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[Kitāb Ṭayf al-Khayāl: A New Edition of Ibn Dāniyāl's Work on Life in Middle Ages Cairo]
ينقلنا كتاب طيف الخيال إلى عالم سحري لم يخطر على بالنا وجوده قط: عالم القاهرة السري في القرون الوسطى. حيث يقدم لنا سردية تاريخية مغايرة تمامًا للتاريخ الرسمي المعتاد الذي يهيمن عليه السلاطين والأمراء والعلماء والأكابر ، ليحتل العامة البسطاء صدارة المشهد، وعبر بابات ابن دنيال يمكننا التلصص على تفاصيل حياتهم ومعتقداتهم، والطريقة التي رأوا بها حكامهم، ومساخرهم التي لا حد لها، فضلًا عن ألوان المتع السريّة التي مارسوها بشراهة منقطعة النظير. نُشرت بابات ابن دانيال عدة مرات من قبل، في نشرات منقوصة وغير مشروحة، حيث تحرّج المحققون من إيراد مقاطع كاملة من البابات بحجة إسرافها في البذاءة وعدم ملاءمتها للذوق العام! ولأول مرّة بعد أكثر من قرن منذ اكتشاف جورج جاكوب لمخطوطات الكتاب يتم نشر مسرحيات الظل الثلاث لابن دانيال كاملة بلا حذف في طبعة نقدية مميزة معتنى بها ،تشتمل على شروح وكشافات تحليلية فريدة . تُبرز أهميتها وتُمهد الطريق أمام الباحثين لتقديم مزيد من الدراسات العلمية عن بابات ابن دانيال بالغة الثراء.

Kitāb Ṭayf al-Khayāl transports us to a magical world previously unknown to us: the secret Cairo in the Middle Ages. It presents an entirely different historical narrative from the conventional history dominated by sultans, princes, scholars, and elites. Instead, it brings the common people, the ordinary, to the forefront. Through the writings of Ibn Dāniyāl, we get a glimpse into the details of their lives, beliefs, how they perceived their rulers, and the boundless extravagances they indulged in, along with the secretive pleasures they passionately pursued. Babat Ibn Daniyal has been published multiple times before, in incomplete and unexplained editions, with investigators hesitating to include complete sections, citing their explicit content and perceived impropriety
Author:
Today, the majority of the world's Christian population lives in the Global South. Knowledge of their history is therefore indispensable. This textbook offers a compact and vivid overview of the history of Christianity in Asia, Africa and Latin America since 1450, focussing on diversity and interdependence, local actors and global effects. Maps, illustrations and numerous photos as well as continuous references to easily accessible source texts support the reader's own reading and its use in various forms of academic teaching.

Abstract

Burkina Faso has faced a security crisis unlike any other in its history for the past eight years. The government has lost control of up to 35 % of the national territory, and there are as many as two million internally displaced persons living in the big cities. The emblematic figure of Thomas Sankara, Burkina Faso’s president from 1984 to 1987, has soared beyond the local image of the “upright man” (the ideal to which the very name “Burkina Faso” refers) to that of a globally recognised icon of resistance against imperialism. Theatre artists are inspired to create theatrical performances that “represent” (or “face up”) this great figure, as the recent edition of the Ouagadougou-based biannual theatre festival called Les Récréâtrales invited them to do. This paper emphasises theatre’s contribution to efforts of artistic resilience and resistance in Burkina Faso. It addresses the question: How do Burkinabè artists produce acts of artistic resilience through performance? In other words, does the staging proposed by the Burkinabè playwright Aristide Tarnagda carry the seeds of hope for a Burkina Faso entirely liberated from terrorism? The theory of communication developed by J.L. Austin in How to Do Things With Words (1962) and Anne Ubersfeld’s (1982) semiotic analysis theory provide the key critical concepts of this study.

