Naviguer par titre

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 12 items for :

  • Intellectual History x
  • Primary Language: fr x
Tout effacer

Les générations des Soufis

Ṭabaqāt al-ṣūfiyya de Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān, Muḥammad b. Ḥusayn al-Sulamī (325/937-412/1021)

Series:

Edited by Jean-Jacques Thibon

In his book Generations of Sufis, Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī (died 1021), the Sufi master of Nishapur and Shafiʿi traditionist and historian, collected the teachings of 105 Sufi masters who lived between the 2nd/8th and the 4th/10th centuries. Sulami gives a short biography of each master with representative quotations from his teachings. He thereby illustrates the numerous approaches to the spiritual path and the unity of its principles. One of the oldest works of the sort, it assembles the doctrinal foundations from which medieval Sufism developed. It is a key reference which influenced all Sufi literature and even historiography. This is the first translation of a work of this type to be published in a European language.

Dans Les générations des Soufis Abū ʿAbd al-Raḥmān al-Sulamī (m. 1021), maître soufi de Nishapur, traditionniste šāfiʿite et historien, collecte l’enseignement de cent cinq maîtres soufis qui vécurent entre le 2e/8e et le 4e/10e siècles. Pour chacun d’eux, Sulamī propose une courte notice biographique et un ensemble de citations représentatives de son enseignement. Il rend ainsi compte de la diversité des approches de la voie spirituelle et de l’unité de ses principes. Cet ouvrage, l’un des plus anciens de ce type, rassemble le socle doctrinal sur lequel s’élabora le soufisme médiéval. Référence incontournable, il eut une influence considérable sur toute la littérature du soufisme et même l’historiographie. Cette traduction est la première en langue européenne d’un ouvrage de ce type.

Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne

La justice islamique dans les oasis du Grand Touat (Algérie) aux XVIIe – XIXe siècles

Series:

Ismail Warscheid

La pratique du droit musulman est généralement considérée comme un phénomène urbain. À partir d’une analyse de recueils de fatwas inédits et d’autres manuscrits arabes provenant des oasis du Grand Touat (Sud algérien), Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne remet en question cette vision des choses. L’ouvrage explore la diffusion d’institutions juridiques islamiques dans la région entre le XVIIe et le XIXe siècles, ainsi que l’interaction entre communautés villageoises et juristes musulmans. Pour sonder ce processus, Ismail Warscheid adopte une approche dialectique : il reconstitue les modalités de l’application de la charia par les cadis et muftis locaux et s’interroge sur les usages que les populations oasiennes font des tribunaux islamiques, de l’écriture notariale et de la consultation juridique.

Pre-modern Islamic legal practice is most often considered an essentially urban phenomenon. Relying on unedited fatwa collections and other Arabic manuscripts from the oasis of Tuwāt in southern Algeria, Droit musulman et société au Sahara prémoderne challenges this vision. The book explores the spread of Islamic legal institutions in the region between the seventeenth and the nineteenth centuries, and the interaction between village communities and Muslim jurists. Ismail Warscheid investigates this process from a dialectical perspective: how were sharʿī norms applied by local qadis and muftis, and how did local populations made use of court litigation, notarial certification, and legal consultation?

Rousseau et la Bible

Pensée du religieux d'un Philosophe des Lumières

Series:

Geneviève Di Rosa

Le rapport au texte biblique est de toute évidence une voie d’entrée privilégiée pour qui veut étudier les représentations du religieux au XVIIIe siècle. A un moment où une méfiance bien plus ancienne vis-à-vis de L’Ancien Testament s’étend pareillement au Nouveau perçu lui aussi comme fabrique et donc, pour une part au moins, comme imposture, le cas Rousseau montre exemplairement comment la Bible, pour être de moins en moins appréhendée comme une Vérité Révélée, reste toujours un intertexte littéraire de toute première grandeur et sans doute même plus influent que jamais. La présente étude interroge donc les diverses représentations de Jean-Jacques lecteur de la Bible, ses réécritures de narrations bibliques et le retour, tout au long de son oeuvre, de schèmes de pensée chrétiens et christiques.

