Browse results

The Fatimid Egyptian Convert Who Shaped Christian Views of Islam
Author: David Bertaina
Būluṣ ibn Rajāʾ (ca. 955–ca. 1020) was a celebrated writer of Coptic Christianity from Fatimid Egypt. Born to an influential Muslim family in Cairo, Ibn Rajāʾ later converted to Christianity and composed The Truthful Exposer (Kitāb al-Wāḍiḥ bi-l-Ḥaqq) outlining his skepticism regarding Islam. His ideas circulated across the Middle East and the Mediterranean in the medieval period, shaping the Christian understanding of the Qurʾan’s origins, Muḥammad’s life, the practice of Islamic law, and Muslim political history. This book includes a study of Ibn Rajāʾ’s life, along with an Arabic edition and English translation of The Truthful Exposer.

Abstract

Terengganu Quran manuscript is one of the best manuscripts ever produced in the 19th century AD. Copying this manuscript requires precision in various aspects, especially in the aspect of writing because it is a scripture that needs to be preserved. Since at that time there was no evidence to say that there was a body that checked the accuracy of the writing method, then a study on the aspect of the fawāṣil is very necessary to do. This study focuses on the Terengganu Quran manuscript IAMM 2012.13.6 which is a collection at the Islamic Art Museum Malaysia. The objective of this study is to look at the aspect of fawāṣil which is one of the important aspects in the writing of the Quran. In addition, the meaning aspect of the sentence is also examined to see if it has implications that can change the meaning of the sentence. Qualitative research methods are used to examine the text of the Quran from surah al-Baqarah and the data are analyzed using inductive and deductive methods. The same method is also used to examine aspects of sentence meaning. The results of the study found that there is a difference of fawāṣil in the Terengganu Quran manuscript if seen in the view of the scholars fawāṣil. Differences in this aspect have led to the effect of sentence interpretation. However, this difference does not change the law because the place of the difference does not occur in the sentence of law. The results of the study also prove, most likely that the writer of this manuscript has its own method based on the knowledge available at that time.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Author: Moh. Zahid

Abstract

The article is trying to criticize the old and to propose a new fawātiḥ al-suwar variety grouping from two perspectives, namely sentence structure and message of the verse. Fawātiḥ al-suwar (the opening of surah) is essential in the structure of surah in the Holy Quran. Its beauty and urgency have been attracting classic Islamic scholars who group them in ten varieties. However, the grouping seems inaccurate because it mixes the sentence structure and the message. This is a library-method study with fawātiḥ al-suwar as the material object of study. The Quran’s verses from which data were obtained vary from one simple sentence to some compound, even complex sentences. Each verse constitutes four elements, namely: sentence, clause, phrase, and word. The study reveals that ten inventory varieties set by the scholars were inaccurate due to ambiguous point of view between the sentence structure and the implied message on the first verse of every surah.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Free access
In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Author: Kabiru Goje

Abstract

Immunization is considered one of the most important means of protecting human beings against infectious disease. Allah, in His mercy, created means of immunization for the people. Immunization is more effective than any other means of controlling contagious diseases. Quarantine is also one of the most important means of curbing the spread of epidemic diseases in the contemporary era. The Prophet (PBUH) in several hadiths unequivocally explained the principles of immunization and quarantine. He prohibited people from entering the place affected by plague and prohibited the people of the place from leaving it. The aim of this paper is to study immunization and quarantine in the light of the Prophetic traditions with reference to the UAE’s COVID-19 infection control. The relationship between the two principles and the Prophetic traditions can thus be made clear. The research employs the analytical qualitative method using library-based research, examination of both primary sources of Islamic legislation (the Quran and the Sunna) and secondary sources (classical and modern literature of Muslim scholars). The research finds that there are a number of Prophetic traditions that mention medical immunization and quarantine. If put into practice, they would have a great impact in curbing the surge of any communicable disease and providing cure for other diseases.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies

