From the example provided by theories on dreams, this study undertakes a reconstruction of the philosophical revolution embodied in the so-called 12th-century renaissance, which, from its origins in Arabic medical scholarship, led to the appropriation of the new Aristotle.
An analysis of theories at the beginning of the 12th century leads to an examination of William of Conches' dream theories, first proposed in his Macrobius Commentary, and which were later to find general acceptance.
The intellectual context leading to the translation in Byzantium of Aristotle's theories on dreams - together with its Arabic tradition - in Western-Latin Scholarship is examined through its first users: Alfred from Sareshel, David from Dinant, Radulfus de Longo Campo.
Who is Jesus Christ? The question is one of the central problems of Christian theology. This publication deals with the reflections, the Dominican theologian and Luther-Inquisitor Thomas de Vio Cajetan (†1534) has given as an answer in the early modern conflicting of scholasticism, humanism and reformation.
After clarifying the most important philosophical notions, Cajetan's understanding of the incarnation, the union of God and man in Jesus Christ, Christ's human nature and the biblical dates of Christ's life are investigated.
This volume gives a significant theological view of the state of christological theory-building at that time. The sections on the concept of
persona and Christ's being are of interest to the historian of philosophy as well.
All central concepts in philosophy contain a relational aspect. The type of reality to be accorded to relations is for this reason one of the core questions of philosophical thought. This is particularly so in the case of nominalism.
This book is devoted to John Buridan. While his towering importance in the late Middle Ages and for the development of early modern science has been recognised, his works are still not really well known. How does his theory of relations relate to those of his contemporaries, for example William of Ockham or Gregory of Rimini? The question of the reality of relations is not only of interest as an
experimentum crucis of nominalism, but also because Buridan in his ethics frequently falls back upon older traditions.
The first part of the book contains a discussion of theories of relation from Thomas Aquinas to Gregory of Rimini. The author then offers an exhaustive presentation of the basic lines of Buridan's philosophy and its relation to theology, before turning attention to his theory of relation. Finally he addresses particular forms of relation (identity, analogy, causality, etc.).