The relation to the Biblical text is a privileged starting point for anyone interested in studying eighteenth-century religious representations. At a time when an old suspicion towards The Old Testament reverberates on The New Testament which is also perceived as man-made and thus partly as a sham, the example of Rousseau demonstrates how the Bible, although less and less considered as a Revealed Truth, remains a primary literary intertext, probably more influent than ever. The present study interrogates the different representations of Jean-Jacques as a reader of the Bible, his rewritings of Biblical narratives and the presence of Christian and Christ-like ways of thinking throughout his work.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau écrivain polémique

Querelles, disputes et controverses au siècle des Lumières

Series:

Ourida Mostefai

Simultanément sujet et objet de multiples débats et controverses, Jean-Jacques Rousseau n’a jamais cessé de produire et de susciter des différends, qu’ils soient personnels ou philosophiques. Auteur proprement en conflit avec son siècle, le Citoyen de Genève intervient dans l’arène publique en prenant partie dans d’importants débats idéologiques: ces querelles qui ont structuré le champ littéraire et politique sont l’objet de ce livre. On y analyse le rôle et la force de la polémique dans les œuvres de Rousseau. Prenant Les Confessions à rebours, cette étude met au jour un autre Rousseau : non la victime passive et innocente d’une réception hostile, mais un acteur majeur de ces conflits, c’est-à-dire un écrivain polémique.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau écrivain polémique focuses on the ways in which Rousseau’s career was constructed in a constant engagement with the practice of polemics and refutation in the fields of politics, religion, and philosophy. Known throughout Europe for his highly controversial writings and for the intense polemics to which they gave rise in the realm of public opinion, Jean-Jacques Rousseau became in his lifetime the object of unprecedented public interest and scrutiny. The very public quarrels and controversies that accompanied the publication and reception of his works were instrumental in establishing a new role for the writer, making Rousseau an ideal case study for this major shift in the relationship between writers and a rapidly changing and newly dynamic public sphere.

Series:

Jacob van Sluis

François Hemsterhuis (1721-1790) was a Dutch philosopher on the crossroad of Enlightenment, Classicism and Romanticism. He published his treatises in French, with a beautiful lay-out. They were read and discussed immediately, by outstanding philosophers and artists like Diderot, Jacobi, Herder, Goethe, Novalis and Schleiermacher. This critical edition of Hemsterhuis’s OEuvres philosophiques, together with an early German translation, Vermischte philosophische Schriften, published in 1782-1797.

François Hemsterhuis (1721-1790) war ein niederländischer Philosoph auf dem Schnittpunkt von Aufklärung, Klassizismus und Romantik. Er veröffentlichte seine Abhandlungen auf Französisch, in elegantem Layout. Bereits unmittelbar nach ihrem Erscheinen bildeten sie den Stoff zahlreicher Diskussionen unter berühmten Dichtern und Denkern wie Diderot, Jacobi, Herder, Goethe, Novalis und Schleiermacher. Die vorliegende kritische Ausgabe der Œuvres philosophiques von Hemsterhuis beinhaltet auch die zeitgenössische deutsche Übersetzung, Vermischte philosophische Schriften, die in 1782 und 1797 veröffentlicht wurde.

François Hemsterhuis (1721-1790) était un philosophe néerlandais sur le carrefour des Lumières, le Néo-classicisme et le Romantisme. Il a publié ses traités en français, avec une belle mise en page. Ils ont été lus et discutés immédiatement par des philosophes et des poètes réputés comme Diderot, Jacobi, Herder, Goethe, Novalis et Schleiermacher. Cette édition critique offre des Œuvres philosophiques de Hemsterhuis, accompagnée d’une traduction allemande contemporaine, Vermischte philosophische Schriften, publiée en 1782-1797.

Pingyuan Chen

Edited by Isabelle Rabut and Angel Pino

The seven essays by Chen Pingyuan gathered in this collection are mainly focused on the evolution of the fictional genre during the transitional period of late Qing and May Fourth : the role played by periodicals, the relationship between elitist and popular literature, the link between modern fiction and tradition. In a broader perspective, they address the cultural changes that took place in these challenging times : the teaching of literature or arts at the old Beijing University, the place of the Dianshizhai pictorial between popular culture and Western modernity.

