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The Codification of Islamic Criminal Law in the Sudan

Penal Codes and Supreme Court Case Law under Numayrī and Bashīr

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Olaf Köndgen

In The Codification of Islamic Criminal Law in the Sudan, Olaf Köndgen offers an in-depth analysis of the Sudan’s Islamized penal codes of 1983 and 1991, their historical, political, and juridical context, their interpretation in the case law of the Supreme Court, and their practical application. He examines issues that arise in sharīʿa criminal law, including homicide, bodily harm, unlawful sexual intercourse ( zinā, liwāṭ), rape, unfounded accusation of unlawful sexual intercourse ( qadhf), highway robbery ( ḥirāba), apostasy ( ridda), and alcohol consumption.

Drawing on a wide range of primary and secondary sources, a large number of previously untapped Supreme Court cases, and interviews with judges and politicians, Köndgen convincingly explains the multiple contradictions and often surprising aspects of one of the Arab world’s longest lasting applications of codified sharīʿa criminal law.

Olaf Köndgen won the DAVO Dissertation Prize 2014 for his Ph.D. thesis.

"This extremely well-documented study represents a milestone for the discussion of Islamic criminal law in the Muslim world as a whole and in the Sudan especially. Olaf Köndgen fills an academic void; his work deserves the greatest recognition, for its extraordinary quality, its thoroughness and systematic approach."
Prof. Günter Meyer, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz

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Edited by Egdunas Racius and Antonina Zhelyazkova

In Islamic Leadership in the European Lands of the Former Ottoman and Russian Empires the history and contemporary development of Islamic leadership in over a dozen of Eastern European countries is analysed. The studies are presented through a double prism: the institutional structures of the Muslim communities and the place of the muftiates in the current national constellations on one hand, and the dimension of the spiritual guidance emanating from the muftiates on the other. The latter includes aspects such as the muftiates’ powers and role in supervision of mosques and other religious institutions, production, dissemination and control of religious knowledge and discussions on traditional and non-traditional forms of Islam engaged in by the muftiates.

This is the first comprehensive edited volume on the subject.

Contributors are: Srđan Barišić, Ayder Bulatov, Marko Hadjdinjak, Olsi Jazexhi, Memli Sh. Krasniqi, Armend Mehmeti, Dino Mujadžević, Agata S. Nalborczyk, Egdūnas Račius, Aziz Nazmi Shakir, Vitalii Shchepanskyi, Jakob Skovgaard-Petersen, Daša Slabčanka, Aid Smajić, Irina Vainovski-Mihai, Mykhaylo Yakubovych, and Galina Yemelianova.

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Yoon Jin Shin

In A Transnational Human Rights Approach to Human Trafficking: Empowering the Powerless, Yoon Jin Shin proposes an innovative approach to empower individuals victimized by human trafficking, one of the most serious human rights challenges in today’s world of globalization and migration. Based on thorough empirical research and extensive comparative studies, Shin illuminates complex realities of migrant individuals experiencing trafficking situations and the problems of the current anti-trafficking regime driven by destination countries’ self-interest in crime and border control. Shin suggests an alternative transnational human rights framework, in which victimized migrants, who have been treated as passive targets of victim-witness protection or immigration regulation, finally attain their true voices as empowered rights-holders and effectively exercise their human, civil, and labor rights.

Shin received the 2014-2015 Ambrose Gherini Prize, the highest prize awarded in the field of International Law by Yale Law School, for her doctoral dissertation on which this book is based.

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Edited by Yoram Dinstein

The Israel Yearbook on Human Rights- an annual published under the auspices of the Faculty of Law of Tel Aviv University since 1971- is devoted to publishing studies by distinguished scholars in Israel and other countries on human rights in peace and war, with particular emphasis on problems relevant to the State of Israel and the Jewish people. The Yearbook also incorporates documentary materials relating to Israel and the Administered Areas which are not otherwise available in English (including summaries of judicial decisions, compilations of legislative enactments and military proclamations).

Judicial Dialogue on Human Rights

The Practice of International Criminal Tribunals

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Edited by Paolo Lobba and Triestino Mariniello

Judicial Dialogue on Human Rights offers a critical legal perspective on the manner in which international criminal tribunals select, (re-)interpret and apply the principles and standards formulated by the European Court of Human Rights. A part of the book is devoted to testing the assumption that the current practice of cross-referencing, though widespread, is incoherent in method and erratic in substance. Notable illustrations analysed in the book include the nullum crimen principle, prohibition of torture, hearsay evidence and victims’ rights. Another section of the book seeks to devise a methodologically sound ‘grammar’ of judicial dialogue, focussing on how and when human rights concepts may be transferred into the context of international criminal justice.

