Encyclopædia Iranica is dedicated to the study of Iranian civilization in the Middle East, the Caucasus, Central Asia, and the Indian Subcontinent. It also includes scholarly articles related to the reciprocal influences between Persia and its neighbors, extending from pre-history to the present. The disciplines represented include: anthropology, archaeology, geography, art history, ethnology, sociology, economics, history of religion, philosophy, mysticism, history of science and medicine, Islamic history, botany, zoology, folklore, development of agriculture and industry, political science, international relations, and diplomatic history.
The Third Edition of Brill's Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI3), the preeminent reference work in the field, began publication in the spring of 2007. EI3 is an entirely new work, which rigorously maintains the comprehensiveness and reliability of the great multivolume set, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. The EI3 appears in substantial parts each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world. Entries from the Encyclopaedia of Islam THREE (EI3) are bundled annually in a yearbook.
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History — to be published in 15 volumes — offers 400 years of early modern history in one work. Experts from all over the world have joined in a presentation of the scholarship on the great era between the mid-15th to the mid-19th centuries. The perspective is European. That does not mean, however, that the view on the rest of the world is blocked. On the contrary: the multifaceted interrelatedness of European and other cultures is scrutinized extensively.
Encyclopedia of Early Modern History addresses major historical questions:
- which ideas, inventions, and events changed people’s lives?
- in which ways did living conditions change?
- how do political, social, and economic developments interlock?
- which major cultural currents have begun to become apparent?
- how did historical interpretation of certain phenomena change?
The individual articles are connected to one another as in a web of red threads. The reader who follows the threads will keep coming upon new and unexpected contexts and links.
This is an English translation of the well-known German-language
Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit, published by Metzler Verlag.
Volumes 1-7 have been published in 2016-2019. The upcoming volumes are:
Volume 8: Lauda - Migratory labor
Volume 9: Military - Occultism
Volume 10: Occupation - Politica Christiana
Volume 11: Political journal - Religion, critique of
Volume 12: Religion, history of - Settlers' report
Volume 13: Seven Years' War - Symbol
Volume 14: Symphony - Uomo universale
Volume 15: Urban administration- Zunft revolution, Concluding chapters
Where can you find information about the Vulgate or Qohelet, the Septuagint of Esther, or the Targum of Jeremiah? Which biblical book was translated into which languages? What is the manuscript evidence and the text-critical? value of each language tradition?
In textual criticism today, the study of the versions and of different manuscripts traditions has become fragmented. With such fragmentation of expertise come boundaries that make communication between the various subfields increasingly difficult.
THB brings together all available information regarding the textual history and character, translation techniques, manuscripts, and the importance of each textual witness for each biblical and deutero-canonical book.
The Textual History of the Bible comprises:
Volumes 1A, 1B and 1C: The Hebrew Bible (129 authors, 340 articles and c.2000 pages)
Volumes 2A, 2B, 2C: Deuterocanonical Scriptures (110 authors, 240 articles and c.1300 pages)
Volumes 3 A, 3B, 3C and 3D: A Companion to Textual Criticism
- 3A: The History of Research of Textual Criticism (2021)
- 3B: Modern Printed Editions of the Hebrew Bible, Its Versions, and Cognate Scriptures (2022/2023)
- 3C: Theory and Practice of Textual Criticism (2024)
- 3D: Science, Technology and Textual Criticism (2022/2023)
Textual History of the Bible is also available
Brill’s Encyclopedia of Buddhism is the first comprehensive academic reference work devoted to the plurality of Buddhist traditions across Asia, offering readers a balanced and detailed treatment of this complex phenomenon in six thematically arranged volumes: literature and languages (I, publ. 2015), lives (II, publ. 2019), thought (III forthcoming 2022), history (IV, forthcoming 2023), life and practice (V, forthcoming 2025), index and remaining issues (VI, forthcoming 2026).
Each volume contains substantial original essays by many of the world’s foremost scholars, essays which not only cover basic information and well-known issues but which also venture into areas as yet untouched by modern scholarship. An essential tool for anyone interested in Buddhism.
