Copying Mashaf Al-Quran with handwriting became a tradition of the Malay community once upon a time as a vehicle for the spread of Islam in the archipelago. As a result, the scientific heritage of the Islamic community in the form of manuscripts or printed materials produced with high quality. Therefore, this article’s purpose is to elucidate the history of the al-Quran manuscript writing in Indonesia, and also explain in detail about the history of al-Quran manuscript writing in Madura besides the focuses on the codicology found in al-Quran manuscript MSS 4322 which has been collected in the National Library of Malaysia. This study uses a qualitative approach with philological methods. The findings show that the history of the writing of the Qurʾan in Madura took place in line with the arrival and spread of Islam in the region of Madura in the 15th century AD. Based on the codicological analysis it was found that this manuscript came from the country of Madura, Indonesia. This is because it was written in the manuscripts that Pangeran Jimat was ruler of Madura in the 18th century AD. The writing uses daluang paper with a naskhi style writing model. This research shows that the rasm used in the mashaf tends more to rasm Imlaʾi. The beautiful illumination is with the drawing of spiral leaves as a result of a combination of various colors. The findings show that the author submits a proposal so that this manuscript can be digitized as a scholarly heritage so that it will last for a long time and help the community to more easily access it in a digital form that is sustainable in nature. In conclusion, this manuscript of the Qurʾan is a masterpiece that will enhance the dignity and writings of previous scholars academically and more authoritatively to the digital generation, especially in the field of the Qurʾan.
Gen Z is a group of people who are more inclined towards virtual communication. This inclination has been influenced by their dependency on the smart phone and social media that results in internet addiction. Without realising it, their interpersonal communication skills are affected which among others is active listening (AL). Gen Z was found to have difficulty practicing an effective listening process when interacting with others face-to-face as the focus was more directed towards the device. To overcome this issue, references from the al-Quran on AL has been analysed with a focus on the element of mind building with listening (MBL). This research uses the qualitative method and data collected are from the books of exegesis that discusses this component of MBL and literature from previous research. A total of six verses of the Quran themed ‘سَمِع’ were selected and analyzed. Five tafsir books are referred to as primary sources to discuss the interpretation of sentences by focusing on the components in PMA. The results showed that suggested five components that could improve AL among Gen Z are to i) apply the value of Iman ii) receive and give attention iii) think, understand and evaluate iv) enquire and to v) respond and take action. It is therefore hoped that gen Z will benefit from this MBL and to practice it in communication that will consequently improve their interpersonal relationships with those important to them.