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A Pepper-Pot of Cultures

Aspects of Creolization in the Caribbean

Edited by Gordon Collier and Ulrich Fleischmann

The terms ‘creole’ and ‘creolization’ have witnessed a number of significant semantic changes in the course of their history. Originating in the vocabulary associated with colonial expansion in the Americas it had been successively narrowed down to the field of black American culture or of particular linguistic phenomena. Recently ‘creole’ has expanded again to cover the broad area of cultural contact and transformation characterizing the processes of globalization initiated by the colonial migrations of past centuries.
The present volume is intended to illustrate these various stages either by historical and/or theoretical discussion of the concept or through selected case studies. The authors are established scholars from the areas of literature, linguistics and cultural studies; they all share a lively and committed interest in the Caribbean area – certainly not the only or even oldest realm in which processes of creolization have shaped human societies, but one that offers, by virtue of its history of colonialization and cross-cultural contact, its most pertinent example. The collection, beyond its theoretical interest, thus also constitutes an important survey of Caribbean studies in Europe and the Americas.
As well as searching overview essays, there are
– sociolinguistic contributions on the linguistic geography of ‘criollo’ in Spanish America, the Limonese creole speakers of Costa Rica, ‘creole’ language and identity in the Netherlands Antilles and the affinities between Papiamentu and Chinese in Curaçao
– ethnohistorical examinations of such topics as creole transgression in the Dominican/Haitian borderland, the Haitian Mandingo and African fundamentalism, creolization and identity in West-Central Jamaica, Afro-Nicaraguans and national identity, and the Creole heritage of Haiti
– studies of religion and folk culture, including voodoo and creolization in New York City, the creolization of the “Mami Wata” water spirit, and signifyin(g) processes in New World Anancy tales
– a group of essays focusing on the thought of Édouard Glissant, Maryse Condé, and the Créolité writers
and case-studies of artistic expression, including creole identities in Caribbean women’s writing, Port-au-Prince in the Haitian novel, Cynthia McLeod and Astrid Roemer and Surinamese fiction, Afro-Cuban artistic expression, and metacreolization in the fiction of Robert Antoni and Nalo Hopkinson.

Calderón y la máquina barroca

Escenografía, religíon y cultura en ‘El José de las mujeres’

Javier Aparicio Maydeu

Calderón y la máquina barroca se vale de un drama calderoniano de enorme interés por su sincretismo, El José de las mujeres, que se da a conocer en edición crítica y anotada, para asediar la cultura del Barroco desde una perspectiva pluridisciplinar. El lector descubrirá la interacción de códigos que operan en el teatro del seiscientos haciendo de éste una máquina barroca, un mecanismo de integración cultural que crea un polisistema formado por varios códigos literarios -oratoria sagrada, petrarquismo o disputatio escolástica-, códigos mixtos -emblemática o textos diagramáticos de propaganda fide- y códigos no verbales como la música, la escenografía y la pintura, y manifestaciones de metateatro y de transtextualidad que ilustran la seductora complejidad del Barroco en manos de Calderón. Pero el libro es también un estudio del género de la comedia de santos barroca, situándolo en el conjunto de la obra calderoniana, valorando su carácter de evangelización y de especulación teológica a un tiempo, y analizando sus métodos escénicos de control del sentimiento religioso en un espectáculo de conjunto más propicio para la carnavalización. Por último, Calderón y la máquina barroca le proporciona al lector del teatro español del Siglo de Oro una edición del drama con anotación escenográfica en la que se solventan los problemas de la puesta en escena en cada caso, y se pormenoriza el funcionamiento de cada tramoya y movimiento escénico, facilitándole al lector la reconstrucción de un montaje imaginario. Un libro para estudiosos de la cultura del Siglo de Oro y para interesados en el entramado de manifestaciones culturales del Barroco, que se dan de modo simultáneo en El José de las mujeres, una pieza que también revela la mirada moderna con la que Calderón vio el mundo.

Edited by Konrad Eisenbichler and Wim Hüsken

From the Fool to the Wildman, from the irate Reformer to the festive Masqueraders, this collection of articles offers a variety of topics, approaches, and agendas in the study of early modern European theatre. With samplings from Scandinavia, Germany, England, France, the Iberian peninsula, and even the New World, this collection also spans time, from the late fifteenth century to the present. In the process, Carnival and the carnivalesque are examined from archival, Bakhtinian, cultural, and even political points of view. The articles in this collection reveal the variety and inherent vitality of scholarship in early modern theatre. The thirteen essays have been selected from presentations made at the Eighth Triennial Congress of the Société Internationale pour l'Etude du Théâtre Médiéval held in Toronto (1995), under the auspices of the Records of Early English Drama project and Victoria University in the University of Toronto.

Unforeseeable Americas

Questioning Cultural Hybridity in the Americas

Series:

Edited by Rita de Grandis and Zilà Bernd

El aeroplano y la estrella

El movimiento de vanguardia en los países catalanes (1904-1936)

Edited by Joan Ramon Resina

La meditación sobre la vanguardia como fenómeno literario y artístico aparece en lugar destacado en el despliegue de la teoría cultural contemporánea. El tema general del volumen es la incepción de la vanguardia en la Península Ibérica, incepción que, por razones sociales e históricas precisas, tiene lugar en el marco del debate cultural catalán. El presente volumen no se propone abordar la tarea pendiente de estudiar el fenómeno vanguardista en el marco de la reevaluación contemporánea del fenómeno nacional. Sus horizontes son mucho más modestos. Reúne aportaciones rigurosamente inéditas sobre aspectos fundamentales de la vanguardia en los Países Catalanes y sobre algunos de sus protagonistas, sugiriendo nuevas avenidas para la investigación a partir de sus proprios límites.

Edited by Richard A. Young

The first essays in this volume locate Latin America within the postmodernism debate by addressing both its position in the theory of the postmodern and the peripheral existence of the continent in light of the globalizing practices of the contemporary world. The next essays focus on the Caribbean and elements of the formation of identity and culture in a group of societies belonging to the same geographic region but confronted with the idiosyncrasies of their colonial histories, the problematics of race and language, and their relation to the politics and cultures of metropolitan powers. There are three essays concerned with re-readings of the first encounters between Europe and America and discussions of more recent fictional representations of the past which attempt to recover the lost Amerindian Other of the Conquest and Colonization and to reveal the constructedness of History. Finally, preceded by two texts on ways of reading and writing in Latin America, the final four essays are concerned with challenges to the discourses of power by Latin American women who re-define the subject and counter the established hegemonies of religion, culture, and social structure both in their writing and political actions. As a collection of essays, this volume will appeal to readers who are interested in Post-modernism as a global phenomenon and in understanding the different forms it takes and the issues it addresses in different cultural environments.