In 1516 Erasmus produced the first printed Greek New Testament ever to be published: his series of editions laid the foundation for the 'Textus Receptus', which has had an enduring influence. Alongside the Greek text, his new Latin translation marked a radical departure from the medieval Vulgate. This volume edits Erasmus' Greek and Latin New Testament text (1 Timothy-Apocalypse), presented in two parallel columns, above a critical apparatus showing the variants of the five folio editions (1516-1535). The accompanying commentary analyses the printed and manuscript sources, and assesses the accuracy and also the defects of Erasmus' work. An extended introduction includes new information and discussion regarding the codex Montfortianus and the famous passage about the 'three heavenly witnesses'.