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Edited by Marc Maufort and Jessica Maufort

In the years that followed the end of Apartheid, South African theatre was characterized by a remarkable productivity, which resulted in a process of constant aesthetic reinvention. After 1994, the “protest” theatre template of the Apartheid years morphed into a wealth of diverse forms of stage idioms, detectable in the works of Greg Homann, Mike van Graan, Craig Higginson, Lara Foot, Omphile Molusi, Nadia Davids, Magnet Theatre, Rehane Abrahams, Amy Jephta, and Reza de Wet, to cite only a few prominent examples. Marc and Jessica Maufort’s multivocal edited volume documents some of the various ways in which the “rainbow” nation has forged these innovative stage idioms. This book’s underlying assumption is that creolization reflects the processes of identity renegotiation in contemporary South Africa and their multi-faceted theatrical representations.

Contributors: Veronica Baxter, Marcia Blumberg, Vicki Briault Manus, Petrus du Preez, Paula Fourie, Craig Higginson, Greg Homann, Jessica Maufort, Marc Maufort, Omphile Molusi, Jessica Murray, Jill Planche, Ksenia Robbe, Mathilde Rogez, Chris Thurman, Mike van Graan, and Ralph Yarrow

Non-Person

Grenzen des Humanen in Literatur, Kultur und Medien

Series:

Edited by Stephanie Catani and Stephanie Waldow

Mit dem Begriff der Non-Person nimmt der Band rechtliche, medizinische, politische und gesellschaftliche Inklusions- wie Exklusionsverfahren in den Blick, die über das Mensch-Sein, den Personenstatus und seine Grenzen bestimmen.
Der Band versucht den Begriff der Person vor dem Hintergrund seiner breiten interdisziplinären Semantik zu definieren und nimmt spezifisch ästhetische Figurationen von Non-Persons in den Blick. Medial vermittelte wie literarisch imaginierte Non-Persons lassen sich etwa dort untersuchen, wo sie als Grenzgänger geltende Binäroppositionen sichtbar machen und deren identitätsstabilisierendes wie -destabilisierendes Potenzial kritisch befragen. Besondere Brisanz erfährt der Begriff durch weltweite Flucht- und Migrationsbewegungen, die nicht erst im 21. Jahrhundert die Frage nach der menschenrechtlichen Situation Flüchtender, Staatenloser und Asylsuchender dringlich werden lassen.

Ungeheurer Atlantik

Absenz und Wiederkehr in ausgewählten atlantischen Poetiken des 20. Jahrhunderts

Series:

Eleonore Zapf

Während der Atlantik in der Antike als unüberwindbar galt, verwandelte er sich im Zeitalter der modernen Globalisierung in einen transmarinen Raum der ständigen Bewegung und Aushandlung verschiedener kultureller Konzepte. Doch auch in diesem aufgeklärten Kontext behält der Atlantik in der poetischen Phantasie noch immer Merkmale des Ungeheuren.
Das Verdrängte taucht auf unheimliche Weise wieder auf und konfrontiert die Kulturgeschichte mit ihrer vergessenen Vergangenheit. Der Band erweitert US-amerikanische Ansätze der Atlantic Studies um spanische, lusitanische und karibische Sichtweisen und analysiert atlantische Texte von Fernando Pessoa, Édouard Glissant, Derek Walcott und Manuel Padorno.

Series:

Erin Shay

A Grammar of Pévé is the first full description of the Pévé language, a member of the Chadic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Pévé is spoken in parts of the southwestern area of the Republic of Chad and the Northern province of the Republic of Cameroon. The grammar will add to information and analyses concerning Afro-Asiatic languages and will help Pévé speakers preserve their language, history, cultural activities, and intercultural relations. The goal of the volume is to document and preserve the language for the benefit of generations to come and to make characteristics of the language available for further research in linguistics, history, anthropology, sociology and related fields.

Anfangen und Aufhören

Kulturwissenschaftliche Zugänge zum Ersten und Letzten

Edited by Stefan Neuhaus and Petra Kindhäuser

Niemand kann sagen, was vor dem Anfang des Lebens war und was nach dessen Ende kommt – oder ob es überhaupt Anfang und Ende gibt, die unabhängig sind von kulturellen Mustern. Das Weltbild der Moderne baut allerdings auf solchen Unterscheidungen auf. Denken wir nur zum Beispiel an Immanuel Kant, der dem Menschen einen freien Willen zugesteht, weil er die Fähigkeit hat, sich an den Anfang von etwas zu setzen.

