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Lawāmiʿ al-Naẓar fī Taḥqīq Maʿānī al-Mukhtaṣar is Aḥmad b. Yaʿqūb al-Wallālī's (d. 1128/1716) commentary on al-Sanūsī's (d. 895/1490) compendium of logic, al-Mukhtaṣar. Al-Wallālī was the first commentator on al-Sanūsī's compendium after the author's autocommentary. In this publication, Ibrahim Safri offers a critical edition of this work, together with a study of the author's life and oeuvre.
Safri also tries to show the indirect influence of Avicennism on logic in the Maghribī tradition in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. On the basis of his writings on logic and philosophical theology, al-Wallālī was considered a master of rational sciences by his contemporaries.
In: Commentary on the Jumal on Logic by Khūnajī
In: Commentary on the Jumal on Logic by Khūnajī
Author: Riffi Daoud

Résumé

L’histoire du wahhabisme est le parent pauvre de l’historiographie francophone. Le sujet, plus souvent abordé des points de vue géopolitique et sociologique, n’est que rarement abordé dans son histoire longue, et encore moins depuis le prisme de l’histoire intellectuelle. La parution de la version française du livre de Natana Delong-Bas, Islam wahhabite, qui se caractérise par de nombreuses faiblesses, est l’occasion de faire ici un bilan historiographique : que sait-on de l’émergence du wahhabisme, de la personnalité et de l’œuvre de son fondateur ? Comment écrire cette histoire qui s’inscrit dans celle, plus large, du taǧdīd ? Quelles relations le wahhabisme entretint-il avec les courants réformateurs héritiers, concomitamment, de l’œuvre d’Ibn ʿArabī et Ibn Taymiyya ? La présente note critique est également l’occasion de revenir sur les écueils et enjeux du travail d’écriture et d’interprétation du wahhabisme, doctrine proprement révolutionnaire. Par bien des aspects, le livre de Natana Delong-Bas s’inscrit dans une historiographie plus ancienne – à la fois présente dans des courants de la salafiyya et dans l’orientalisme – établissant une dichotomie entre le wahhabisme et Ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhāb, et pensant l’œuvre de ce dernier comme une tentative de sursaut dans un cadre général de décadence généralisée du monde musulman. Le présent article vise à déconstruire ce récit, problématique à plus d’un titre.

In: Arabica
In: Arabica

Abstract

The problem of anthropomorphism has been an important source of the conflict between traditionalism and rationalism in Islamic theology. Theologians have had to reconcile the anthropomorphic expressions about God in the Koran and hadiths with their conceptions of His unity (tawḥīd) and transcendence (tanzīh). The Māturīdite theologian Abū l-Yusr al-Bazdawī devoted several chapters of his Uṣūl al-dīn to dealing with the problem. He lays the mainly rational grounds for God’s incomparability and incorporeality before turning to the anthropomorphic expressions, some of which he interprets symbolically, and others simply accepts. He also refutes the later Karrāmite idea that God is “elevated,” which creates ambivalence in his position towards the Prophet’s Ascension. His negotiation between the traditionalist and rationalist approaches to the topic highlights the impact of his intellectual environment on his thought as well as the rise of Māturīdite theology in Transoxania.

In: Arabica

Abstract

The extent to which the diacritic layer (taškīl) of the Arabic writing system is employed in modern typeset text differs considerably between genres and individual texts, with many in-between forms not aptly captured by the traditional binary categories of “vowelled” and “unvowelled” text. This article is the first to present a theoretical account of this variation applicable to modern typeset Standard Arabic. It is suggested that diacritics serve three basic functions: facilitation of reading comprehension; facilitation of prescriptively correct diction; and to evoke associations with other texts. Six modes of diacritization in modern typeset text are identified and related to data on rates of diacritization from a corpus of electronically published books. Further lines of research based on this framework are suggested.

Open Access
In: Arabica