An online resource will provide easy access to the encyclopedia’s ever-growing corpus of information.
Brill’s Encyclopedia of Buddhism is under the general editorial control of
Jonathan Silk (
Leiden University, editor-in-chief),
Richard Bowring (
University of Cambridge) and
Vincent Eltschinger (
École Pratique des Hautes Études, Paris). In addition, each volume has a dedicated board of specialist editors.
Brill’s Third Edition of the globally respected Encyclopaedia of Islam (EI3), the preeminent reference work in the field, began publication in the spring of 2007. EI3 is an entirely new work, which rigorously maintains the comprehensiveness and reliability of the great multivolume set, with new articles reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship. The EI3 appears in substantial parts each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century, attention to Muslim minorities all over the world, full attention to social science as well as humanistic perspectives.
Brill's New Pauly Supplements is a series of additional reference works complementing the information of Brill's New Pauly. Taking a variety of approaches, each volume provides scholars quick access to a wealth of indepth knowledge on subjects from chronological lists of rulers of the ancient world, a biographical dictionary of classists who have made their mark on scholarship, to an historical atlas and encyclopedia-type works on the reception of myth and classical literature.
These Supplements are also available online, visit
Brill's New Pauly Supplements Online for more information.
The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics represents a unique collaboration of a few hundred scholars from around the world. It covers all relevant aspects of the study of Arabic and deals with all levels of the language (pre-Classical Arabic, Classical Arabic, Modern Standard Arabic, Arabic vernaculars, mixed varieties of Arabic).
No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage. The Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is an essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of linguistics, Islamic studies, Arabic literature and other related fields.
Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics is also available online,
click here for more information.
Religion Past and Present (RPP) is a complete, updated English translation of the 4th edition of the definitive encyclopedia of religion worldwide, the peerless
Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (RGG). Including the latest developments in research,
Religion Past and Present encompasses a vast range of subjects connected with religion. This great resource, now at last available in English, continues the tradition of deep knowledge and authority relied upon by generations of scholars in religious, theological, and biblical studies.
Religion Past and Present indisputably belongs to the small class of essential reference works.
• RGG has been a standard reference work since the publication of the first edition in 1908
• Strongly international, cross-cultural and ecumenical, written by over 3,000 authors from 88 countries
• Covers an unparalleled breadth of subject matter in theological and biblical studies
• Up-to-date research and bibliographies make it an indispensable resource for all levels of users
• Interdisciplinary articles cover a wide range of topics from history, archaeology, liturgy, law, bible, music, visual arts, politics, social sciences, natural sciences, ethics, and philosophy
• The 4th edition of RGG, the basis of the RPP translation, includes hundreds of new entries on Eastern religions and other religious subjects. The editors of RPP have added a number of articles and revised others for a global English-speaking readership
• Short definitions and cross-references enable quick and easy searching
• Over 15,000 entries and 8 million words
• 13 volumes and an index
A unique collaboration of over 1000 scholars from around the world, the
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures crosses history, geographic borders and disciplines to create a ground-breaking reference work reflecting the very latest research on gender studies and the Islamic world.
No other reference work offers this scale of contributions or depth and breadth of coverage.
Since its publication,
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures is the essential reference work for students and researchers in the fields of gender studies, Middle Eastern and Islamic studies, as well as scholars of religion, history, politics, anthropology, geography and related disciplines.
This encyclopedia consists of six volumes (including an Index volume), published from 2003 to 2007.
As of 2020, EWIC is supplemented by the
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures 2010-2020. The EWIC 2010-2020 consist of all new entries on ground-breaking contemporary research topics, such as social media, security regimes, cinema, diaspora studies, Hip-Hop & Rap, Queer movements, Islamophobia and masculinity. EWIC 2010-2020 collects all the articles from ten years of
Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures Online, into a nine-volume set – eight volumes of articles and one volume for the collective index.
EWIC 2010-2020 offers 289 articles, written by 292 authors, covering 126 topics. Cumulatively, this is nearly two million words.