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Many laws in the Old Greek translation of the Covenant Code do not say the same thing as the Hebrew text. In the past, various idiosyncrasies in the Greek translation of laws that involve the death penalty had been glossed over and considered stylistic variations or grammatical outliers. However, when the text-linguistic features of the Greek translation are compared to contemporary literary, documentary, and legal Greek sources, new readings emerge: cursing a parent is no longer punishable by death; a law about bestiality becomes a law about animal husbandry; the authority of certain legal commands is deregulated. This work explores these and other new readings in comparison with contemporary Greco-Egyptian law.
Editors: , , and
Scholarly studies of law and related issues in the ancient Near East.
Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents deals with legal texts written in Bactrian, an eastern Middle Iranian language, between the 4th and 8th centuries CE. The work aims to give insight in the Bactrian legal formulary as well as its historical context. In order to achieve that, the author carefully examines the terms and phrases in the legal documents and clarifies their function. Then he explores the historical background of expressions and wordings. To this end, he uses documents from other regions of the Near East spanning from Egypt to Turkestan.
In: Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents
In: Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents
In: Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents
In: Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents
In: Studies of Bactrian Legal Documents
Edited by Michael Waibel

With the contribution of / avec la collaboration de:
M. M. Albornoz
R. Ben Khelifa
G. Bianco
E. Castellarin
A. De Luca
S. De Vido
F. Giansetto
F. Ghodoosi
A. Hertogen
C. Kleiner
H. Kupelyants
R. Rajesh Babu
C. J. Rault
A. Viterbo
Plusieurs phénomènes justifient de jeter un éclairage sur le concept de citoyenneté en droit international. D’un côté la mobilité des personnes, qui s’est accentuée dans la dernière partie du vingtième siècle, s’est traduite par la multiplication des nationalités multiples. D’un autre côté, le phénomène migratoire souvent lié à des crises, contribue à perpétuer la situation d’apatridie, et à interpeller le droit international. Mais un processus tel que l’internationalisation des droits de l’homme, peut aussi avoir un impact sur le droit de la nationalité. Par ailleurs, dans le cadre d’organisations régionales, on assiste à l’émergence de nouvelles formes de citoyenneté. Ce phénomène s’ajoutant à la persistance de citoyennetés historiques contribute à questionner le concept de citoyenneté en droit international.
Pour tenter d’y apporter des réponses, cet ouvrage envisage d’abord des aspects théoriques communs, qui se posent au niveau universel, avant de développer des aspects au niveau régional. Il essaie ainsi d’enrichir une réflexion en cours dans la communauté scientifique et au-delà, relative aux questions liées à la nationalité et à la citoyenneté.

Several trends justify why it is worth analysing the concept of citizenship in international law. On the one hand, human mobility enhanced in the last decades of the twentieth century contributed largely to the multiplication of multiple citizenship. The phenomenon of migration, often linked to crises, fosters statelessness and presents new challenges to international law. The internationalization of human rights can accordingly have an impact on the law of nationality. Moreover, within the framework of regional organizations, new forms of citizenship are emerging. This phenomenon, going hand in hand with the traditional, historybased citizenship is also contributing to the challenges that the concept of citizenship faces in international law.
Attempting to get answers to these questions, the volume tackles first common theoretical aspects at a universal level to be followed later by the analysis of the regional aspects. It tries to deepen the ongoing discussion in the scientific community and among the greater public on nationality and citizenship issues.