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Author: Hossein Sheikh
Studies of Bactrian legal documents deals with legal texts written in Bactrian, an eastern Middle Iranian language, between the 4th and 8th centuries AD. The work aims to give insight in the legal formulations in Bactria as well as their historical context. In order to achieve that, the author carefully examined the terms and phrases in the legal documents and clarified their function. Then he explored the historical background of expressions and wordings. To this end, he used documents from other regions of the Near East.
Editor: Michael Waibel
Edited by Michael Waibel

With the contribution of / avec la collaboration de:
M. M. Albornoz
R. Ben Khelifa
G. Bianco
E. Castellarin
A. De Luca
S. De Vido
F. Giansetto
F. Ghodoosi
A. Hertogen
C. Kleiner
H. Kupelyants
R. Rajesh Babu
C. J. Rault
A. Viterbo
Plusieurs phénomènes justifient de jeter un éclairage sur le concept de citoyenneté en droit international. D’un côté la mobilité des personnes, qui s’est accentuée dans la dernière partie du vingtième siècle, s’est traduite par la multiplication des nationalités multiples. D’un autre côté, le phénomène migratoire souvent lié à des crises, contribue à perpétuer la situation d’apatridie, et à interpeller le droit international. Mais un processus tel que l’internationalisation des droits de l’homme, peut aussi avoir un impact sur le droit de la nationalité. Par ailleurs, dans le cadre d’organisations régionales, on assiste à l’émergence de nouvelles formes de citoyenneté. Ce phénomène s’ajoutant à la persistance de citoyennetés historiques contribute à questionner le concept de citoyenneté en droit international.
Pour tenter d’y apporter des réponses, cet ouvrage envisage d’abord des aspects théoriques communs, qui se posent au niveau universel, avant de développer des aspects au niveau régional. Il essaie ainsi d’enrichir une réflexion en cours dans la communauté scientifique et au-delà, relative aux questions liées à la nationalité et à la citoyenneté.

Several trends justify why it is worth analysing the concept of citizenship in international law. On the one hand, human mobility enhanced in the last decades of the twentieth century contributed largely to the multiplication of multiple citizenship. The phenomenon of migration, often linked to crises, fosters statelessness and presents new challenges to international law. The internationalization of human rights can accordingly have an impact on the law of nationality. Moreover, within the framework of regional organizations, new forms of citizenship are emerging. This phenomenon, going hand in hand with the traditional, historybased citizenship is also contributing to the challenges that the concept of citizenship faces in international law.
Attempting to get answers to these questions, the volume tackles first common theoretical aspects at a universal level to be followed later by the analysis of the regional aspects. It tries to deepen the ongoing discussion in the scientific community and among the greater public on nationality and citizenship issues.
Author: Jonathan Vroom
In The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism, Vroom identifies a development in the authority of written law that took place in early Judaism. Ever since Assyriologists began to recognize that the Mesopotamian law collections did not function as law codes do today—as a source of binding obligation—scholars have grappled with the question of when the Pentateuchal legal corpora came to be treated as legally binding. Vroom draws from legal theory to provide a theoretical framework for understanding the nature of legal authority, and develops a methodology for identifying instances in which legal texts were treated as binding law by ancient interpreters. This method is applied to a selection of legal-interpretive texts: Ezra-Nehemiah, Temple Scroll, the Qumran rule texts, and the Samaritan Pentateuch.
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism
In: The Authority of Law in the Hebrew Bible and Early Judaism