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Neoliberalism, Postfeminism and the Politics of Reproduction in Contemporary Japan
This collection of articles selected from the Blue Book of Chinese Society 2018, originally published in Chinese, reviews China’s social condition from 2017 to 2018. Chapter one offers an overview. Chapters two to seven present China’s social conditions in 2017 from six aspects, including urban and rural income and spending, employment for college graduates, social security system, education system, healthcare, and public safety. In chapters eight to nineteen, findings are presented and analyzed from a number of social surveys on topics such as the sharing economy, college students, new white-collar urban workers, online public opinion and others. A statistical overview of China’s Social Development in 2017 is given in the last chapter.
Author: Myles Carroll
In The Making of Modern Japan, Myles Carroll offers a sweeping account of post-war Japanese political economy, exploring the transition from the post-war boom to the crisis of today and the connections between these seemingly discrete periods.

Carroll explores the multifarious international and domestic political, economic, social and cultural conditions that fortified Japan’s post-war hegemonic order and enabled decades of prosperity and stability. Yet since the 1990s, a host of political, economic, social and cultural changes has left this same hegemonic order out of step with the realities of the contemporary world, a contradiction that has led to three decades of crisis in Japanese society. Can Japan make the bold changes required to reverse its decline?
The Lives of Modern Japanese Silk Mill Workers in Their Own Words
Author: Sandra Schaal
At a time when concern with the exploitation of young women in the assembly plants of developing countries is still a major social issue for gender and development specialists, Discovering Women's Voices. The Lives of Modern Japanese Silk Mill Workers in Their Own Words, offers a vivid account of the lives of women who formed modern Japan’s ‘reserve army’ for textile mills.

By analyzing works songs and oral testimonies of former silk-reeling operatives about their lives in the factory and in their native countryside, it challenges the long-standing assumption describing their history as merely exploitative, convincingly showing that factory life could appear as a window of opportunity or at least a lesser evil to workers born in rural underprivileged families.
Twelve Lectures on Social Contradictions in China
Author: Zhongmin WU
Translator: Jun HE
There are twelve lectures in this book. The theoretical section addresses the concept of social contradictions, their various forms and influencing factors, their dual functions and how they aid social development. The author then compares the characteristics of contradictions in traditional and modern society, and analyzes how their special laws have become applicable during periods of transition in contemporary Chinese society. He interprets the contradictions between the public and officials, the rich and the poor, and labor and capital. He also looks at social contradictions in the internet era. He finally analyzes the possibility of social unrest in China and proposes how to actively and effectively deal with social contradictions. His study of social contradictions is of theoretical and practical significance.
Author: W Zhongmin

Abstract

How can we deal with social contradictions effectively? There are three basic things we can do: maintain and promote social justice in laying the foundation for social security; safeguard people’s basic rights to promote “stability,” and vigorously promote the formation and development of social organizations that effectively integrate social forces and provide a buffer between the people and the government. While it is still in the process of development, China should recognize it occupies a uniquely advantageous position in terms of dealing with social contradictions. While Chinese people still have a strong desire for stability, China has the capacity for strong national mobilization, a tradition of pragmatism and tolerance, and the family, which plays an important buffering role.

In: Essentials of Governance
Author: W Zhongmin

Abstract

Social contradictions in traditional and modern societies have different characteristics. In traditional societies, the probability of social contradictions occurring was relatively small, while in modern societies, it is relatively large. A variety of analyses conclude that social contradictions in traditional societies were largely related to land issues, while in modern societies they are related to the protection of basic human rights. As for how serious social contradictions are expressed, in traditional societies, they were expressed most easily through fierce confrontations, sometimes even bloody and brutal conflicts. In modern societies, however, serious contradictions are rarely expressed through confrontation and bloodshed. In traditional societies, it was difficult to find resolution in social contradictions, especially serious social contradictions; but in modern societies, there is a much stronger ability in finding resolutions.

In: Essentials of Governance
Author: W Zhongmin

Abstract

It cannot be said that social contradictions, in general, are harmful or useless. Social contradictions often have dual functions: on the one hand, they exert a degree of negativity on society. But on the other hand, they may become a driving force for social change. During this transition period of reform and development, the latter becomes especially clear. The positive effects of social contradictions are shown by the continuous promotion and improvement of social justice (where the aggravation and escalation of social contradictions create an important opportunity for new patterns of interests), the development and perfection of various systems, the revelation of fault lines or points of struggle in a society’s operation, and, under certain conditions, the revelation of where social contradictions have created accumulated discontent or resentments. Social contradictions need to exist in certain conditions to become driving forces for social development. The parties concerned in social contradictions, especially the most influential parties, cannot become irrational, and the majority must have a relatively broad consensus on future prospects. The timing, also, must be right to launch relevant policies.

In: Essentials of Governance
Author: W Zhongmin

Abstract

With regard to the aggravation of social contradictions, and whether or not they are being resolved, while recognizing the fundamental impact of material interest factors, non-material interest factors also have an important impact. Non-material interest factors can have the effect of either alleviating or aggravating social contradictions. Special attention should be paid to “extreme” spiritual factors such as racism, religious consciousness, and extremist ideology, which obviously all have catalytic effects on intense social conflicts. The main characteristics of these extreme spiritual factors are self-belief in the uniqueness of truth, self-belief in the monopoly of the world, extreme exclusiveness of external attitudes, and a means for enacting extreme brutality. Extreme spiritual factors easily lead to strong conformist behaviors on the part of group members and an orientation toward extreme paranoid goals, as well as intense social contradictions and conflicts, which inevitably lead to social disasters.

In: Essentials of Governance
Author: W Zhongmin

Abstract

Power struggles between stakeholders are an important influence on the aggravation or alleviation of social contradictions. From the standpoint of the resistant party, the weight of its influence on society, the internal integration of its forces, and how the economic situation develops have a significant influence on social contradictions. From the perspective of the ruling party, its credibility and its power of control and integration have obvious influences on social contradictions. From the “middle party” perspective, its specific attitude and behavior orientation also have a certain influence on social contradictions. In addition, the specific situations of parties and other related factors have an important impact on social contradictions.

In: Essentials of Governance