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Ecclesiastical Organization and Monasticism (4th to 7th Centuries)
At present, there is no scholarly consensus on the ecclesiastical organization in the Roman province of Scythia (4th-7th centuries). This volume proposes a new interpretation of some of the historical evidence concerning the evolution of the see of Tomi: a great metropolis, first with suffragan bishoprics outside Roman Scythia and then inside it, and later an autocephalous archbishopric.
Though there are also many unclear aspects regarding the evolution of monastic life in the province, this book reveals that, in contrast with the development of the monastic infrastructure in Roman Scythia, a spiritual decline began in the mid-5th century.
In Political Theology the "Modern Way": The Case of Jacques Almain (d. 1515), Shaun Retallick provides the first monograph on this late medieval philosopher-theologian and conciliarist, and his thought. He demonstrates that Almain's political theology, of which ecclesiology is a sub-discipline, is strongly impacted by the Via moderna. At the heart of his political theology is the individual and his or her will. Yet, the individual is rarely viewed in isolation from others; there is a strong emphasis on community and on the religious and secular bodies through which it is realized. But these bodies, including the Church, are understood in collectivist rather than corporatist terms, which tends to a quite radical form of conciliarism.
Die ‚Peraten' und die redaktionelle Gestaltung der Refutatio omnium haeresium des sog. ‚Hippolyt von Rom
Die Studie nährt sich der Refutatio omnium haeresium „Hippolyts von Rom“ von gänzlich neuer Perspektive an. Sie bietet eine detaillierte Analyse der Gattung der Schrift, die als Werbeschrift für das Christentum identifiziert wird. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt in der Herausarbeitung der Intention und Arbeitsmethode ihres Verfassers vor dem Hintergrund der Methode kaiserzeitlicher Autoren. Es wird aufgezeigt, wie der Verfasser seine Vorlagen kreativ für seine Bedürfnisse verändert und zusammenstellt. Durchgänge durch das Sondergut lassen es wahrscheinlich werden, dass dieses ein weitgehendes literarisches Produkt des Verfassers ist. Eine umfangreiche Untersuchung der sog. Peraten, die Strukturanalyse und gründliche inhaltliche Auseinandersetzung verbindet, schließt sich an.

The study approaches the Refutatio omnium haeresium by "Hippolytus of Rome" from a completely new perspective. It offers a detailed analysis of the genre of the writing, which is identified as a protreptikos, a promotional writing for Christianity. One focus is the elaboration of the intention and working method of its author against the background of the method of authors of the imperial period. It is shown how the author creatively changes and compiles his original sources to suit his needs. Passages through the special material make it likely that it is largely a literary product of the author. This is followed by an extensive study of the so-called Peratics, which combines structural analysis and thorough examination of content.
This book seeks to add to common representations in the scholarship on almsgiving in late antiquity concerning the remission of post-baptismal sin, efforts to reform society, and competition between monks and bishops. It demonstrates that John Chrysostom conceptualized almsgiving as not only expiating the sins of the rich, relieving the suffering of the poor, or securing power for its promoters, but also expiating the sins of the poor, unifying the members of his congregation, and making humans like God. Although it could indeed save one from eternal death and physical hunger, it was salvific and transformative on other levels as well.
Revisiting Trajectories in the Fourth-Century Christological Debates