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Edited by Anne-Marie Wittke

Ranging in time from the end of the Bronze Age to the dawn of the so-called historical period (12th-6th centuries BC), this compendium presents the first complete survey of the early history of all the cultures along the coasts of the Mediterranean. In addition to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Etruscans, these also include many other peoples, such as the Iberians, Ligurians, Thracians, Phrygians, Luwians, Aramaeans and Libyans. The volume brings together the knowledge gained from material, textual and pictorial sources in all disciplines working in this field, including Near Eastern, Phoenician, Carthaginian and biblical archaeology, Aegean and North African studies, Villanovan studies and Etruscology, Iberology, early Greek historiography and Dark Ages studies. As a whole, this period was characterized by the intermingling of cultures around the Mediterranean Rim, and the main focus of content is therefore on contacts, the transfer of culture and knowledge and key common themes, such as mobility, religion, resources, languages and writing. With indices and numerous tables and maps of Pauly quality.
This English version has been edited by John Noel Dillon and translated by Duncan A. Smart


Edited by Jeremy Armstrong

Circum Mare: Themes in Ancient Warfare presents a thematic approach to current directions in ancient military studies with case studies on topics including the economics of warfare, military cohesion, military authority, irregular warfare, and sieges. Bringing together research on cultures from across the Mediterranean world, ranging from Pharaonic Egypt to Late Antique Europe and from Punic Spain to Persian Anatolia, the collection demonstrates both the breadth of the current field and a surprising number of synergies.


Saghi Gazerani

This work examines the entire corpus of the Sistani Cycle of Epics, both parts included in Ferdowsi’s Shāhnāmeh and those appearing in separate manuscripts. It argues that the so-called “epic literature” of Iran constitutes a kind of historiography, encapsulating reflections of watershed events of Iran’s antiquity.

By examining the symbiotic relationship of the texts’ content and form, the underpinning discourse of the various stories is revealed to have been shaped by polemics of political legitimacy and religious conflict. This discourse, however, is not abstract. The stories narrate, within their generic constraint, some of the affairs of the Sistani kingdom and its relationship to the Parthian throne, mainly from the first century BCE to the end of the second century CE.

Empire, Power and Indigenous Elites

A Case Study of the Nehemiah Memoir


Anne Fitzpatrick-McKinley

Ancient Near Eastern empires, including Assyria, Babylon and Persia, frequently permitted local rulers to remain in power. The roles of the indigenous elites reflected in the Nehemiah Memoir can be compared to those encountered elsewhere. Nehemiah was an imperial appointee, likely of a military/administrative background, whose mission was to establish a birta in Jerusalem, thereby limiting the power of local elites. As a loyal servant of Persia, Nehemiah brought to his mission a certain amount of ethnic/cultic colouring seen in certain aspects of his activities in Jerusalem, in particular in his use of Mosaic authority (but not of specific Mosaic laws). Nehemiah appealed to ancient Jerusalemite traditions in order to eliminate opposition to him from powerful local elite networks.


Miroslav Ivanov Vasilev

In The Policy of Darius and Xerxes towards Thrace and Macedonia Miroslav Vasilev analyses in detail the policy of the Persian kings towards their European possessions in the years 514–465 BC. The book examines the status of Macedonian rulers under the Persian kings, as well as the status of the Thracian territories conquered as a result of the campaigns of Darius and Megabazus. In addition, the author localizes many tribes, rivers, lakes, mountains, and other geographical features of primary importance in defining the territorial span of the European lands conquered by the Persians. Vasilev examines literary sources, epigraphic evidence, coins, and archaeological finds relevant to the topic.

Maritime Interactions in the Arabian Neolithic

The Evidence from H3, As-Sabiyah, an Ubaid-related site in Kuwait


Edited by Robert Carter and Harriet Crawford

Excavations at H3, Kuwait, throw important new light on the economy of the Arabian Neolithic, the early history of seafaring and boat-building, and relations with Ubaid Mesopotamia. It is now clear that the inhabitants of the eastern seaboard of the Arabian Peninsula were active players in a complex network that linked Mesopotamia, the northern and southern Gulf and perhaps Iran during the 6th and 5th millennia BC. Excavations at H3, Kuwait, throw important new light on the economy of the Arabian Neolithic, the early history of seafaring and boat-building, and relations with Ubaid Mesopotamia. It is now clear that the inhabitants of the eastern seaboard of the Arabian Peninsula were active players in a complex network that linked Mesopotamia, the northern and southern Gulf and perhaps Iran during the 6th and 5th millennia BC.

Homeland and Exile

Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Honour of Bustenay Oded


Edited by Gershon Galil, Markham (Mark) Geller and Alan Millard

This volume is a scholarly tribute to Bustenay Oded's distinguished career from some of the many contemporaries, colleagues, and former students who not only admire, and keep being inspired by his achievements, but who also count him as a friend.
The title points to the remarkable span of Bustenay Oded 's research and research interests. Accordingly, the Festschrift's thirty original contributions deal with a wide range of topics, focusing on the Assyrian Empire, as well as on the Hebrew Bible and other cultural contents.

Archaeology in the Archives

Unveiling the Natufian Culture of Mount Carmel


Mina Weinstein-Evron

Archival research has come to the fore in recent years as an invaluable source of information on the way Levantine prehistory developed. As she blows the dust from a vast array of archival documents, Mina Weinstein-Evron sets out to reconstruct the unveiling of the Natufian--a late Epipaleolithic Levantine culture on the threshold of the agricultural revolution. Able to rely on her own close involvement over the past 20 years in excavations of Natufian el-Wad, she skillfully retraces the steps of that supreme earlier excavator, Dorothy Garrod. By the same token, she rescues from historical oblivion the enigmatic figure of Charles Lambert and reveals the unique contribution he made to the study of el-Wad and Natufian culture. Combining new, unpublished archival documents with Dorothy Garrod's more familiar accounts, the author arrives at a coherent picture of el-Wad as a major long-term base camp and shows how it was situated in the cultural web of Natufian Mount Carmel, widely recognized today as one of the pivotal centers of this unique culture.



This book is the fourteenth volume in the series Altbabylonische Briefe in Umschrift und Übersetzung, which aims to make the many — often dispersed — letters from the Old Babylonian period available in transliteration and translation. Volume 14 collects 226 Old Babylonian letters from The Louvre. After the earlier publication of the letters of (TCL 7) by F.R. Kraus in AbB 4 (1968) all other Old Babylonian letters in The Louvre have now been included, with the exception of those excavated in 1912 at Kish, by H. de Genouillac.


William R. Gallagher

In 701 B.C. the Assyrian king Sennacherib launched his campaign against, a.o., Judah. This event has been recorded in the Hebrew Bible (Isaiah, the Biblical war narratives) and, as a consequence, has decisively influenced Jewish and Christian thought. The war, though, has remained obscure for modern historians.
The author of this latest volume in Brill's monograph series Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East brings together both Biblical and Assyrian sources on the campaign. Part of these abundant Assyrian materials are new, and consequently enable the author to give new insights on the event itself. A second major result of this study lies in the new, carefully supported interpretations of some Isaiah oracles, and of both the Assyrian and Biblical narratives of Sennacherib's campaign.
The meticulous attention given to textual criticism, translation problems, historiographical questions and its cautiously applied literary criticism make it a model of the contextual method in Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Studies.