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Jonathan Power

This volume offers a history of one of the most important issues of our age. It begins with an analysis of the characters of Adolf Eichmann and Heinrich Himmler, the two men in charge of “the Final Solution”. It moves on to look at the role played by some of Africa’s war criminals and also offers portraits of alleged war criminals from the Western world, including the self-confessed war criminal Robert McNamara who led the war in Vietnam on behalf of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. The book also tracks the wars and genocide in, and subsequent international criminal law trials relating to Cambodia and the former Yugoslavia. In a final chapter, it asks the question: can human rights be pursued by making war?

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Mohamed El Kouhene

Nouvelle édition avec préface du Prince Hassan bin Talal.

La protection de l’individu dans les situations de conflits armés et sa protection dans les situations de paix ont été scindées pour des raisons historiques, sociales, juridiques et politiques. Mohamed El Kouhene confronte ces deux branches de droit international que les développements récents rapprochent de manière substantielle. Il les compare sous l’angle des droits les plus fondamentaux de la personne et les met en relation sous leur aspect le plus délicat, à savoir les régimes de protection, leur portée, leurs interdépendances. Bien qu’ils constituent deux systèmes juridiques distincts, le droit international humanitaire et le droit international des droits de l’homme forment, plus que jamais, un faisceau de normes et de mécanismes de protection complémentaires. Cette approche complémentariste défendue par l’auteur dans la première édition du livre en 1986 ne s’est pas démentie au fil des ans. Au contraire elle a prospéré sous l’influence mutuelle de la doctrine, du législateur et du juge internationaux. Le sujet est toujours d’actualité, plus que jamais dirions-nous, car dans l’environnement sombre où nous vivons, la communauté internationale se doit de mobiliser tout l’arsenal juridique dont elle dispose pour sauvegarder et faire respecter les règles qui protègent l’humanité. Ce livre est une réédition du texte original avec une introduction et une préface nouvelles.

"Eminent expert en droit international qui a consacré sa carrière à la réflexion et à l’action humanitaire, mon collègue Mohamed El Kouhene est idéalement placé pour présenter la complémentarité du droit international humanitaire et du droit international des droits de l’homme. Son ouvrage est un outil essentiel pour comprendre les règles et les mécanismes qui nous permettent de mieux protéger notre humanité. A lire absolument! "
Catherine Bertini, Directrice exécutive du Programme alimentaire mondial des Nations Unies de 1992 à 2002.

Couronné par le Prix Paul Reuter 1985 Décerné par le Comité International de la Croix-Rouge.

Summary in English:
The protection of the individual in situations of armed conflict and his protection in situations of peace were split, for historical, social, political, and legal reasons. Dr Mohamed El Kouhene confronts these two branches of international law that recent developments have brought closer in a substantial way. He compares them from the perspective of the most fundamental rights of the person and puts them in relationship under their most sensitive aspect, namely the protection systems, their scope, their interdependencies. Although they are two separate legal systems, humanitarian law and human rights constitute, more than ever, a set of complementary standards and protection mechanisms.
This complementarity approach defended by the author in the first edition of the book in 1986 has not wavered over the years. On the contrary it flourished under the mutual influence of the doctrine and the international legislators and judges. The topic is still relevant, more than ever should we say, because in the dark environment where we live, the international community must mobilize all legal arsenals available to it to safeguard and enforce the rules that protect humanity.
This book is a re-issued version of the original text with new introduction and preface.


Migration on the Move

Essays on the Dynamics of Migration

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Edited by Carolus Grütters, Sandra Mantu and Paul Minderhoud

Migration on the Move examines the dynamics of migration and asylum law over the past two decades and highlights profound changes that have taken place in these fields as a result of growing EU competences to deal with migration and asylum questions. The book maps the transformation of the migration field by focusing on three interrelated issues: the effects of Europeanization and the shifting power relations that it implies; placing Europe’s laws and policies in a global migration context, and critically examining to whom ‘project’ Europe belongs. The contributors offer a multidisciplinary analysis of key aspects of the migration and refugee crisis and their implications for policies, principles of law, and the treatment of people in Europe today.

The EU as a Global Actor - Bridging Legal Theory and Practice

Liber Amicorum in honour of Ricardo Gosalbo Bono

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Edited by Jenő Czuczai and Frederik Naert

Human Rights Protection by the ECtHR and the ECJ

A Comparative Analysis in Light of the Equivalency Doctrine

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Elisa Ravasi

In her manuscript Elisa Ravasi examines how the ECtHR responds to the growing challenges of overlapping legal systems. She focuses, in particular, on the relationship between the ECHR and EU law. First, she systematically analyses 10 years of ECtHR jurisprudence on the principle of equivalent protection and develops an innovative analysis scheme for its application. Afterwards, she examines the equivalency of the human rights protection provided by the ECJ in light of the minimum standards of the ECHR in three specific fields (naming law, ne bis in idem and equality of arms). Finally, she considers whether the presumption of equivalent protection of the ECtHR in favour of the EU is still justified.