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This longitudinal study weaves the complex stories of many disparate musics into an account of quests for identities that illuminates Lombok’s history, its complex religious and ethnic composition, and its current political circumstances. It focuses on agents, musicians and leaders on the ground, and the socioreligious and artistic changes that transformed many music forms. The book outlines the years of political difficulty for music and years of transition and government interventions to remake musics, and identifies the emerging ideologies and developments that laid the groundwork for a diversity of musics – traditional, Islamic, popular – to simultaneously exist in an unprecedented way.
Early Modern Global Travelers beyond Integration
Early Modern travelers often did not form part of classic ´diaspora´ communities: they frequently never really settled, perhaps remaining abroad for some time in one place, then traveling further: not ´blown by the wind´, but by changing and complex conditions that often turn out to make them unwelcome anywhere. The dispersed develop strategies of survival by keeping their distance to old and new temporary ´homes´, and by manipulating, shaping, using information and foreign representations of their former country and situation.

The volume assembles case studies from the Mediterranean context, the Americas and Japan, asking for what kind of ´power(s)´ and agency dispersed people had counterintuitively, through the connections they maintained with their former home, and through those they established abroad.

Contributors include: Eduardo Angione, Iordan Avramov, Marloes Cornelissen, David Do Paço, José Luis Egío, Maria-Tsampika, Lampitsi, Paula Manstetten, Simon Mills, David Nelson, Adolfo Polo y a Borda, Ana M. Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Stefano Saracino, Cesare Santus, and Cornel Zwierlein.
Volume Editors: Sofia Gaspar and Irene Rodrigues
This book brings together works by specialists from various areas of the social sciences to reflect on the presence of China in Portugal and in Portuguese-speaking territories. From the first Chinese coolies that migrated to the former Portuguese colonies more than 100 years ago, to the current investments along the Belt and Road Initiative, we take the pulse of this historic, social, political and economic presence and flows, that continues to renew and reinvent itself in the face of the challenges of contemporaneity.
The Test It Was a Crime to Fail
The last person to ‘pass’ White Australia’s Dictation Test did so in 1907 by submitting a watercolour entitled ‘Advance Australia Fair. For the next 50 years of its existence the thereafter more carefully trained officials ensured no one ever passed again. Here is detailed how the White Australia Policy came to have a fake test of dictation at the heart of its administration. Beginning as an inspired piece of hypocrisy designed to preserve the semblance of imperial equality, in the hands of the early Commonwealth of Australia this ‘education test’ quickly evolved into a test it was impossible to pass.
The Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law aims to publish peer-reviewed scholarly articles and reviews as well as significant developments in human rights and humanitarian law. It examines international human rights and humanitarian law with a global reach, though its particular focus is on the Asian region.

The focused theme of Volume 5 is Law, Culture and Human Rights in Asia and the Middle East.
In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
Author: Giulia Demontis


The long-awaited judgment on the M/V Norstar case has clarified – at least for the time being – the meaning, interpretation and scope of application of the principle of freedom of the seas as a long-standing, customary principle of international law. Through an historical analysis of the principle and a framing of the ruling within the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, this article aims at providing a critical reading of the decision of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea.

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy
Authors: Seokwoo Lee and Jiayi Wang


On 13 August 2017, a Chinese-flagged carrier vessel, Fu Yuan Yu Leng 999, entered the Galapagos Marine Reserve (gmr) without giving appropriate notice, on the captain’s explanation that he entered the area to shelter the vessel from strong winds. Ecuadorian naval aircraft and a coastguard ship began to pursue the vessel from the internal waters and it was intercepted within the territorial sea. This area belongs to the new marine sanctuary of the gmr, where high levels of protection are implemented, and all fishing activities are prohibited. This incident reflects that, as the world’s largest distant-water fisheries (dwf) nation, much more needs to be done by China to crack down on illegal, unreported and unregulated (iuu) fishing and to promote the orderly development of dwf.

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy