Cars, Conduits and Kampongs offers a wide panorama of the modernization of the cities in Indonesia between 1920 and 1960. The contributions present a case for asserting that Indonesian cities were not merely the backdrop to processes of modernization and rising nationalism, but formed a causal factor. Modernization, urbanization, and decolonization were intrinsically linked. The various chapters deal with such innovations as the provision of medical treatments, fresh water and sanitation, the implementation of town planning and housing designs, and policies for coping with increased motorized traffic and industrialization. The contributors share a broad critique of the economic and political dimensions of colonialism, but remain alert to the agency of colonial subjects who respond, often critically, to a European modernity.
Contributors include: Freek Colombijn, Joost Coté, Saki Murakami, Michelle Kooy, Karen Bakker, Pauline K.M. van Roosmalen, Hans Versnel, Farabi Fakih, Radjimo Sastro Wijono, Gustaaf Reerink, Arjan Veering, Johny A. Khusyairi, Purnawan Basundoro, Ida Liana Tanjung, and Sarkawi B. Husain.
Works of art are material and materials have meaning. They determine form, style, and effect and are often chosen intentionally by artists to convey artistic ideas and reinforce expressive effects. An artist's choice of materials both limits and opens up technical possibilities. Depending on their geographical occurrence, rarity or composite nature, materials are valued, compared and imitated; processes that stimulate innovation in the arts. Materials are also charged with manifold cultural connotations, conveying power, beauty, splendor or humbleness. Despite the richness of the topic, the relation between meaning and materials has been neglected in the past. This volume of the
Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek strives to redress this lacuna, highlighting important links between visual and material culture. The essays written by a number of international, renowned scholars approach a variety of materials in their particular historical, cultural and technological settings, uncovering new and surprising meanings in alabaster, oil paint, glass, wood, stone, copper, ebony, paper, and snow.
Table of Contents
Ann-Sophie Lehmann, How materials make meaning
Michele Tomasi, Matériaux, techniques, commanditaires et espaces. Le système des retables à la chartreuse de Champmol
Kim Woods, The Master of Rimini and the tradition of alabaster carving in the early fifteenth-century Netherlands
Alabastrum, id est, corpus hominis. Alabaster in the Low Countries, a cultural history
Koenraad Jonckheere, Images of stone. The physicality of art and the image debates in the sixteenth century
Ralph Dekoninck, Between denial and exaltation. The material of the miraculous images of the Virgin in the Southern Netherlands during the seventeenth century
Thijs Weststeijn, The gender of colors in Dutch art theory
Nadja Baadj, A world of materials in a cabinet without drawers: Reframing Jan van Kessel’s
The four parts of the world Martha Moffitt Peacock, Paper as power. Carving a niche for the female artist in the work of Joanna Koerten
Frits Scholten, Malleable marble. The Antwerp snow sculptures of 1772