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Localisation in private international law of torts is a notoriously difficult question. How do you localize financial or moral damage? What about latent damage? Should damage in the context of cyber-torts be localized differently? The great variety of tortious actions gives rise to endless difficulties ranging from banal situations involving material damage to climate change. Trying to find suitable solutions requires answering many difficult questions, such as the very definition of damage within the meaning of private international law rules, the influence of various considerations such as foreseeability, protection of the claimant, and the remedy sought. The contributions in this volume address these questions and more from the perspectives of 17 different countries, from Austria to Venezuela.
The Ius Comparatum series covers all areas of law. It contains the general reports as well as the national and special reports of the General Congresses and Thematic Congresses of the International Academy of Comparative Law as well as publications related to the Academy’s activities. The books are published in English and French.
This series critically examines issues of legal doctrine and practice in Central and Eastern Europe, including studies on the harmonization of legal principles and rules; the legal impact of the intertwining of domestic economies, on the one hand, with regional economies and the processes of international trade and investment on the other. The series offers a forum for discussion of topical questions of public and private law from domestic, regional, and international perspectives. Comparative research that provides insights in legal developments that can be communicated to those interested in questions, not only of law, but also of politics, economics, and of society of countries in the region also finds a home in the series.

For information about a related title, visit the webpages of the Brill journal Review of Central and East European Law.
The Academy publishes the papers from the Workshops which it organizes, each looking at future-oriented topics in international law. The Series also includes a collection of fundamental books, The Law Books of the Academy. More recently, if the Centre for Studies and Research attains an exceptionally high standard, a single volume containing the reports of the Directors and the best contributions from the participants is published as a volume in this Series.

L’Académie publie également les documents issus des colloques qu’elle organise sur des sujets touchant à l’avenir du droit international. Par commodité, ces ouvrages ont été associés à la collection Les Livres de droit de l’Académie. En effet, suite à une décision récente, les travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche témoignant d’un niveau exceptionnel sont consignés dans un volume unique, lequel contient à la fois les rapports des directeurs d’études et les meilleures contributions des participants.

Titles previously published in this series (from 1995 onwards) can now be found here: Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations Series.

Titles in this series are available online as part of The Hague Academy Collected Courses Online / Recueil des cours de l'Académie de la Haye en ligne.
Please note this series has been discontinued. Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation - The Fordham Papers is an ongoing Series devoted to international arbitration and mediation, written by leading figures in the field. Based on the papers of global experts who participate in the prestigious annual Fordham Law School Conference on International Arbitration and Mediation, volumes are organized into parts corresponding to critical conference themes and focus on both practical considerations and scholarly analyses.

Each unique volume is a valuable resource for anyone involved in investor-state and international commercial arbitration and mediation, including arbitrators, mediators, advocates, scholars, government officials, international institutions, educators, and students.

The series published an average of one volume per year over the last 5 years.
Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
The Aims and Methods of Postcolonial International Law, by Chin Leng LIM, Professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong

The Principle Jura Novit Curia in International Judicial and Arbitral Proceedings, A Window on International Adjudication, by Attila M. TANZI, Professor at the University of Bologna

