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Poissons qui grimpent aux arbres, cigognes qui prennent soin de leurs parents… A l’ère prémoderne, les textes et les arts visuels forment un fabuleux bestiaire qui révèle l’inventivité et la richesse de la réflexion sur les animaux. Les études de ce volume vous font découvrir l’animal dans tous ses états : est-il une simple image anthropomorphique de l’homme ? Un modèle à suivre ? Ou même un être autonome, égal ou supérieur à l’homme ? Explorant une diversité de textes – fables, poésie, roman, récits de voyage, emblèmes – et de médias visuels – peinture, tapisserie, bijouterie –, ce volume montre les fructueux échanges prémodernes entre l’histoire naturelle et les arts. En interrogeant implicitement la nécessité de dépasser l’anthropocentrisme et l’anthropomorphisme régnants, il s’inscrit dans les nouvelles tendances de la critique culturelle.

Fish climbing trees, storks taking care of their parents… Premodern textual and visual culture presents us with a fabulous bestiary that reveals ingenious and rich reflections on the animal kingdom. The studies united in this volume will allow you to discover animals in all their possible states: are they simple anthropomorphic images of man? Models to follow? Or autonomous beings, equal or even superior to man? By exploring a large diversity of texts ¬– fables, poetry, novels, travel narratives, emblematic works – and visual media – paintings, tapestries, jewellery –, this richly illustrated volume displays the fruitful premodern exchanges between natural history and culture. It follows new trends in cultural criticism by implicitly interrogating the need to move beyond the reigning paradigms of anthropocentrism and anthropomorphism.
Author: Louise Quillien
Textiles were one of the most celebrated products of Near-Eastern craft in Antiquity. In Histoire des Textiles en Babylonie, 626–484 av. J.-C., Louise Quillien offers an analysis of textile manufacturing, exchanges and uses in Babylonian society. In a context where archaeological textile remains are rare, cuneiform texts provide rich information on this craft. The book demonstrates that through the study of objects, it is possible to highlight a whole section of the economy, culture, religion and social customs of an ancient society, and proposes to immerse the reader in the daily life of the inhabitants of Mesopotamia.
Volume Editors: Brigitte le Juez and Metka Zupančič
Dans une perspective innovante et interdisciplinaire (éthique, mythocritique, sociocritique, psychanalyse, théories du genre), des figures mythiques féminines et autres, révélatrices de notre regard sur le monde, sont ici analysées sous les aspects variés de leurs transformations dans la littérature, le cinéma et à travers des événements historiques de ce dernier siècle. Les treize auteures des essais qui composent ce volume, venues de dix pays et de quatre continents, présentent la manière dont les mythes grecs, bibliques, africains – parfois sources de nouveaux mythes nés de conflits ou traumatismes modernes – permettent de rendre visibles les paradigmes de pensée qui conditionnent les rapports humains, surtout la perception du corps encore sous l’emprise d’un imaginaire collectif soumis à la domination patriarcale.

Within an innovative and interdisciplinary framework including ethics, myth criticism, sociocriticism, psychoanalysis and gender theories, mythical figures, feminine and others that reveal the ways we perceive the world, are being analyzed in light of the various aspects pertaining to their transformations through the literature, cinema and historical events of this past century. The contributors of the thirteen essays that comprise the present volume, originating from ten countries and four continents, elaborate the manner in which Greek, Biblical and African myths, occasionally generating new myths borne out of contemporary conflicts or traumas – unveil the belief systems that define human relationships, in particular the perception of the body, still subject to a collective imaginary conditioned by the patriarchal supremacy.
Longuement, la question de la productivité du mouvement surréaliste français sur l’œuvre de Samuel Beckett fut débattue, polarisée entre rejet et acceptation péremptoire. Cette possible influence trouve un point d’appui important dans Samuel Beckett dans les marges du surréalisme, découvrant une œuvre faite de reprises et d’emprunts de la poésie surréaliste.
Par un dépouillement attentif des archives beckettiennes incluant correspondance, cahiers préparatoires et publications en revue, Bernard-Olivier Posse propose une méthode philologique mêlant analyse littéraire et perspective sociologique propice à reconsidérer la posture auctoriale de Samuel Beckett.

The question of how influential the French surrealist movement has been on the work of Samuel Beckett has been debated for a long time but the answers were only made of peremptory oppositions : either rejection or acceptation. Samuel Beckett dans les marges du surréalisme aims to demonstrate the (ambiguous) way Beckett works with surrealist poetry by a play of quotations which are always repeated, always altered.
Based on research on Beckettian archives such as his correspondence, preparatory notes and publications in journals, this book combines literary analysis and sociological perspective in order to understand how Beckett deals with his self-representation as a writer.
L’écolâtre cathédral en France septentrionale du ixe au xiiie siècle
Author: Thierry Kouamé
This book traces the history of one of the central actors in the transformation of the Western educational system between the 9th and 13th centuries: the cathedral schoolmaster. Originally responsible for running the episcopal school, this ecclesiastical official eventually became a true school administrator with a territorial monopoly and coercive powers, including in particular issuing ‘licentia docendi’ to masters under his jurisdiction. Using a wide range of sources and taking in thirty-nine dioceses in northern France, the study analyses the construction of the office from the Carolingian period, the place of the schoolmaster within the canonical community and in feudal society, and the institutionalisation of his function with the Gregorian Reform and the birth of universities.