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Wolfgang Künne im Gespräch
Wolfgang Künne steht für bedeutende systematische Beiträge zu aktuellen Kernfragen der analytischen Philosophie sowie für eine lebendige Auseinandersetzung mit klassischen Positionen und Argumenten aus der Philosophiegeschichte. International bekannt ist er heute insbesondere durch seine wegweisenden Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Wahrheitstheorie und für seine Bolzano- und Frege-Forschung. Der Band präsentiert Wolfgang Künne im Dialog: In sieben Aufsätzen setzen sich Studentinnen und Studenten der Westfälischen Wilhelms-Universität Münster mit seinem Werk auseinander. In ausführlichen Kommentierungen geht er auf jeden Beitrag ein, reagiert auf Anfragen und Einwände und informiert dabei über den aktuellen Stand seiner Überlegungen zu Gadamers Hermeneutik, zu Lug und Trug, zu abstrakten Gegenständen, zu Fiktion und Wahrheit. Wolfgang Künne eröffnet die Diskussion mit seinen jüngsten Reflexionen zu den Ebenen des Verstehens.
Wir leben unser Leben als handelnde Personen – nicht, weil wir ein Gehirn besitzen, dessen Zustände uns in Bewegung setzen, sondern weil wir ein soziales Umfeld haben, das uns in einem steten Fluss praktischer Erwägungen und individueller Verantwortlichkeiten mit sich nimmt. Was das konkret heißen soll und was philosophisch daraus folgt, entwickelt Ralf Stoecker in insgesamt 33 Essays. Der Autor setzt sich mit zentralen Themen der analytischen Handlungstheorie und Philosophie des Geistes auseinander und zieht die Konsequenzen aus seinem „askriptischen“ Handlungsverständnis für ethische Fragen (etwa den Unterschied zwischen Töten und Sterbenlassen) und unser Verständnis von Personalität. Das Buch endet wie das Leben: Mit dem Thema Tod und der Frage nach dem Sinn.
This volume sheds new light on Alexander of Aphrodisias’ On Mixture and Growth as an intelligent and carefully crafted rebuttal of Stoic blending, which Alexander regarded as the closest rival of his own brand of hylomorphism. The authors explore Alexander’s dialectical method and determine the precise character of the Stoic theory he attacks. The problematic notions of mutual co-extension and infinite division appear in their proper context, while the successive stages of the process of blending are carefully distinguished from the resulting state of the blend. In this perspective the discussion of growth that closes Alexander’s work finds its natural place.
This monograph represents a rare, classical-philosophical approach to culture. It is grounded in philosophical realism and emphasizes personalism as a true achievement of philosophical anthropology. Employing the apparatus of the history of philosophy, science and religion, the author demonstrates the immense scope of the drama unfolding within human culture. In a classical approach, evaluation is inevitable—with regard to various theories of culture, human culture as such, and all its main actors. Jaroszyński’s work shows that realistic study of what it means to be a human person leads to the most comprehensive understanding of culture as it is and should be.
This is the first in a series of sourcebooks charting the reception of Avicenna (Ibn Sīnā, d.1037) in the Islamic East (from Syria to central Asia) in the 12th-13th centuries CE. Avicenna was the dominant philosophical authority in this period, who provoked generations of thinkers to subtle critique, defense, and development of his ideas. The series will translate and analyze hundreds of passages from works by such figures as al-Ghazālī, al-Suhrawardī, Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī, Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī, and many more. This volume focuses especially on issues in metaphysics, dealing with topics like the essence-existence distinction, the problem of universals, free will and determinism, Platonic Forms, good and evil, proofs of God’s existence, and the relationship between philosophy and theology.
Translated with an Introduction and Commentary by Lorenzo Corti
Arithmetic deals with numbers: but what is the nature of their existence, of their parts, and of their relationship with countable items? These questions nourished a lively debate between the Platonico-Pythagorean tradition (trying to answer them) and the Pyrrhonian tradition (trying to show that these answers were unsatisfactory). The debate lies at the heart of Sextus Empiricus’ Against the Arithmeticians. The present book aims at facing the remarkable historical and philosophical questions raised by Sextus’ treatise by offering a new translation of it and the first dedicated commentary to it.
“Our” world is vegetal. None of it would have been in existence were it not for the life activity of plants. Time, discernible in the rhythms, intervals, logics, articulations, and disarticulations of the world, is the time of plants. Starting from scientific, philosophical, and theological insights into the time of plants, Michael Marder’s new study gently steers readers toward the vegetality of time. Specters and spirits, cosmic trees and phytogenesis, the vegetal apriori and weird chronos, the seeds of events and the branches of divergent chronologies, diachronic phases and symbiotic assemblages join the rich tapestry of this work to proclaim, Time is a plant!

"Michael Marder’s Time Is a Plant is philosophy at its most productive. As far as imaginable from the postmodern conundrum, it states its premise openly in its title and elaborates it in a clear way with impeccable logic. The life of a plant in all its alterations, its generation and decay, is treated as more than just a metaphor of time: it renders visible the innermost structure of the deployment of time. What makes Marder’s book unique is the very feature that makes it naïve in the best sense of the term: Marder ignores all the endless self-reflexive precautions that characterize much of contemporary thought and simply plunges into basic ontological considerations. Time Is a Plant is a breath of fresh air in our stale philosophical scene. It proves that a thing can be done by simply doing it."
-Slavoj Žižek, author of Surplus-Enjoyment: A Guide for the Non-Perplexed (2022) and Freedom: A Disease without Cure (2023)
Translators: and
This book returns to the question at the center of our existence, a question that the narcissistic culture in which we are immersed systematically tends to remove: “Why?” The underlying thesis is that the answer must not be sought in success or social recognition, but in a “fragment of truth”, hidden somewhere inside each of us, which reveals itself only if we detach ourselves from our ego and its certainties. It is not, therefore, a matter of finding yet another philosophical theory of the meaning of existence, but rather of shedding light on the conditions under which such meaning can emerge. The author shows us that the ultimate source of our existential orientation lies in the affective sphere, and that the current crisis of orientation is derived from the atrophy of the process of affective maturation on a large scale, and from a lack of knowledge and experience about which techniques are best to reactivate it. We are like glowworms that had once unlearned how to illuminate and have since begun to hover around the magic lantern of the ascetic ideal, already criticized by Nietzsche, and then around neon advertising signs. We are glowworms that have forgotten that we have within our own affective structure a precious source of orientation. The basic thesis is that this source of orientation can be reactivated through the care of desire and practices of emotional sharing.