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Bohor reedbuck is a medium-sized, even-toed ungulate species endemic to Africa. Its population is gradually declining, and an estimation of Meta populations is required to determine its current population status and as an input for conservation action. To this end, this study aimed to investigate this species’ population size and diurnal activity patterns in the compound of Alage Agricultural College, Central rift valley of Ethiopia. A total count was conducted to determine the population size of Bohor reedbuck by dividing the study area into different blocks. Continuous focal animal observations were used to collect data on activity patterns by recording group activities with five minutes intervals. The results revealed that the mean population size of Bohor reedbuck counted during the study period was (SE) with a density of 1.74 per km2. Females formed the dominant group in the population. From the mean total population size of Bohor reedbucks, 47.42% were adults. The mean group size of Bohor reedbuck was (SE). Feeding (, 45.81%) was the dominant mean diurnal activity pattern of Bohor reedbuck, followed by Resting (, 31.91%), whereas grooming (, 3.51%) was the least performed activity. There was a significant difference between the diurnal activities performed by Bohor reedbuck (). The studied compound is an important refuge for this species, and minimum management interference can increase the population size of Bohor reedbuck in the area.

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution


The Song dynasty established a standing naval force, which was ignored by some historians since Song lost its defensive wars to the Jin and Mongol forces. This article examines improvements and innovations of Chinese naval operations during Song and pays particular attention to how the state economic reforms and state-centered financial system supported naval development. Song’s population growth and demographic changes also provided manpower for the government to maintain a huge army while establishing a large navy. As the new age of naval and siege warfare emerged, gunpowder weapons and new naval technology became more widespread. The Chinese military adapted to naval warfare during the Southern Song because it was economically and technologically possible. The south’s mastery of riverine warfare created a substantial defensive advantage against the north. Thus, when the Mongols later mastered riverine warfare, they penetrated throughout the south.

In: Journal of Chinese Military History


The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the contribution of Fetha Negest to the development of Ethiopia’s legal system and to evaluate the present judges’ appointment law of Ethiopia in line with indigenous sources. It focuses particularly on Fetha Negest, which had a significant impact on Ethiopia’s judicial system until the early 1940s. To this effect, the research for this paper discovered chapter 43 of the Fetha Negest and the federal judicial administration proclamation No. 1233/2021 through critical review. The paper thus finds that the current laws do not confirm Fetha Negest as their source and instead opt to transplant legal ideas from other countries. Due to this, the laws have been repeatedly amended and lack acceptance. Moreover, these transplanted laws face the issue of compatibility with the local culture. Legislators and concerned bodies should thus turn to indigenous sources before adopting external ideas.

In: Journal of Religion in Africa


Neo-Prophetic churches in Ghana are the fastest growing churches and have been highly criticised, but little is known about their teachings and potential impacts on adolescent congregants. The present study explored the content and impacts of the teachings of a Neo-Prophetic church on the well-being and character development of adolescent congregants. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 adolescents aged between thirteen to nineteen years in a Neo-Prophetic church in Accra, Ghana. Following thematic analysis, the findings suggest that although the Neo-Prophetic church’s teachings have positive content that equipped adolescents with virtues, survival and leadership skills, and support for career development, there are negative elements that may cause adolescents to develop depression and low self-esteem, lack of reasoning and discernment skills, and potentially negative attitudes toward women. The implications of the findings are discussed.