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Pouvoir impérial et vertus philosophiques

L’évolution de la figure du bon prince sous le Haut-Empire

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Anne Gangloff

In Pouvoir impérial et vertus philosophiques. L’évolution de la figure du bon prince sous le Haut-Empire, Anne Gangloff offers a thorough analysis of the Roman political thought, examining the way in which the good prince is described from the Julio-Claudians to the end of the third century. Her focus is on the evolution of the prince’s virtues, on the communication of these virtues, and on relationships between the prince and the intellectuals in his entourage. She highlights the emergence of a real tradition of Roman political thought, which influenced more or less emperors themselves. Dans Pouvoir impérial et vertus philosophiques. L’évolution de la figure du bon prince sous le Haut-Empire, Anne Gangloff propose une analyse précise de la pensée politique romaine, à travers la manière dont la figure du bon prince est décrite depuis les Julio-Claudiens jusqu’à la fin du IIIe siècle. Sont examinés l’évolution et la communication des vertus du prince, ainsi que les rapports entre celui-ci et les intellectuels de son entourage. La naissance d’une véritable tradition de pensée politique romaine, qui a exercé plus ou moins d’influence sur les empereurs eux-mêmes, est ainsi mise en lumière.

Le plaisir à l’épreuve de la pensée

Lecture du Protagoras, du Gorgias et du Philèbe de Platon

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Emmanuelle Jouët-Pastré

Que peut bien répondre Socrate à celui qui, comme Calliclès, déclare, toute honte bue, que la vie bonne consiste dans la satisfaction de tous les plaisirs sans frein ni limite aucune ? Quel logos opposer à la puissante évidence du plaisir, surtout lorsque ceux qui la proclament haut et fort refusent de jouer le jeu du dialogue ? Comment dépasser l’opposition si tenace entre plaisir et raison ? Le plaisir à l’épreuve de la pensée explore le lien complexe tissé par Platon entre plaisir et pensée dans le Protagoras, le Gorgias et le Philèbe, trois dialogues où Socrate essaie par tous les moyens d’amener ses interlocuteurs à formuler dans un discours argumenté ce qui à leurs yeux ne fait que s'éprouver : la positivité du plaisir. Cet effort, loin de n'avoir qu'une visée réfutative par laquelle le philosophe chercherait à montrer les limites d'une éthique du plaisir, tente de renouer le lien entre ce qui paraissait d'abord incompatible : le plaisir et la pensée.

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Carolle Tresson-Metry

The radical aporetism of the treatise on first principles written by the Neoplatonic philosopher Damascius may be understood as a unique approach to understand, in different ways and on an extremely high and abstract level, not only these principles but also ourselves as thinkers. In the quest to grasp ultimate reality, this treatise is also a deep reflection on the processes and limitations of human thought in relation to supreme principles. Damascius uncovers the many concealed snares of language, the limitations of our cognitive apparatus, and the common misconceptions about first principles, thereby revealing the underlying reasons for our aporias as well as their protreptic meaning and redeeming function. This study offers a new and positive reading of Damascius’ equally extreme and fascinating aporetic philosophy.

L’aporétique radicale du traité des Principes Premiers du néoplatonicien Damaskios doit être comprise comme étant l’unique voie d’accès vers une compréhension différente, supérieure et purifiée des principes premiers et de nous-mêmes. Autant qu’une quête des réalités primordiales, ce traité est une réflexion sur les processus et les limites de la pensée humaine dans ses rapports avec les principes premiers. Ce présent livre montre les raisons du surgissement de telles apories, leur sens et leur rôle paradoxalement salvateur en dénonçant les plus hautes imperfections de nos discours, les pièges insoupçonnés de nos mécanismes cognitifs et l’inadéquation funeste de nos conceptions concernant les premiers principes. Le résultat est un regard neuf et une compréhension dédramatisée de cette aporétique extrême et fascinante.

La démonologie platonicienne

Histoire de la notion de daimōn de Platon aux derniers néoplatoniciens

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Andrei Timotin

This book, a history of a religious category of ancient philosophy, is the first synthesis on the notion of daimōn in the Platonic tradition. Platonic demonology is a body of doctrine that constantly reorganized and redefined itself, from the Old Academy to the last Neoplatonists, by reinterpreting Plato’s texts concerning demons. The present work illuminates the modus operandi of this exegesis by analysing the relationship between demonology and, respectively, cosmology, the philosophical hermeneutics of religion, and theories of the soul.
This study aims to provide a better understanding of the attempts to rationalize and to define the religious phenomenon in Late Antiquity.

Histoire d’une catégorie religieuse de la philosophie ancienne, ce livre représente la première synthèse sur la notion de daimōn dans la tradition platonicienne. La démonologie platonicienne constitue un corps doctrinal qui se réorganise et se redéfinit constamment, de l’Ancienne Académie aux derniers néoplatoniciens, par la réinterprétation des textes de Platon relatifs aux démons. L’objectif du présent travail est d'éclairer le modus operandi de cette exégèse à partir de l’analyse des relations de la démonologie avec la cosmologie, avec l’herméneutique philosophique de la religion et avec les théories de l’âme.
Cette étude est susceptible de servir à une meilleure compréhension des tentatives de rationalisation et de définition du phénomène religieux dans l’Antiquité tardive.

