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In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
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Abstract

Ever since its birth in the pre-linguistic period, traditional Chinese phonology has contributed essentially to the study, both philological and linguistic, of historical Chinese phonology; nevertheless, a systematic retrospect of this academic custom from the pure perspective of linguistics remains largely blank. Concentrating on classical philological resources, this essay works out a clearly defined set of terminology with little dependence on the phonetic natures of these units, which may serve as an evaluative metric on the phonological reconstruction of Middle Chinese as well as a review of the long-ignored academic tradition of phonological studies in ancient Chinese philology.

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In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
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In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
Authors: and

Résumé

Cet article est consacré à l’évolution du verbe de perception 听 [tɦjɑŋ215]/[tɦin215] « écouter » en cenchuanais (xiang, sinitique) en Chine. Le développement de 听 « écouter » dans ce dialecte est multidirectionnel, car il évolue non seulement en un verbe causatif employé dans la structure NP 1 (causateur) + 听 [tɦin215] + NP 2 (causataire) + V dénotant une causalité non interventive, mais aussi en un subordonnant concessif signifiant « peu importe que » ou encore en un adverbe « n’importe comment ». Dans cet article, nous étudions surtout ses propriétés syntaxiques et ses particularités sémantiques lorsqu’il fonctionne comme un verbe causatif, et nous essayons d’élucider ses différentes étapes d’évolution en cenchuanais.

In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
Author:

Abstract

This article describes and analyzes the personal indexation system of the Manchen dialect of Nyagrong Minyag (locally known as məɲâ or məɲâɕkê), a West Rgyalrongic language spoken in Nyagrong county (Chinese Xīnlóng 新龙), Sichuan province, China. The article shows that Manchen presents regular tonal correspondences with Tangut, but that its indexation system is quite innovative, presenting multiple features that have never been found before in other Rgyalrongic languages.

In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale

Abstract

This article assesses five proposals for the development of Tibetic zl, which has modern reflexes including Lhasa Tibetan /_(ⁿ)d/. My assessment considers on their ability to account for zl’s modern reflexes, their plausibility from the perspective of phonetics, and their congruence with typological observations. I conclude that, at present, Bialek (2018)’s proposal is the most plausible. However, future research may produce comparative evidence that support Gong (2016)’s proposal. At the end, I outline a methodology for investigating the role of functional load in Tibetic consonant cluster mergers.

Open Access
In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
Author:

Abstract

This study presents the first comprehensive analysis of Evidentiality in Middle Classical Tibetan. This is of great importance since Middle Classical Tibetan is the oldest system in typological studies yet identified that uses evidentiality beginning in at least the 15th century. This article also highlights the distinction between the notions of information source and information access in an evidential system. By using a morphosyntactic approach, the usage of evidentiality can be properly described in that language. Specifically, certain types of highly complex copula and auxiliary verb constructions, which had not been previously analyzed, can be used to demonstrate how evidentiality is grammaticalized in Middle Classical Tibetan. This approach avoids the pitfalls of lexical-only analyses, which have previously not been able to support a comprehensive and accurate description of evidentiality. Further, the intricate interaction between evidentiality, aspect, and epistemic modality reveals the subtlety and complexity of the system. Finally, the interaction between evidentiality and politeness register, reveals discursive complex social relationships which have not been previously described and the importance of social deixis in the study of evidentiality.

In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
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In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale
Author:

Abstract

The article describes the person indexation system of Dpal.ri Smar, a little-studied Trans-Himalayan language spoken in Chab.mdo, Tibet. It gives paradigms of intransitive and transitive verbs, and categorizes verbs into different conjugations, revealing complex morphophonological rules. Additionally, it compares the system to Rgyalrongic languages, and explores the origin of the second person suffix “-əm” which is unique in the Trans-Himalayan family.

In: Cahiers de Linguistique Asie Orientale