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Edited by Masamichi Sasaki

Series:

Shiqiu Zhang

Abstract

The year 2014 is considered the 20th anniversary of the non-governmental environmental protection movement in China. As one of the hallmarks in the development of an environmental civil society, China’s non-governmental organizations for environmental protection are continuously developing and growing, have participated in environmental governance at various levels, and have made irreplaceable contributions to China’s environmental governance.

Series:

Hongjuan Chen and Boping Chen

Abstract

This paper analyses the status quo, characteristics and trends of China’s sustainable consumption in the context of China Urbanization Plan 2014–2020. The paper emphasizes the importance of sustainable consumption in China through comparison of ecological footprint and biocapacity, analyses the advocacy activities for reducing the ecological footprint, and then assesses the accelerated formula to promote sustainable consumption in the midst of the new wave of the national urbanization.

Series:

Dan Chen, Mingche Lin and Fuqiang Yang

Abstract

This chapter stresses that the total quantity control of coal consumption is crucial for the low-carbon green transformation of energy in China. Coal mining, transportation and its utilization exert a great impact on ecology, the environment, public health and climate change, and incur very high external costs in social and economic fields. Coal is the chief culprit for air pollution, haze, solid wastes and water pollution. China is the largest carbon dioxide emitter. Coal consumption must first be reduced prior to reaching its peak by 2030.

Series:

Lijian Zhao

Abstract

A plenty of measures were taken to control air pollution and thus improve the air quality in Beijing and its surrounding areas during the APEC Meeting in 2014. According to Beijing’s official evaluation, as various measures were adopted during that meeting, the emission of pollutants was reduced by 50% on average, while the air quality was improved by 61.6% compared with that in the case of not taking those measures. The revelation from “APEC Blue” indicates that air pollution is preventable and controllable, but long-term improvement of the air quality cannot rely on short-term means and it should require long-term measures, while the transformation of the economic growth pattern and vigorous law enforcement supervision are particularly important. Air improvement entails costs, but the win-win outcome—clean air and economic growth—can be achieved. In order to turn “APEC Blue” into “Normal Blue” and “China Blue,” China should carry out the following work: improve the legal and regulatory foundation and reinforce law enforcement supervision; establish a perfect policy framework and a management system; strengthen scientific decision-making and the executive capability of local governments; give full play to the roles of the economic and market means; further reinforce disclosure of environmental information and public participation.

Series:

Jianrong Qie

Abstract

The amendment to the Environmental Protection Law was adopted in April 2004. It provides that punishment is imposed on a daily basis, seizure and attachment are introduced, and administrative detention is enforced against law breakers; it reinforces information disclosure and public participation, and specifies the qualifications of the subject for environmental public interest litigations, thus it is considered as the strictest environmental protection law. However, the prospects for the enforcement of this law have not been optimistic. In the actual legal environment, the problems that laws are not strictly enforced and lawbreakers are not punished are severe and lingering. Those prominent problems that the environmental protection law enforcement team has not made much progress, is unable to conduct investigations, takes no necessary actions and has an arbitrary conduct due to various factors, cannot be changed in a short time. Relevant departments face severe tests in effectively enhancing the capability for enforcing the new Environmental Protection Law. The draft amendment to the Air Pollution Prevention and Control Law has been finalized in dispute and submitted to the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress for deliberation. The making of the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law and the Nuclear Safety Law is underway.