These lectures focus on one of the aspects of adjudicative discretion in international litigation and on the rules and principles that constraint it. Namely, on the boundaries of the freedom of international courts and tribunals within which they may apply the applicable law to the dispute by distancing themselves from the legal arguments advanced by the parties. Jura novit curia is researched in combination with the cognate principles ne ultra petita, ne infra petita and non liquet. The analysis goes to the core of the adjudicative function, whose rationale emerges as threefold, thus, entailing a threefold application of jura novit curia: i.e., within the inter-state, human rights, and criminal law adjudicative contexts. The overarching procedural principle of the right of the parties to be heard appears to legitimise maximum utilization of jura novit curia in all three contexts, thus, suggesting enhancing interactive proactivity from the bench.
Les blockchains et les crypto-actifs, c'est-à-dire les crypto-monnaies et les jetons, posent des défis de premier ordre au droit international. En l'absence d'un lien significatif avec un État particulier, ils semblent échapper à l'empire du droit étatique, en accord avec les ambitions de leurs créateurs. Ce cours décrit tout d'abord les bases technologiques des registres distribués ainsi que la philosophie anti-étatiste sous-jacente. Ensuite, il met en exergue les dangers créés par la technologie, tant pour les intérêts publics que privés. Des alternatives à la régulation par l'État, telles que la théorie du « code fait loi » (code is law) ou la lex cryptographia, sont discutées et finalement rejetées. Au contraire, ce cours met l’accent sur les diverses méthodes permettant de déterminer le cadre juridique applicable, tant dans le domaine du droit public de la réglementation que dans celui du droit privé. Il plaide en faveur d'une uniformisation croissante des règles et d'une coopération accrue entre les États dans ce domaine, afin d’assurer à la fois le développement de la technologie et la protection des intérêts publics et privés. Sur la base d'une étude comparative et internationale détaillée, de nouvelles règles spécifiques pour les acteurs, les transactions et les actifs de la crypto économie sont alors proposées en vue d'atteindre un nouvel équilibre entre droit et technologie.
Making Sense of Soft Law, by E. HEY, Professor at the Erasmus University Rotterdam
These lectures explore how soft law instruments contribute to the development of normativity. They illustrate that the (re)construction of normativity is the outcome of the interaction between soft law instruments and between soft law instruments and hard law. These interactions take place in institutional settings, established by both soft and hard law instruments. These institutional settings, in turn, provide the decision-making process by way of which substantive normativity is (re)constructed at various points in time and in a variety of institutional settings. Three categories of soft law instruments are identified: soft law instruments that provide input for developing legally relevant infrastructure, soft law instruments that are part of legally relevant infrastructure, and soft law instruments that are part of regulation. In legally relevant infrastructure, the aim is to regulate the activities of States. In regulation, the aim is to regulate human activity, even if the addressees of the regulations are States.

The Inviolabilities of the Diplomatic Mission, by G. R. B. GALINDO, Associate Professor at the University of Brasilia
Not only persons, but also the diplomatic mission enjoys inviolabilities that require from the receiving state a duty of abstention and a duty of protection.
This course aims to depict different inviolabilities of the diplomatic mission (the premises, the archives and documents, and the official correspondence) and similar regimes of protection (communication and the diplomatic bag). Moreover, the application of circumstances precluding wrongfulness on what regards the inviolabilities of the diplomatic mission and similar regimes of protection as well as the relationship between the inviolability of the diplomatic premises and diplomatic asylum are scrutinized.
It is contended that the inviolabilities of the diplomatic mission are a fundamental and essential piece of past and present diplomatic law and international law in general.

Le droit international du désarmement : entre idéalisme et réalisme, par J. M. GOMEZ-ROBLEDO, juge à la Cour internationale de Justice
Ce cours retrace l´histoire du droit international du désarmement nucléaire, tant dans la perspective des accords bilatéraux entre les deux grandes puissances dotées de l´arme atomique (les États-Unis et l´Union Soviétique suivie de la Fédération de Russie), que dans celle des traités multilatéraux, à vocation universelle et régionale, qui ont pour but la non-prolifération et la cessation de la course aux armements nucléaires en partant d´approches différentes mais complémentaires. Il en ressort la conviction de la communauté internationale d´œuvrer en vue de l´interdiction de l´arme nucléaire, afin de parvenir à un monde libre de l´arme qui a la capacité, comme nulle autre, d´éliminer toute forme de vie sur la planète. Dans cette quête, la nature unique de cette arme et ses conséquences humanitaires catastrophiques conduisirent à l´émergence d´une opinio juris communis qui précéda l´établissement de la règle de droit conventionnel au bout de laquelle son interdiction est finalement réalisée.
Olivier Corten, Le champ juridique international
Plutôt que de le concevoir comme un système ordonné de règles ou comme le produit des besoins ou des aspirations de la communauté internationale, ce cours appréhende le droit international par référence à la notion de « champ juridique », inspirée de la pensée de Pierre Bourdieu. Un champ de tensions entre concepts par définition inconciliables : reconnaissance déclarative ou constitutive, droit dur ou droit mou, légalité ou effectivité, … Un champ de luttes entre acteurs (États, peuples, entreprises, individus, …) qui tendent à imposer leurs conceptions du juste ou à faire prévaloir leurs intérêts. Sont dans cette perspective envisagées diverses problématiques contemporaines : droits des femmes, des migrations ou du dérèglement climatique, crimes internationaux (génocide, terrorisme, écocide, … ), justifications des guerres, des exécutions judiciaires ou de la torture. Le droit international est ainsi étudié à la fois dans sa dimension technique, faites de débats juridiques pointus portant sur son interprétation, et dans sa dimension plus sociologique visant à le replacer dans son contexte politique.