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In modern life, an identity document bearing a photograph is an indispensable feature. Yet this connection between physical appearance and legal identity is not as modern as it may seem. In Graeco-Roman Egypt, Greek texts also bore “lexical photographs”: standardised, detailed physical descriptions (eikones) of individuals including height, skin colour, hair texture, the shape of the nose and face, and other identifiers like body modifications and disabilities. For the first time, this book collects the nearly 4000 extant eikones and their role in society, bringing the images of real individuals to life within the everyday biometric system in which they acted, worked, and relied upon for identification.
This volume lays theoretical and methodological groundwork for the analysis of Mesopotamian literature. A comprehensive first chapter by the editors explores critical contemporary issues in Sumerian and Akkadian narrative analysis, and nine case studies written by an international array of scholars test the responsiveness of Sumerian and Akkadian narratives to diverse approaches drawn from literary studies and theories of fiction. Included are intertextual and transtextual analyses, studies of narrative structure and focalization, and treatments of character and characterization. Works considered include the Standard Babylonian Gilgamesh Epic and many other Sumerian and Akkadian narratives of gods, heroes, kings, and monsters.
[Nawāḍir al-Ayk fī Nawādir al-Nayk: An New Edition of al-Suyūṭī's Work on Erotica Literature]
هذه الطبعة من كتاب نواضر الأيك في نوادر النيك للعلامة الإسلامي جلال الدين السيوطي، والتي كثيرا ما أثارت الجدل في الأوساط العلمية والشعبية على حد سواء، مهمة جدا من عدة جوانب. إنها ليست فقط الطبعة العلمية الأولى للأعمال المثيرة الشعبية التي كتبها السيوطي أو المنسوبة إليه، ولكنها أيضًا دراسة متعمقة لهذه الأعمال وبعض مصادرها التي لم تتم دراسة معظمها بعد.
لقد تم إهمال هذا النوع من الأدب الأيروتيكي العربي في فترة ما قبل الحداثة منذ فترة طويلة من قبل الباحثين الجادين والعديد من الأعمال الموجودة معيبة، لكنه الآن يتوسع بسرعة، وهناك حاجة ماسة إلى طبعات ودراسات موثوقة. سيكون هذا العمل مهمًا جدًا للباحثين والطلاب المهتمين بالأدب العربي و/أو وجهات النظر الإسلامية حول الحياة الجنسية، لأن الطبعات عادة ما تكون غير نقدية، وبالتالي غير مرضية، في حين أن هذه الطبعة مصنوعة باستخدام دراسات موثوقة وتفي بمعايير الطبعة الاستثنائية.

This edition of Nawāḍir al-Ayk fī Nawādir al-Nayk by the Islamic scholar Jalāl al-Dīn al-Suyūṭī, which has often sparked controversy in scholarly and popular circles alike, is very important from several aspects. It is not only the first scholarly edition of popular erotic works written by or attributed to al-Suyūṭī, but also an in-depth study of these works and some of their sources that most of which are understudied.
The genre of premodern Arabic erotic literature has long been neglected by serious scholars and many of the existing works are flawed, but now it is rapidly expanding, and there is a critical need of reliable editions and studies. This work will be very important for scholars and students who are interested in Arabic literature and/or Islamic perspectives on sexuality, because the editions are usually uncritical and, hence, unsatisfactory, whereas this edition is made using reliable studies and meets the standards of an exceptional edition.
Prayer in the Ancient World is the resource on prayer in the ancient Near East and Mediterranean. With over 350 entries it showcases a robust selection of the range of different types of prayers attested from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Anatolia, the Levant, early Judaism and Christianity, Greece, Rome, Arabia, and Iran, enhanced by critical commentary.

The Prayer in the Ancient World will also be available online.

Preview of the 'Prayer in the Ancient World’, 2022
The monographs series Cuneiform Monographs has rightly been called the 'flagship' of STYX Publications, now owned by Brill. It presents the reader with a number of outstanding monographs, each of an outstanding quality and tasteful presentation. Brill is happy to call your attention to the following important titles from the recent past which may have escaped your notice earlier, and certainly deserve a wide audience. For a full list, please contact Brill's Customer Service Department at, or visit our website at

The series published an average of one volume per year over the last 5 years.
Publishes ancient Babylonian letters from museums and collections throughout the world, with translations and scholarly commentary.
Within the broad range of the history, religion, society, and literature of the ancient Near East, titles in this series may treat an individual text or a topic that extends across a variety of texts and other sources. While the text or topic often has to do with the Hebrew Bible and ancient Israel, it can focus on other ancient Near Eastern cultures. Published volumes may be revised doctoral dissertations or other scholarly works of comparable importance.

The Harvard Semitic Monographs series publishes volumes from the Harvard Museum of the Ancient Near East. Other series offered by Brill that publish volumes from the Museum include Harvard Semitic Studies and Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant,
Supplements to Aramaic Studies serves as a companion to the journal Aramaic Studies by providing a publishing venue for book-length studies in any area related to Aramaic. The editors welcome submissions on any dialect of Aramaic, from Old Aramaic and Achaemenid Aramaic to Neo-Aramaic in all its diversity, from Hatran, Palmyrene and Nabatean through biblical and Qumran Aramaic to the dialects of the Late Roman and Byzantine periods, including Syriac, Mandaic, and the various Jewish dialects. A variety of scholarly approaches are possible: historical, philological, linguistic, exegetical, literary or theological. Critical editions of primary sources are also welcome.

For the journal Aramaic Studies please click here.


This article identifies eleven cases where the editors of DJD XVII, the Samuel scrolls from Qumran, claim that one of the scrolls agrees with LXX but they have misread, and in some instances misidentified, the fragment. These cases are analyzed by using Photoshop to superimpose extant characters directly onto digital images of the fragments. The editors’ errors suggest that some circular thinking may have crept into their work: their belief that the Samuel scrolls are closely related to LXX caused them to see agreements that were not there, which in turn confirmed their belief in the close relationship.

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