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Dan Sarooshi

The law of international organizations is undergoing profound changes. This has been caused in large part by the increasingly important role that international organizations have played in exercising powers conferred on them by national Governments. This phenomenon has led to concerted attempts by States, international courts and tribunals, and domestic courts to seek to ensure accountability for these exercises of power by
imposing corresponding limits on international organizations.
This volume is focused on several key aspects of this accountability process: the content of the rules of international law relating to when an international organization can be held responsible for its breach of a primary rule of international law (the law codified in the UN draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations), when an international organization can plead immunity from jurisdiction of national and possibly international tribunals, and what remedies can be taken against an international organization.
The chapters in this volume are the result of research conducted by outstanding junior academics who were participants in the 2011 Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations of the Hague Academy of International Law.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 34.

Edited by Efthymios D. Papastavridis and Kinderley N. Trapp

With the increasing sophistication of transnational criminal organization, coupled with globalization and its heavy dependence on maritime transport, the suppression of criminality at sea has again become a priority on the international community’s agenda. The theme at the heart of this volume is therefore Crimes at Sea — an issue of both great practical importance and academic interest. This work is the fruit of the 2012 session of the Hague Academy Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations — collectively, the fourteen chapters in this volume underscore the common challenges in international co-operation at the legal level with respect to crimes at sea and identify a number of the potential strengths and shortcomings of the applicable international law. There is a wide breadth of subject matters addressed in this volume, some focusing on particular crimes at sea, others on the general international legal framework within which responses to criminality at sea operate. Throughout the volume, there is a common theme of regime interaction — exploring the limits and efficiencies resulting from the overlapping applicability of human rights law, international criminal law, the law of State responsibility and the UN Charter regime. The contributions both illustrate and clarify the significant links between these legal regimes which support the fight against crimes at sea.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 35.

S. Maljean-Dubois and L. Rajamani

his book, published in 2011, is a product of the research conducted at the Center for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law in the summer of 2008. The Centre, devoted to the “implementation of international environmental law”, attracted twenty talented young scholars from nine different countries. This volume
contains the introductory report of the two directors of studies, in English and in French, a selection of the best papers prepared by the participants, as well as a general index and a comprehensive bibliography. The topic of the 2008 session is of both practical and theoretical interest. International environmental law, despite the rapid proliferation of treaty instruments in the area, is plagued by difficulties in implementation.
The search for enhanced effectiveness of international environmental law has yielded many innovations at the institutional and normative levels. In seeking to better understand these innovations, their emergence, deepening and diffusion, this volume highlights the major shifts in and challenges faced by international environmental law and, indeed, international law itself.

Cet ouvrage, publié en 2011, est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye tenu en 2008. Un total de vingt jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de neuf pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, consacrée à « la mise en oeuvre du droit international de l’environnement ». Ce volume comporte le rapport introductif des deux directrices d’études, en anglais et en français, ainsi qu’une sélection des meilleures contributions des participants, accompagnés d’un index général et d’une bibliographie très complète. Le choix du sujet des travaux de ce Centre répond à un intérêt aussi bien pratique que théorique. Le droit international de l’environnement, en dépit de sa profusion, souffre en effet de profondes difficultés de mise en oeuvre. Le tableau d’ensemble doit pourtant être nuancé. La recherche d’une amélioration de l’effectivité du droit international de l’environnement a produit de nombreuses et intéressantes innovations aussi bien sur le plan
institutionnel que normatif. En tentant de mieux comprendre ces mécanismes tout en réfléchissant à leur approfondissement et à leur diffusion, ce volume rend compte des mutations profondes du droit international de l’environnement et, au-delà, du droit international lui-même.

Rules and Institutions of International Humanitarian Law Put to the Test of Recent Armed Conflicts

Les règles et les institutions du droit international humanitaire à l’épreuve des conflits armés récents

Edited by Michael Matheson and Djamchid Momtaz

This volume is the product of the Centre for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law for 2007. A total of 23 young academics and practitioners from 16 countries participated in the Centre’s summer session, and all contributed to a very valuable scholarly exploration and exchange of views on a vital topic. The volume consists of the introductory reports of the two Directors of Studies (Professor D. Momtaz of the University of Teheran and Professor M.J. Matheson of George Washington Law School), together with contributions by 13 of the Centre participants that were deemed to be particularly worthy of publication, an extensive bibliography and a general index.
The topic for 2007 was “Rules and Institutions of International Humanitarian Law Put to the Test of Recent Armed Conflicts”. It reflects the fact that international humanitarian law has gone through a period of considerable expansion and development in the past two decades, including the conclusion of several new international humanitarian law conventions and codes of offences, the creation of a number of criminal tribunals to prosecute international humanitarian law violations, and the effort by the ICRC to produce a comprehensive elaboration of customary law in the field. But the topic also reflects the fact that this body of law has been seriously tested by the armed conflicts
of recent years, which have often been vast in scope, long in duration and severe in their human consequences. These conflicts have challenged both the norms themselves and the new institutions that have been created to enforce them.

Cet ouvrage est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye de 2007. Un total de vingt-trois jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de seize pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, et tous ont contribué à une exploration scientifique et à un échange de vues d’un grand intérêt sur un sujet essentiel. Ce volume comporte les rapports introductifs des deux directeurs d’études, ainsi que les contributions de treize participants au Centre qui ont été jugées particulièrement intéressantes pour être publiées, une bibliographie très étendue et un index général. Le sujet choisi pour 2007 a été « Les règles et les institutions du droit international humanitaire à l’épreuve des conflits armés récents ». Ce choix reflète le fait que le droit international humanitaire a connu une période d’expansion et de développements importants au cours des deux dernières décennies, y compris la conclusion de plusieurs nouvelles conventions et codes pénaux en cette matière, la création d’un certain nombre de juridictions pénales pour la répression des violations du droit international humanitaire, et les efforts du CICR en vue de circonscrire le droit coutumier dans ce domaine. Mais le choix de ce sujet reflète également le fait que ce corpus de droit a été sérieusement mis à l’épreuve par les récents conflits armés, lesquels ont souvent été vastes dans leur étendue, longs dans leur durée, et sévères dans leurs conséquences humaines. Ces conflits ont mis au défi à la fois les normes ellesmêmes et les nouvelles institutions créées pour les sanctionner.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 30.