By analyzing the wide opposition to the building of a waste incineration power plant in G City, this paper describes the pattern of women’s participation in environmental contention. It shows how women choose to move between home and society in that participation: prompted by concerns about environmental risks, they go out from the home to the frontlines of anti-incinerator protest and then come back to their communities to promote domestic waste recycling. This choice of action has the protection of home as its emotional impetus. The arena of activity is the community, and women operate freely there, employing a dual strategy combining opposition and cooperation. The authors conclude that environmental contention is a very new area for women’s participation in public life; within such contention the limitations placed on women by traditional culture and women’s role as main actors in the protests coexist. There is scope for further exploration of the linkages between gender roles and contention.