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International Institutional Law

Sixth Revised Edition

Henry G. Schermers and Niels M. Blokker

This sixth, revised edition of International Institutional Law covers the most recent developments in the field. Although public international organizations such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the African Union, ASEAN, the European Union, Mercosur, NATO and OPEC have broadly divergent objectives, powers, fields of activity and numbers of member states, they also share a wide variety of institutional characteristics. Rather than being a handbook for specific organizations, the book offers a comparative analysis of the institutional law of international organizations. It includes chapters on the rules and practices concerning membership, institutional structure, decision-making, financing, legal order, supervision and sanctions, legal status and external relations. The book’s theoretical framework and extensive use of case-studies is designed to appeal to both academics and practitioners.

Abdulqawi A. Yusuf

Le panafricanisme offre un point de vue privilégié permettant de rendre compte de l’évolution des rapports entre l’Afrique et le droit international. Tout d’abord, en tant que continent dont les entités politiques étaient exclues du champ d’application de la conception eurocentrique du droit international qui était en vigueur au sein du club des soi-disant «nations civilisées ». Ensuite, à travers l’émergence des Etats africains comme sujets de droit international prêts à contribuer à la réforme et au développement du droit en tant que système normatif interétatique universel. Enfin, en tant que membres de l’OUA et puis de l’UA, agissant collectivement pour l’élaboration de principes novateurs et des règles du droit international, qui malgré leur application limitée au contexte des relations intraafricaines, transcendent, d’une part, les règles similaires existantes au niveau universel, et, d’autre part, les complètent en élargissant leur champ d’application.
Le panafricanisme est passé d’un mouvement de la diaspora constitué d’individus et d’associations engagés dans le combat pour l’émancipation des peuples africains, à des regroupements d’Etats indépendants et d’organisations intergouvernementales. L’objectif de la présente étude
est de décrire et analyser les rapports entre le panafricanisme et le droit international à travers les différentes étapes de l’évolution du mouvement panafricaniste.

The Art of Making Peace

Lessons Learned from Peace Treaties

Edited by Steven van Hoogstraten, Nico Schrijver, Otto Spijkers and Anneleen de Jong

This unique volume looks at international peace treaties, at their results, effects and failures. It reflects the outcome of an international conference held in the Peace Palace (The Hague) on the occasion of the Centenary of this institution, which opened its doors on the eve of World War I.

The volume offers the reflections of the leading experts attending the conference and the open debate which followed. The Treaty of Versailles of 1919, the mother of all peace treaties, is the first to be critically discussed. How should this treaty be viewed with the knowledge of today? What are the lessons learned in the light of historic developments? Subsequently, the Dayton Agreement, which sealed the end to the bloody conflict in the former Yugoslavia (1992-1995), and the Sudan Agreement, which came into being after lengthy negotiations in 2005, are analysed in the same way. Finally, the situations which arose in relation to the devastating wars between Iran and Iraq (1980-1988) and between Kuwait and Iraq are discussed. As these states could not reach a settlement themselves, the United Nations Security Council imposed the terms of the ceasefire and peaceful cooperation in important and innovative resolutions.

The book offers additional perspective by looking at the role of judicial settlement by the International Court of Justice or the Permanent Court of Arbitration, vis-a-vis the instrument of political mediation between states with the help of a third party. Mediation can be very effective, but certain conditions are required for it to be successful, conditions which are not easy to bring about in today’s world. Dispute settlement under international law is and continues to be the core business in the Peace Palace.


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Elspeth Guild

This book examines the result of the 23 June 2016 UK referendum on leaving the EU where 51.9% of the eligible voters who voted chose to leave. Politicians and media have stressed not only that leave means leave, but also that much of the British voting public was motivated to vote leave by issues of immigration and border control. Guild investigates how the issue of EU citizenship became transformed into a discussion about immigration through four themes: the negotiations between the UK and the EU before the referendum; the nature of and difference between British and EU citizenship; the issue of third country national family members and the fears incited by the referendum in light of the rejection of expertise.