Through their approach, these essays show evidence of the transformations that occurred in China during the last 25 years in the field of research on modern Chinese literature and culture.

Les sept essais de Chen Pingyuan que rassemble le présent recueil portent principalement sur l’évolution du genre romanesque lors de la période de transition de la fin des Qing et du 4 mai : rôle de la presse, rapport entre littérature élitiste et littérature populaire, lien entre le roman moderne et la tradition. Ils évoquent de façon plus large les changements culturels survenus à cette époque charnière : l’enseignement de la littérature ou celui des arts à l’ancienne université de Pékin, la place de la revue illustrée Dianshizhai entre culture populaire et modernité occidentale.

Ces essais témoignent par leur approche des transformations survenues en Chine même, au cours des vingt-cinq dernières années, dans la recherche sur la littérature et la culture chinoises modernes.



Series:

Geneviève Dumas

This book examines the social, institutional and cultural setting of medical practices in the medieval town of Montpellier which boasted one of the first universities of the middle ages and a famous school of medicine. Some of its most celebrated masters and their medical works have been thoroughly studied but few of them try to put these in context with a thriving urban community of merchants and craftsmen that were at the core of the city council. Their concurrent efforts will endow Montpellier of a rich health care system featuring not only the university masters but also the city’s barber-surgeons and apothecaries. Their collective fate is revealed here in an integrated picture of health and society in the middle ages.

Joseph Seniri: Commentary on the Former Prophets

A Critical Edition of the Hebrew Text with Introductory Essays on Grammatical Exegesis in Thirteenth-Century Provence

Series:

Judith Kogel

This book presents the critical edition of Joseph Seniri’s commentary on the Former Prophets. Son of the famous poet Isaac Ha-Seniri, Joseph Seniri lived in Beaucaire at the turn of the thirteenth century. His work, which follows the Provençal tradition of Jewish exegesis combining the teachings of northern France with those of Spain, contains numerous Provençal glosses ( le’azim). Through Kogel’s analysis of the text and the study of the grammatical terminology, it is possible to see the main sources of influence Seniri’s influence: Rashi’s commentary and Ibn Janaḥ’s grammar.

Series:

Karine Crousaz

The Lausanne Academy was the first Protestant Academy in a French-speaking territory, created twenty years before the one in Geneva. In the 1540’s, the Lausanne Academy developed a new model for higher education that influenced the entire Calvinist world. Far from forming only pastors, it attracted the sons of Swiss and European Protestant elites through its advanced trilingual education (Latin, Greek, and Hebrew), in accordance with the cultural standards developed by Renaissance humanism. This book, based on a vast body of unpublished archival sources, examines the Lausanne Academy’s historical development, academic program, students, faculty, and finances, revealing it as an essential milestone in the history of European education where the blossoming of humanistic culture and confessional rivalries met.

Series:

Patrick Gilli, Jacques Verger and Daniel Le Blévec

In the Middle Ages, the presence of a university was a source of prestige, allure and human resources for the host town, to the extent that urban authorities sought to prevent any attempt to secede to another city. However, if the benefits of a university seemed obvious (although some major cities in medieval Europe never had one, nor sought to have one), the risks of its presence were not negligible: trouble and disorder, the privileges of the students and the Masters, etc. This book seeks to make an assessment, on a European scale, of the various ways in which the university was integrated into the city: in urban respects as much as cultural, the Studium generale marked its town, and the members of the university were often used by local institutions to be drawn upon as if from a fish pond. Contributors are: Angel Vaca Lorenzo, José Martin Martin, Carlos Heusch, Jacques Verger, Jürgen Miethke, Robert Gramsch, Karl Ubl, Sante Bortolami, Elda Forin, Carla Frova, Patrick Gilli, Nathalie Gorochov, Julian Munby, Olivier Marin and Maria Helena da Cruz Coelho.