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This book examines material and multi-sensorial expressions of Shiʿi Islam in diverse, and understudied demographic and geographic contexts.It engages with conceptual debates and makes several propositions that push the frontiers of scholarship on Islamic and Religious Studies, Material Religion, Heritage Studies, and Anthropology and Sociology of Religion.The contributions presented in this volume demonstrate how material things and less thing-like materialities make the praesentia and potentia of the Sacred tangible, how they cultivate intimate relations between human and more-than-human beings, and how they act as links and gateways to the Elsewhere and Otherworldly. The volume posits that materialities of religion are integral to processes of heritagization shaped by competing social and political actors involved in the construction and canonization of religious—in this case, Shiʿi—heritage.
The single most important imperative of contemporary linguistics is to document, describe, and analyze endangered languages and other lesser-known languages and dialects. This open access, peer-reviewed series publishes titles on poorly studied languages and dialects around the world, and especially welcomes contributions on languages of Japan and the rest of the Asia-Pacific region. Single and multi-authored monographs discussing a single language or multiple languages are welcome, as well as thematic collections of contributions by various scholars. Authors not affiliated with the National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL) or with the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa (UHM) are encouraged to apply for open access funding with their own institutions or with relevant private or governmental funding organizations. Information about open access publishing with Brill may be found here.

Interested scholars may contact the Acquisition Editor at Brill, Dr Uri Tadmor. Please direct all other correspondence to Associate Editor Elisa Perotti.
Diaspora, Empire, and Race
Series Editor:
This innovative book series explores the gendered nature of the Pacific World by focusing on three phenomena: Diaspora, Empire, and Race. It features how people have dispersed across the Pacific for trade, labor, migration, cultural exchange, and military engagement. These migrations rarely occur in gendered balanced ways, resulting in “bachelor” societies in the receiving country and “stranded” women in the sending country. At other times, female migrants have been in the forefront of migration. The Pacific has also been the site of multiple empires – Asian, European, and American. These colonial powers were invested in managing the gender and sexual relations among and between “natives” and “colonizers.” Finally, the phenomenon of migration and political expansion coincided with racializing processes that established social hierarchies based on naturalized assumptions of biological difference. Here again, gender was essential to these efforts. Gendering the Trans-Pacific World seeks scholarship that offers original approaches to understanding these complex power relations. It welcomes social and cultural history and biography as well as interdisciplinary works that examine art, photography, film, and literature.

Manuscripts should be at least 90,000 words in length (including footnotes and bibliography). Manuscripts may also include illustrations and other visual material. The editors will consider proposals for original monographs, edited collections, translations, and critical primary source editions.

Authors are cordially invited to submit proposals and/or full manuscripts by email to the publisher Jason Prevost. Please direct all other correspondence to Associate Editor Simona Casadio.

*A paperback edition of select titles in the series, for individual purchase only, will be released approximately 12 months after publication of the hardcover edition.

Volume Editors: and
Contests over heritage in Asia are intensifying and reflect the growing prominence of political and social disputes over historical narratives shaping heritage sites and practices, and the meanings attached to them. These contests emphasize that heritage is a means of narrating the past that demarcates, constitutes, produces, and polices political and social borders in the present. In its spaces, varied intersections of actors, networks, and scales of governance interact, negotiate and compete, resulting in heritage sites that are cut through by borders of memory.

This volume, edited by Edward Boyle and Steven Ivings, and with contributions from scholars across the humanities, history, social sciences, and Asian studies, interrogates how particular actors and narratives make heritage and how borders of memory shape the sites they produce.
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In the late twentieth century, former industrial warehouses throughout the globe have found a new lease of life as ideal spaces for the exhibition of contemporary arts. Following the diversification of artistic practices at the turn of the 1960s, abandoned factories offered ideal opportunities for the development of new artistic forms such as installation and performative works. In parallel, former military and surveillance sites have on occasion encountered a similar fate. In Southeast Asia, the transformation of former military barracks and compounds into exhibition spaces runs parallel to the regeneration of industrial buildings. In the cultural repurposing of military infrastructures, however, a question arises as to the remaining visibility and agency of their former function. To what extent, in what manner, does the weight of history transpire within the walls of the gallery? This chapter aims to reflect on the repurposed functionalities of different types of former military sites in Southeast and East Asia, and the manner through which military history and heritage survives in these places, visibly and invisibly. Repurposed military and surveillance sites offer an opportunity to consider the changing textures of geopolitics, and the ongoing interrogations they ask of our contemporary societies.