Transboundary Offshore Aquifers

A Search for a Governance Regime

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Renee Martin-Nagle

In Transboundary Offshore Aquifers: A Search for a Governance Regime, Renee Martin-Nagle explains the geologic origins of offshore freshwater aquifers and proposes a governance regime for offshore aquifers that are shared by two or more nations. While the existence of freshwater offshore aquifers under continental shelves has been known for decades, none discovered thus far straddle an international border. In the event that an offshore aquifer shared by two or more nations is identified and targeted for development, selection of a governance regime for the aquifer will present a unique challenge, and several current legal systems could provide valuable guidance. While laws addressing transboundary land-based aquifers are still in a nascent stage, customary international law for surface water has evolved over centuries and could provide analogous rules for development of another freshwater resource. This monograph explores principles for sharing natural resources and proposes a governance regime for transboundary offshore aquifers.

Water During and After Armed Conflicts

What Protection in International Law?

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Mara Tignino

In The Protection of Water During and After Armed Conflicts: What Protection in International Law?, Mara Tignino offers an analysis of the principles and rules protecting water in situations of armed conflicts. The monograph also gives insights on the legal mechanisms open to individuals and communities after a conflict. Practice of international organizations and judicial decisions are examined in order to define the contours of the norms dealing with armed conflicts and post-conflict situations.

Beyond international humanitarian law, the author suggests that other areas of international law should be taken into account such as human rights law and international water law. This comprehensive view aims at preventing damage to water resources and ensuring access to safe drinking water. Given the fragmentation of instruments and norms dealing with water in times of armed conflicts, it requires an in-depth examination of what means of international law may be developed to ensure a better protection to water.

Freshwater Boundaries Revisited

Recent Developments in International River and Lake Delimitation

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María Querol

In Freshwater Boundaries Revisited, María Querol analyzes the different methods applied in the delimitation of international rivers and lakes and the recent developments in the field. This monograph reassesses the diverse methods of boundary delimitation in view of the latest and abundant jurisprudence of the International Court of Justice and the tribunals under the aegis of the Permanent Court of Arbitration on the subject. The author focuses on the influence of human considerations in the field under study and the legal consequences ensuing therefrom, in addition to drawing some conclusions regarding freshwater boundaries.

The Changing Arctic and the European Union

A Book Based on the Report “Strategic Assessment of Development of the Arctic: Assessment Conducted for the European Union”

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Edited by Adam Stepien, Timo Koivurova and Paula Kankaanpää

The Changing Arctic and the European Union provides a balanced and up-to-date overview of the multidimensional change taking place in the Arctic regions. Against this background, the role of the European Union regarding Arctic developments is considered, including the ongoing process of formulating an umbrella EU Arctic policy. In particular, the themes of climate change, maritime transport, fisheries, offshore oil and gas extraction, mining, land use and sociocultural change are discussed. The book comprises primarily an updated and expanded version of the report Strategic Assessment of Development of the Arctic: An assessment conducted for the European Union, produced for the European Commission. The report was to a great extent based on the interaction with Arctic stakeholders.

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Edited by Karel Wellens

In the years to come the international legal order will have to face a broad range of challenges, of both an institutional and substantive nature. That is precisely the focus of this collective volume written by contributors from Flanders and the Netherlands. Although they are specialists in different fields of international law, what unites them is their position as Emeritus professors, with long and respected careers and a wealth of experience and insight. Their brief was to reflect - from their silver perspective - on the future of their respective fields and the most pressing challenges that lie ahead for them. The result is a fascinating, thought-provoking and above all original collection, offering the reader the benefit of the collective wisdom of this group of eminent "silver" scholars.

Hasard, ordre et changement

le cours du droit international

James Crawford

Comprendre le droit international, c’est en comprendre l’évolution dans le temps. L’ambition de ce cours est de promouvoir cette forme de connaissance, qui implique de se départir des présentations habituellement rencontrées dans les manuels, axées sur des thématiques comme les sources, les sujets, les compétences. Etudier le cours du droit international, c’est étudier ses problèmes irrésolus, qui, de ce fait même, mettent en cause son autonomie en tant que discipline. Or ces problèmes sont, sinon résolus, du moins atténués par une lecture novatrice de nos pratiques juridiques communes et de notre histoire partagée. L’accent est ainsi mis sur le processus, qui forme en vérité le droit international. En effet, les institutions internationales – au premier rang desquelles les Etats – se trouvent dans un rapport dialectique avec le droit : elles le façonnent tout en étant façonnées par lui, elles l’élaborent tout en étant élaborées par lui. Mais, pour illustrer ce rapport dialectique, le cours fait abondamment référence à la pratique. Partant, il est également un cours classique de droit international.