In: Africa Review
In: The African Review
Author:

Abstract

Despite religion’s ubiquity, its role has long been ignored by international relations scholars. One of the reasons behind ignoring religion’s influence in international politics is the anti-religion sentiments based on the theory of secularization. The belief that religion is a thing of the past has hampered the explanatory prowess of international relations scholarship. This article aims to explain how faith informs Pakistan about its divine role in international politics. It is argued that Islamic eschatology is pivotal in contouring Pakistan’s religious identity which is pivotal to how Pakistan establishes its ties with its arch-rival India. Prophetic register that exists in Pakistan act as a call to action to reform the community on religious bases. This article concludes that the role of religious prophecy must be accounted for to better explain popular religious aspirations that constrain the policy option for policymakers both at the domestic as well as international level.

In: African and Asian Studies

Abstract

In contrast to nearby countries, Jordan achieved a unique situation in mitigating the covid-19 outbreak. The privileged situation lasted for a few months. After that situation, Jordan became one of the worst countries all over the world. Drawing on a conceptual framework derived from Blau’s theory: exchange and power in social life, this paper reevaluates the dynamics of combating covid-19 in Jordan as an exchange process between government and people. Jordan’s government employed maximum power to control people’s movements and gatherings. However, it failed to meet people’s expectations of keeping their lives safe and fulfilling their basic needs. The government tried to legitimize the situation by providing fake information. It has lost the trust of society which supported the efforts of the government. It could not maintain its control of people’s gatherings and movements, resulting in a rise in the number of cases. Transparency, trust, awareness, and society’s efforts are crucial in fighting pandemics.

In: African and Asian Studies

Abstract

Since the 21st century, the solution of poverty has become the focus of international assistance. And education is considered as one of the important ways to reduce poverty, more and more attention by international organizations and developing countries. Kenya, as one of the countries with the backwardness but most promising economic and social development in East Africa. It has received the attention of the World Bank. With the assistance of the World Bank, the Government of Kenya launched the KYEP project on the basis of Vision 2030, which is based on the training concept of “Education poverty reduction for youth entrepreneurship and employment”, with the goal of “Empowering young people in employment”, implementing a demand-oriented “four-in-one” skills training course through cooperative training of the World Bank and the Government of Kenya and the private sector, and ensuring the effectiveness of the project through the establishment of a multi-entity cooperative training guarantee mechanism. Practice shows that KYEP highlights Kenya’s demand-oriented approach and has achieved remarkable results in addressing youth unemployment and education for poverty reduction.

In: African and Asian Studies

Abstract

This study sought to examine the extent to which decentralisation efforts have affected citizen participation in local governance in Kenya. Survey research designs was employed. 371 questionnaires were administered and 16 interview conducted with key stakeholders. The findings revealed that decentralisation influences citizen participation in devolved Governance. 77.3% of the respondents agreed decentralization had promoted political entrepreneurship while 75% contended that decentralization had influenced citizen participation in development of policies and legislation. Moreover, 57.2% of the respondents felt that citizen participation in decentralized policy-making was high while 69% of the respondents were satisfied that decentralization had made it possible for citizens to participate in county budgeting. Only 49% approved the effectiveness of decentralization in promoting citizen participation in promoting participatory budgeting and planning process. The national and county governments should put in place measures to safeguard the independence of the counties in realizing the objective of citizen participation in governance.

In: African and Asian Studies
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Abstract

Small-scale farmers in sub-Saharan Africa face malnutrition and a low level of dietary diversity despite often living in areas endowed with high agrobiodiversity. In Western Kenya (Vihiga County), malnutrition occurs despite it being a highly biodiverse area with several options for diversifying diets. The main purpose of this thesis is to assess the potential of biodiversity to improve diet quality in a sample from Vihiga County 1 . We approached this objective using a variety of indicators which were retrieved by (i) a correlation study on the association of agrobiodiversity with diet quality, (ii) an intervention study on the effectiveness of a participatory approach to improving diet quality through agrobiodiversity use, (iii) a qualitative study following up on the intervention study by exploring pathways to improving diets and (iv) a literature review on dietary assessment methods for neglected underutilised species (nus). This thesis highlights the importance of studying the full scope of agrobiodiversity, including on-farm biodiversity, food consumption, perceptions and pathways to diverse diets. Nutrition must be seen in the context of ecosystems that determine our agriculture and nutrition in the long term. The transition to more sustainable and equitable food systems requires greater participation from the people who produce our food and nurture biodiversity.

In: Afrika Focus