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A Philososphy for Communism

Rethinking Althusser

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Panagiotis Sotiris

In A Philosophy for Communism: Rethinking Althusser Panagiotis Sotiris attempts a reading of the work of the French philosopher centered upon his deeply political conception of philosophy. Althusser’s endeavour is presented as a quest for a new practice of philosophy that would enable a new practice of politics for communism, in opposition to idealism and teleology. The central point is that in his trajectory from the crucial interventions of the 1960s to the texts on aleatory materialism, Althusser remained a communist in philosophy. This is based upon a reading of the tensions and dynamics running through Althusser’s work and his dialogue with other thinkers and particular attention is paid to crucial texts by Althusser that remained unpublished until relatively recently.

Benjamin Schmid

Der Autor legt die wachsende Bedeutung der Architektur im politischen Denken des Mittelalters dar. Er demonstriert, wie Architektur zu einer Grundlage politischen Denkens wurde und wie Architektur dieses Denken beeinflusste.
Das Buch analysiert die grundlegenden Verbindungen von Politik und Architektur. In zwei Teilen wird die Rolle der Architektur im politischen Denken des Mittelalters anhand zahlreicher Schrift- und Bildquellen untersucht. Im ersten Teil wird der weite Weg der Architektur hin zu ihrer Anerkennung in der mittelalterlichen Wissenschaftssystematik überblickt. Im zweiten Teil werden repräsentative Orte mittelalterlichen Denkens herausgearbeitet. Das Buch demonstriert damit den Bedeutungszuwachs der Architektur innerhalb des mittelalterlichen politischen Denkens, legt die Ursprünge der Verbindung von Politik und Architektur offen und zeichnet die Aufwertung der Architektur zu einem Fundament der Politik nach.

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Edited by Jörg Tellkamp

This Companion aims to give an up-to-date overview of the historical context and the conceptual framework of Spanish imperial expansion during the early modern period, mostly during the 16th century. It intends to offer a nuanced and balanced account of the complexities of this historically controversial period analyzing first its historical underpinnings, then shedding light on the normative language behind imperial theorizing and finally discussing issues that arose with the experience of the conquest of American polities, such as colonialism, slavery or utopia. The aim of this volume is to uncover the structural and normative elements of the theological, legal and philosophical arguments about Spanish imperial ambitions in the early modern period.
Contributors are Manuel Herrero Sánchez; [,] José Luis Egío; [,] Christiane Birr; [,] Miguel Anxo Pena González; [,] Tamar Herzog; [,] Merio Scattola; [,] Virpi Mäkinen; [,] Wim Decock; [,] Christian Schäfer; [,] Francisco Castilla Urbano; [,] Daniel Schwartz; [,] Felipe Castañeda; [,] José Luis Ramos Gorostiza; [,] Luis Perdices de Blas; [,] Beatriz Fernández Herrero.

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Edited by Brigitte Weltman-Aron, Peter Westmoreland and Ourida Mostefai

Silence, Implicite et Non-Dit chez Rousseau/Silence, the Implicit, and the Unspoken in Rousseau prend acte d’un grand nombre de publications ayant trait à l’analyse par Rousseau des langues et du langage, de la parole par rapport à l’écriture, de la voix (y compris la voix de la nature). Mais ce volume se consacre tout particulièrement au fonctionnement et aux effets du silence, de l’implicite et du non-dit dans la pensée de Rousseau. Son approche est à la fois polyvalente et cohérente, et ses réflexions sur le silence sont associées à d’autres préoccupations esthétiques, politiques, et morales de son œuvre.

Silence, Implicite et Non-Dit chez Rousseau/Silence, the Implicit, and the Unspoken in Rousseau capitalizes on a great number of publications dealing with Rousseau’s analysis of languages and language, speech versus writing, of voice (including the voice of nature). But this volume is particularly dedicated to the study of the functioning and the effects of silence, the implicit and the unspoken in Rousseau’s thought. His approach is both polyvalent and consistent, and his reflections on silence are associated with other aesthetic, political, and moral concerns in his work.