In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific
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This chapter examines the postwar fate of Japan’s Asia-Pacific war relics and sites through the example of the Imperial Japanese Army 16th Division garrison in Kyoto’s Fushimi Ward. Since its move to Kyoto in 1907, the 16th Division played a major part in the Asia-Pacific War including some of its darker episodes such as the 1937 Nanking Massacre. After the war, the 16th Division garrison was repurposed as schools and residential areas, while various veterans and war bereaved groups sought to memorialize and commemorate the former Japanese Army there. Yet in the process, much of the site’s ruinous past was forgotten or downplayed. This changed in the 1980s when groups of civic activists and historians sought to reinsert critical memories and histories at the garrison, as well as to use the site to teach about the horrors of war and the importance of peace. But these efforts were met with fierce resistance from some of the former garrison’s other stakeholders, and the issue of how to narrate and remember the past remains contested at the site today. This chapter argues that the roots of this contestation lie in the underlying tension between memory, history, and heritage. While no longer a simple ‘site of memory’, the garrison remains averse to being incorporated into critical histories of its past, and is thus stuck at the border of memory and history.

In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific
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In the official narrative of the postcolonial Singaporean state, Chinatown is the cradle of Chinese community development, but such a claim can be made only retrospectively. The maintenance of Chinatown in Singapore demonstrates the official desire to establish cultural, ethnic, and historical links between a lived present and an imagined past. By extension, Chinatown is defined as a Chinese cradle on the basis of a constructed and highly essentialized Chinese identity in Singapore. This chapter suggests that an essentially new Chinatown has resulted from the state’s urban redevelopment plans. No longer organic in its growth and composition, the new Chinatown nonetheless has the symbols – pagodas, red lanterns, stone lions, and Chinatown arches – that would strike the casual tourist as being intuitively Chinese. At the national level, the mere existence of the new Chinatown has reduced or simplified the diversity of Chinese communities in Singapore, subsuming the various dialect groups under the Chinese label. The transformation of Chinatown is best exemplified in its Chinese New Year celebrations, which feature the participation of other ethnic groups in Singapore, notably the Indians and Malays. The site and festivities have become multiracial, in line with the official narrative that Singapore is a multiracial and socially harmonious nation. In effect, the new Chinatown has evolved into not only a transnational heritage site but also a multiracial showroom of cultural diversity contributing to nation-building in Singapore.

In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific
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The conclusion brings together the themes of the volume, and emphasizes the heuristic value of using borders to think through how heritage comes into being, and the significance of a multiplicity of borders to its creation, contested nature, and maintenance. The cases presented across the volume demonstrate the varied geographical, physical, political, generational, temporal, psychological and cultural borders that come to shape the meanings accorded to sites of heritage being preserved into the future. The conclusion then moves on to discuss the heritage-related imaginaries which may be necessary for sustaining interest in specific heritages, and which should therefore be analysed when reflecting on what the future holds for the sites featured in this book. The borders of memory approach offers a powerful framework through which to chart the potential trajectories of heritage status and survival into the future. By identifying where borders of memory lie and how contestations at those meeting points run through processes of heritage creation, preservation and disappearance, a more nuanced picture emerges of what the past means in our present-day lives.

In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific

Abstract

The disasters of March 11, 2011 washed away whole villages on the coast of Northeast Japan and destroyed the lives of thousands. Meskell (2012, 558) describes such impacted places as ‘negative heritage, a conflictual site that becomes the repository of negative memory in the collective imaginary.’ As the recovery of the Tōhoku region in Northeast Japan continues, debates have arisen about which disaster ruins, or shinsai ikō, should be kept as memorials. Most places chosen to be preserved represent cases of good evacuation practice. However, some survivors have fought for also keeping those places in which their relatives died and the evacuation procedures failed to save them. In this chapter, we explore the construction of the narratives surrounding two schools preserved as memorials in Miyagi Prefecture. While Arahama Elementary became a safe haven for 320 people, Okawa Elementary became an example of bad evacuation practice that led to the death of 74 children and 10 teachers.

Drawing on the analysis of these ‘exhibitions’, the preservation efforts, and first-hand accounts offered at the two sites, we aim to contribute to the understanding of the importance of negative heritage in disaster education. Examining the process of framing negative heritage within the collective memory of these communities is also crucial to understanding the effects of the disaster on local identities.

In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific
In: Heritage, Contested Sites, and Borders of Memory in the Asia Pacific