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Edited by Jonathan Barnes and Valentina Calzolari

David, a member of the Platonic school in Alexandria in the sixth century, is credited with several commentaries on Aristotle’s logic: those commentaries, and their Armenian translations, form the subject of this book. An introduction, which discusses David and his place in the Greek and the Armenian traditions, is followed by a series of studies of the relations between the Greek texts and their Armenian translations: the aims are, first, to assess the value of the translations for the constitution of the original Greek, and secondly, to consider the ways in which the Armenian translations adapted the texts to suit their new readership. More generally, the book is concerned with the ways in which Greek thought was exported abroad—to Armenia and to Syria: it is required reading for anyone who is interested in the circulation of ideas between east and west.

Contributors include: Sen Arevshatyan, Jonathan Barnes, Valentina Calzolari, Henri Hugonnard-Roche, Gohar Muradyan, Michael Papazian, Manea Shirinian, Clive Sweeting, Albert Stepanyan, Aram Topchyan.

Le Philèbe de Platon

Introduction à l’agathologie platonicienne

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Sylvain Dr. Delcomminette

This book deals with the nature and function of the good in Plato’s philosophy, by focusing on the dialogue explicitly devoted to it: the Philebus. It provides a comprehensive commentary of this difficult dialogue in which almost all the themes of Plato’s philosophy are discussed or alluded to. The author shows that a scrupulous analysis and reconstruction of its argumentative progress makes it possible to discover the unity between these different topics, and argues that this unity lies in the fact that Plato develops there what he was calling for notably in the Republic, i.e. a (dialectical) science of the good (or ‘agathology’). Read from this viewpoint, the Philebus appears as a dialogue of tremendous importance for the understanding of Plato’s philosophy as a whole.

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Concetta Luna

This volume discusses the relationship between the four extant ancient commentaries on Aristotle's Metaphysics of Alexander of Aphrodisias, Syrianus, Asclepius and Ps. Alexander. Comparative analysis of these commentaries allows Luna to attribute the Ps. Alexander to Michael of Ephesis and to show to what extend Syrianus made use of Alexander and Asclepius of both of them.
The author draws up a precise genealogy of these Metaphysics commentaries. The book is indispensable for anyone working on the history of Aristotelian exegesis.

Henosis

L'Union à Dieu chez Denys l'Aréopagite

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Ysabel de Andia

In the first part of this study, the theme of the union ( henosis) is analysed in Dionysius the Areopagite's De Divinis Nominibus. The starting point of this inquiry is the trinitarian theology of Dionysius. He distinguishes between Union ( henosis) and distinction ( diakrisis), ad intra of the divine Persons and ad extra of the divines names, understood as powers. The movement of procession and conversion of the divine names follows the very structure of the treatise: from the Union to the One, a movement called "the circle of love". In a second moment, the word henosis or the formula henosis hyper noun, "union above the intellect", are analysed in the De divinis nominibus, where they allude to the "union without confusion" of the ideas one with the other, or to the union of intellect with God in the unknowledge.
The second part is dedicated to the union with God in the De Mystica Theologia. The author first studies Moses' ascension and his entrance in the Darkness within the tradition of the commentaries of Exodus, such as Philo's or Gregory of Nyssa's treatises De Vita Mosis; she analyses the progress of negative theology towards the mystical union and she tries to identify the "unknown God" with whom the intellect becomes unified in the neoplatonician theory and also in the context of Paul's discourse on the Areopage. She concludes with an examination of the unio mystica and its major features in Pseudo-Dionysius.

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Edited by Ilsetraut Hadot

The significance of Simplicius' commentary lies in the fact that it is a Neoplatonist interpretation of a Stoic text. This volume presents the first critical edition based on all the known manuscripts of this work and offers, in contrast to the edition of Schweighäuser (1800) and the recapitulation of this edition by Dübner (1840), a text which is more complete and improved. A long introduction places the work in the philosophical and historical context of its time and characterises it as a spiritual exercise. The edition is preceded by a summary of the history of the text.

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Denis O'Brien

Plotinus' fiercely polemical treatise Against the Gnostics has proved peculiarly resistant to modern methods of criticism. So much so, that historians of philosophy frequently end up attributing to Plotinus himself the very beliefs which Plotinus attempts to demolish in his criticism of the Gnostics.
Denis O'Brien attempts to unravel this paradox by showing that, in earlier treatises of the Enneads, Plotinus puts forward a theory of the generation of matter by soul, which he then takes for granted in his attack on the Gnostics. This leads to a wholly new understanding of Plotinus' 'theodicy' and of the way in which Plotinus himself conceived of his relation to the Gnostics.
Denis O'Brien's analysis should highlight tired commonplaces and support the view that a consistent and original philosophy underlies the complexities and obscurities of the text of the Enneads.