Using the work of Foucault, this study examines changing notions of the self and identity and how psychological and sociological discourses have conceptualized and constituted adolescence/youth as the primary client in school counseling. Case studies of mental hygiene films in the United States and a moral panic in New Zealand are used to examine how youth were morally constituted in the postwar period—a time when guidance counseling emerged in Western countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand. The author uses Foucault’s notion of governmentality to critically examine how counseling professionalized itself as a disciplinary body. This book is targeted at practicing counselors, counseling students and counselor theoreticians. It will also find audiences with graduate students in youth studies and those interested in the work and applications of Michel Foucault.
One of the best things that I can say about this book is that it had a personal impact. It nudged me into re-thinking various aspects of my work. It is a book that achieves a rare thing. It talks about counseling young people without getting so caught up in the detail of practice that it loses sight of the big picture …I believe that school counselors who engage with this work will find that their practice is never quite the same again. They will be invited to think about things they have previously taken for granted and to listen to young people in new ways.
John Winslade, Coordinator of Counselor Education, California State University San Bernardino. Co-Author of Narrative Counseling in Schools: Powerful & Brief.
The aim of this book is to raise current social, political, and moral issues in social theory by taking a critical stance towards historical, global, and educational themes in the context of culture, politics, and technology. All the contributors have written their texts in the spirit of critical Zeitgeist analysis, which, they believe, is a highly needed genre in social theory. Thus the focus of the book is critical Zeitgeist analysis, and its potential in addressing various social maladies of the present era. Methodologically, critical Zeitgeist analysis is argued to be of value in demonstrating how to both utilize and expand the possibilities of writing normative social theory. The key idea of critical Zeitgeist analysis is to reflect critically on the state of the present world. In this task it entwines analytical, political and moral languages, as well as the languages of critique and hope. In critical Zeitgeist analysis it is not only possible but also necessary to ask who we are, and what states of affairs prevail in our tragic times. The themes of the book are global and it can be used as a course book in several fields of social science like cultural studies, education and political science, as well as in sociology.
Education has always been part of the search for the ideal society and, therefore, an important part of the utopian tradition in Western culture, politics and literature. Education has often served to define the ideal society or to provide the principal means of creating it. This unique collection of essays by well known scholars from around the world examines the role of edutopias in the utopian tradition, examining its sources and sites as a means for understanding the aims and purposes of education, for realizing its societal value, and for criticizing its present economic, technological and organizational modes. These essays will stimulate new thinking in ways that impinge on both theoretical and practical questions, as well as offering the reader a series of reminders of the ethical and political dimensions of education and its place in helping to build good and just societies. The collection is aimed at an audience of teachers and graduate students, although it will also be of interest to administrators, policy-makers and the general public interested in utopian thinking and its relation to education.
When the future of mankind is at stake the question of Bildung has to be brought to the fore. Because Bildung, a term which has no equivalent in English is dealing with the foundations of emancipation and liberation in both meanings an individual and a societal one.
Bildung aims at maturity, reflexivity, social judgment, aesthetic and political consciousness and competence of action.
The book analyses the different traditions and approaches relevant for the development of the question of conceptualizing Bildung.
Especially the emphasis on ‘maturity’; political consciousness’ and ‘competence of action’ is a useful one when dealing with the democratic tradition as the alternative to contemporary attemps of neoliberalism leading to the rule of economy and the decline of the public.
The western marxist reading of Bildung in this book shows possibilities of renewing democracy and democratic lives in line with core elements of Bildung including autonomy, self-determination and social regulation. Corrresponding with Critical Theory, especially the work of Th. W. Adorno, Bildungs is seen as the tool to defend democracy.
The book is intended for graduate students and academics in educational theory, critical pedagogy, politics, sociology and philosophy.
The papers in this book have emerged from a conference which was organized in Zurich in 2003 by the Pestalozzianum Research Institute for the History of Education and the Educational Institute of the University of Zurich. The conference was organized in light of the increasing internationalization of educational discussion within the last ten to twenty years and the topic was the relation between pragmatism and educational theory.
The contributions appear in a kind of chronological order. First, James A. Good examines the repeatedly asserted Hegelian roots of Dewey’s philosophy, while Hans-Peter Krüger, Meike Sophia Baader, and Roswitha Lehmann-Rommel address specific aspects of pragmatism, such as public communication, religion, and aesthetics, with the main emphasis of the analysis on William James and John Dewey. Jane Addams’ and George Herbert Mead’s education stands at the center of interest in the contributions by Daniel Tröhler, Birgit Althans, Gert Biesta, and Jürgen Oelkers, while Philipp Gonon and Stefan Bittner turn to the question of why pragmatism had such a hard time of gaining a foothold in Germany. The final contribution, Philip W. Jackson’s systematic analysis of Dewey’s thought, breaks with the chronological perspective of the volume, shifting the focus to other central and fruitful issues.