes von Erich Auerbach. 2. Auflage
Der erste Band der Reihe Medien und Mimesis, hier in zweiter, korrigierter Auflage, entfaltet das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen mimetischer Wirklichkeitsdarstellung und ihrer geschichtsphilosophischen Deutung.
Mit seiner 1938 entwickelten Figuraldeutung stellt Erich Auerbach ein Modell zur Verfügung, das literarische Mimesis als eine „vorausdeutende Gestalt des Zukünftigen“ zu begreifen erlaubt. Dieses Spannungsverhältnis zwischen einer Mimesis des Alltäglichen und ihrer geschichtsphilosophischen Deutung hat Konsequenzen weit über die Literaturgeschichte hinaus. Der Band macht Auerbachs Figura-Aufsatz zum ersten Mal mit der deutschen Übersetzung der zahlreichen fremdsprachigen Belegstellen verfügbar und etabliert ihn als zentralen Text einer Theorie minderer Mimesis.
Christliche Annäherungen. 3. Auflage
Gehört der Islam zu Europa? Wie soll sich der Westen zum Islam verhalten? Nicht nur der Westen, auch die christliche Theologie tut sich schwer mit dem Islam. Sie schwankt zwischen einem rein religionskundlichen Blick von außen und einer sich rechtfertigenden Abwehrhaltung, die im Grunde nur die Überlegenheit des eigenen Glaubens beweisen will.
Beide Alternativen sind verfehlt. Christliche Theologie ist vielmehr aufgerufen, ehrlich herauszufinden, ob und unter welchen Bedingungen sie den muslimischen Glauben würdigen kann, ohne ihre eigenen Wahrheiten zu verraten. Wie und unter welchen Umständen kann beispielsweise die Rezitation des Korans auch aus christlicher Sicht als Wort Gottes verstanden werden, und können auch Christen in Muhammed einen Menschen sehen, der in den Spuren der Propheten wandelt?
Das vorliegende Buch will genau das leisten: Eine christliche Würdigung des Islams, die gerade die Verschiedenheit beider Religionen als Wert zu entdecken vermag. Es möchte so zu einer Begegnung mit dem Islam einladen, die nicht nur Verstehen, sondern Liebe will – einer Begegnung, die uns hilft, uns selbst im Anderen neu zu entdecken und tiefer zu verstehen.