Abstract

Some contemporary scholars of the Qur’an seeks to popularize the use of the theory of kulliyyāt al-tafsīr in understanding the Quranic text which is very complex. In fact, this theory of kulliyyāt al-tafsīr can rival the Izutsu’s semantic theory espoused by some contemporary Quranic scholars. Therefore, this article seeks to explain the concept of kulliyyāt al-tafsīr thoroughly and at the same time reveal its significance in the field of Qur’anic exegesis. Through the collection of data related to kulliyyāt al-tafsīr scattered in various books of tafsir and ʿulūm al-Quran, the study can conclude that kulliyyāt al-tafsīr is a general conclusion produced by the exegetes about words and styles contained in the Quran. The significance of this theory can be highlighted through the identification of the role played by kulliyyāt al-tafsīr in the field of exegesis.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies

Abstract

The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) is the only official political organisation in the country that propagates the political Islam agenda and strives to establish the Islamic state. In harnessing public support, the Qurʾān is extensively utilised by the party leaders to justify their political agenda. In this regard, it is important to note the significant contribution of its prolific president, Abdul Hadi bin Awang. Despite the extensive influence of his Qurʾānic exegesis, it has yet to be sufficiently analysed. Therefore, this paper discusses the methodological trend of his political interpretation of the Qurʾān and analyses its widespread impact on the society. Notwithstanding the complexity of the subject matter, it is hoped that the outcomes will shed some light on the role of Qurʾān as a scripture in the present-day political scene of Malaysia.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies

Abstract

This research tackles the documentation of a weak narrator in certain cases and specific bodies, and its impact on judging the narrator, determining his rank, knowing the degree of hadiths authenticity, distinguishing hadiths, and investigating all that in the light of Imam Ahmad’s extrapolation of sayings and rulings, which are among the oldest sources on hadith weaknesses and narrators. These compilations are a major reference for those who came after him, and for the classifications that adopted collecting his sayings, questions of his students to him, the analysis of those sayings and conclusions drawn from his sayings, highlighting its implications, and comparing that with that of other hadith narrators and critics. This matter is one of the most majestic issues of hadith sciences that should be well taken care of and singled out for classification, due to the need for it in weighing hadith authenticity and its narrators. The research has showed the need to take care of relative documentation that is associated with a sheikh, student, place, time, or others, because of its great impact on the narrator and the narrative, what is narrated. It is imperative to consider these aspects when judging narrators and hadiths. Some narrators according to Imam Ahmad may be in a different situation as their sheikh’s circumstances are different, or different place of their narrative, or time difference of narration. The author has tracked down these aspects and has compared them with other opinions of hadith critics who may agree or disagree with him. The research has also showed that Imam Ahmad had done relative documentation of some narrators comparing himself to other narrators. The researcher has concluded that most of these relative documenters are peers in terms of age and hadith memorization, and that their authenticity ranks are similar to each other. Hadith narrators and critics may differ with Imam Ahmad in this comparison, or agree with him.

In: Al-Bayan: Journal of Qur'an and Hadith Studies
Editor: Nicolai Sinai
The Qur’anic surahs and passages that are customarily taken to postdate Muhammad’s emigration to Medina occupy a key position in the formative period of Islam: they fundamentally shaped later convictions about Muhammad’s paradigmatic authority and universal missionary remit; they constitute an important basis for Islam’s development into a religion with a strong legal focus; and they demarcate the Qur’anic community from Judaism and Christianity. The volume exemplifies a rich array of approaches to the challenges posed by this part of the Qur’an, including its distinctive literary and doctrinal features, its relationship to other late antique traditions, and the question of oral composition.

Contributors are Karen Bauer, Saqib Hussain, Marianna Klar, Joseph E. Lowry, Angelika Neuwirth, Andrew J. O’Connor, Cecilia Palombo, Nora K. Schmid, Nicolai Sinai, Devin J. Stewart, Gabriel S. Reynolds, Neal Robinson and Holger Zellentin.
In: Unlocking the Medinan Qur’an