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Among the commentaries on Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics produced in the Middle Ages, that of Richard Kilvington is one of the most thought-provoking. Kilvington adopts a unique perspective of argumentation in which he applies concepts and terminology from the fields of logic and physics to ethical dilemmas. This unprecedented approach allows him to formulate original solutions to various ethical problems. He concentrates on the will, moral weakness, the relationship between the will and prudence, the change of virtues and vices, and the nature of ethical objects. The presented commentary is a valuable record of the philosophical debates at Oxford in the 14th century.
This is a thoroughly revised and expanded version of the first edition of the Arabic version of Dimitrie Cantemir’s The Divan or the Sage’s Dispute with the World (Ṣalāḥ al-ḥakīm wa-fasād al-ʿālam al-ḏamīm) (Iaşi, 1698), his first printed book, the earliest ethical treatise in Romanian literature and a testimony to his wide knowledge, reading, and proficiency in foreign languages. Completed in 1705 by Athanasius III Dabbās, Patriarch of the Antiochian Church (1684-1694, 1720-1724), the Arabic text is accompanied by the first translation into a modern language, English. Book III contains Cantemir’s version of the Latin work Stimuli virtutum, fraena peccatorum (Amsterdam, 1682) by the Unitarian Andzrej Wiszowaty (Andreas Wissovatius) of Raków (Poland), a chief representative of the Polish Brethren. Thus, in the space of twenty-three years Central-European Protestant ideas reached the Arab Christians of Ottoman Syria, by way of Greek and Arabic.
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World
In: Dimitrie Cantemir, Salvation of the Sage and Ruin of the Sinful World