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Fanxi Wang

Edited by Gregor Benton

Wang Fanxi, a leader of the Chinese Trotskyists, wrote this book on Mao more than fifty years ago. He did so while in exile in the then Portuguese colony of Macau, across the water from Hong Kong, where he had been sent in 1949 to represent his comrades in China, soon to disappear for decades into Mao’s jails. The book is an analytical study whose strength lies less in describing Mao’s life than in explaining Maoism and setting out a radical view on it as a political movement and a current of thought within the Marxist tradition to which both Wang and Mao belonged. With its clear and provoking thesis, it has, since its writing, stood the test of time far better than the hundreds of descriptive studies that have in the meantime come and gone.

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Edited by Lucilla Guidi and Thomas Rentsch

This volume, edited by Lucilla Guidi and Thomas Rentsch, establishes the first systematic connection between phenomenology and performativity. On the one hand, it outlines the performativity of phenomenology by exploring its enactment and the transformation of attitude it effects; this exploration is conducted through a number of parallels between phenomenology and the ancient understanding of philosophy as an exercise and a way of life. On the other hand, the volume examines different notions of performativity from a phenomenological perspective, so as to show that a phenomenological understanding of embodied experience complements a linguistic account of performativity and can also offer a ground for bodily practices of resistance, critique, and self-transformation in our own day and age.

Brill's Companion to Camus

Camus among the Philosophers

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Edited by Matthew Sharpe, Maciej Kałuża and Peter Francev

This book is the first English-language collection of essays by leading Camus scholars from around the world to focus on Albert Camus’ place and status as a philosopher amongst philosophers. After a thematic introduction, the dedicated chapters of Part 1 addresses Camus’ relations with leading philosophers, from the ancient Greeks to Jean-Paul Sartre (Augustine, Hume, Kant, Diderot, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard, Husserl, Hegel, Marx, Sartre). Part 2 contains pieces considering philosophical themes in Camus’ works, from the absurd in The Myth of Sisyphus to love in The First Man (the absurd, psychoanalysis, justice, Algeria, solidarity and solitude, revolution and revolt, art, asceticism, love).

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

The Division of Labour, The Politics of the Imagination and The Concept of Federal Government

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Michael Sonenscher

This is a book about the political thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Its aim is to explain why, for Rousseau, thinking about politics – whether as democratic sovereignty, representative government, institutionalised power, imaginative vision or a moment of decision – lay at the heart of what he called his “grand, sad system.” This book tracks the gradual emergence of the various components of that system and describes the connections between them. The result is a new and fresh interpretation of one of Europe’s most famous political thinkers, showing why Rousseau can be seen as one of the first theorists of the modern concept of civil society and a key source of the problematic modern idea of a federal system.

Partizipation ohne Demokratie

Über die Folgen der Netz- und Geopolitik von Facebook, Google, Amazon & Co.

Manfred Faßler

Sind Mensch-Medien-Vernetzungen demokratiefähig? Wie können Demokratieoptionen greifen, wenn das Individuum in der technischen Vokabel der User*in aufgelöst wird? Wenn sich Demokratie im ständigen Zugang zu allen Informationen manifestiert, wie funktioniert sie in einem System, das Informationen ‚vorsortiert‘? Die vorliegende Studie ist datentechnische Entwicklungsgeschichte und zukunftsorientiertes Gedankenexperiment zugleich.
Ausgehend von der Annahme, dass eine zunehmende gesellschaftliche Digitalwerdung – insbesondere durch Social-Media-Kanäle wie Facebook, Instagram und Twitter – weitreichende Sozialveränderungen bis hin zum Gesellschaftsersatz auslöst, stellt Manfred Faßler kritische Fragen an die derzeitige Konstitution von Sozialem und Politischem und dabei den Demokratiebegriff in den Fokus seiner Überlegungen.

A Humanist in Reformation Politics

Philipp Melanchthon on Political Philosophy and Natural Law

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Mads L. Jensen

This book is the first contextual account of the political philosophy and natural law theory of the German reformer Philipp Melanchthon (1497-1560). Mads Langballe Jensen presents Melanchthon as a significant political thinker in his own right and an engaged scholar drawing on the intellectual arsenal of renaissance humanism to develop a new Protestant political philosophy. As such, he also shows how and why natural law theories first became integral to Protestant political thought in response to the political and religious conflicts of the Reformation. This study offers new, contextual studies of a wide range of Melanchthon's works including his early humanist orations, commentaries on Aristotle's ethics and politics, Melanchthon's own textbooks on moral and political philosophy, and polemical works.