Der vorliegende Band versammelt Texte aus verschiedenen kulturwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen, die unterschiedliche Perspektiven auf Anfang und Ende entwickeln und, an ausgewählten Beispielen, chronologisch und thematisch ein weites Feld abdecken – von der Antike bis zur Postmoderne, von historischen Quellen bis zum Film, von der Philosophie bis zur Medienwissenschaft, von William Shakespeare bis Michael Ende, von ersten Sätzen in der Literatur bis zu Schlüssen in der Musik. Das ist sicher nicht das Ende der Beschäftigung mit dem Thema, aber immerhin ein – hoffentlich vielversprechender – Anfang!

Drawing the Divine Seed

India, Alterity and the Real in the Works of J.M. Coetzee

Anas Tabraiz

Abstract

This article connects the disparate references to India in Coetzee’s writings to his core debate on ethics. Coetzee’s novels are in dialogue with the Western philosophical and psychoanalytic tradition that privileges an intersubjective reality over the reality of the objective world. This tradition sees the common Indians, and the natives of colonies, indifferently poised at the threshold of humanity. Being barely human these indifferent multitudes are seen as dispensable objects devoid of ethical claims. Coetzee’s metafiction highlights the ways in which the intersubjective community uses language and signification to produce a closed consensual reality against the open truths of the objective world. Coetzee’s snippets from India interweave the reality of a world oblivious to Western sentience and cognition. His efforts at pulling the obscure into the divine light of the rational community becomes comparable to drawing the divine seed to fertilize an abandoned and banished version of the Eternal Feminine.

From the Atlantic to the Indo-Pacific

Creolisation, Magic, and Mimesis in Oceanic Networks

Fernando Rosa

Abstract

In this paper I attempt to tackle the issues of creolisation, magic, and mimesis, as well as colonialism. I will approach this last via the the first three. I begin by discussing two travel and ethnographic accounts, and then a piece by Diderot. I also discuss Taussig’s work. My overall argument, following closely on the heels of Diderot’s and Taussig’s work, but also somewhat expanding them, is that writing ethnography or any account of ‘others’ involves closely linked and complex processes of creolisation, mimesis, and magic. There is also, of course, a personal dimension to them. Such processes in fact affect not only ethnographic writing, but perhaps any writing. I also include myself in this narrative, albeit only marginally, as someone born and raised in Brazil, perhaps the most famous hub of creolisation ever, and who ventures not only across the South Atlantic, but eventually also into the Indo-Pacific world.

Michael Cawood Green

Abstract

In this creative/critical paper, a recent migrant to the UK attempts to negotiate ideas of Africanness and Englishness through the rewriting of places linked by a statue in a small Northumberland village commemorating the death of a local officer killed in the ‘Anglo-Boer War.’ Drawing on two recent and influential theoretical developments, the ‘mobility turn’ within the social sciences and the ‘spectral turn’ in cultural criticism, this paper is a ficto-critical experiment in finding an appropriate creative form to test the generic implications of the major, and yet largely still unreflected, issue of migration and immigration/emigration in post-apartheid writing. It explores the unsettling ways in which places are not so much geographically fixed as implicated within complex circuits at once contingent and the product of material relations of power.

Annie Gagiano

Abstract

This article assesses representations of imprisonment without trial and inmates’ torture in three novels depicting severely repressive, murderous regimes—Malawi’s under Hastings Banda, Ethiopia’s under the Derg, and Kenya’s under colonial and successive post-colonial rulers. In The Detainee (Kayira 1974), the narrative of a naïve, apolitical villager’s unjust detention highlights unrestrained power abuse through minions and gradually uncovers atrocities. Under the Lion’s Gaze (Mengiste 2010) depicts several visceral, appalling scenes of torture as a technique of intimidation. Dust (Owuor 2014) has fewer, but harrowingly intense scenes of pain infliction on prisoners as a political tool to silence opposition. All three texts establish their importance as archival evaluations of under-reported regimes, African literary artworks, and morally responsible evocations of undeserved suffering, communicating effectively with both local and international readerships.