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Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin

Das Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba des Naǧīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandī

Serie:

Juliane Müller

Naǧīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandīs (st. 619/1222) Buch der Nahrungsmittel und Getränke ( Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba) ist ein umfassendes medizinisches Lexikon mit Informationen zu über 500 verschiedenen Nahrungsmitteln, Speisen, Getränken und Duftstoffen. Es kann als letzte große arabische Monografie zur Diätetik im islamischen Osten angesehen werden und stellt vermutlich eines der am weitesten verbreiteten vormodernen arabischen Bücher zum Thema Ernährung dar. In Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin bietet Juliane Müller eine textkritische Edition des Kitāb al-Aġḏiya wa-l-ašriba mit deutscher Übersetzung. Anschließend verorten Kapitel zur Textgenese und Rezeption des Werks sowie zu seinen ernährungsmedizinischen Inhalten as-Samarqandīs Nahrungsmittellexikon in seinem Kontext innerhalb der arabischen Medizinliteratur.

Najīb ad-Dīn as-Samarqandī’s (d. 619/1222) Book on Foods and Drinks ( Kitāb al-Aghḏiya wa-l-ashriba) is a comprehensive medical encyclopedia with information on more than 500 different food items, dishes, drinks and fragrances. It can be considered to be the last major Arabic monograph on dietetics in the Islamic East and it probably rates among the most widespread premodern Arabic books on the subject of nutrition science. In Nahrungsmittel in der arabischen Medizin, Juliane Müller presents a critical edition of the Kitāb al-Aghḏiya wa-l-ashriba along with a German translation of the text. An extensive contextual study locates the book and its dietetic contents within Arabic medical literature and examines the sources and the reception of as-Samarqandī's food encyclopedia.

Der Kommentar in Antike und Mittelalter, Bd. 2

Neue Beiträge zu seiner Erforschung

Ediert von Wilhelm Geerlings and Christian Schulze

This second collection of essays deals again with the (more than just literary) genre of 'commentary' in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. It is based on the work of the Bochum Graduiertenkolleg 237, where aspects such as the definition and form of commentary texts were discussed. This volume presents a selection of 14 papers which were given at the colloquia over the last six years. Introductions, but also special topics from Greek and Latin Philology, Philosophy, Art History, Theology and Medical History are presented by the contributors. Emphasis is given to Philosophy and Art History, the latter examining the question of pictures as commentaries.
Contributors include: Viola Belghaus; Mamuka Beriaschwili; Tina Dolidze; Wilhelm Geerlings; Tengiz Iremadze; Rainer Jakobi; Rainer Jakobi; Ralf Krumeich; Christian Schulze; Zaza Shatirishvili; Guram Tevzadze; Nina Valenzuela Montenegro; Susanne Wittekind; Barbara Zipser.

Michael Markovits

This monumental history of the organ in antiquity provides a wide overview of the technical development, use and recognition of the organ as an instrument. The interdisciplinary study relies on a comprehensive collection of literary works and archaeological monuments from Hellenistic, Roman, Jewish, Early Byzantine, Syrian and Western civilization ranging from 270 B.C. to 630 A.D., and discusses the survival of this rich heritage in Byzantium, the Islam and the Latin Middle Ages until about 1200.
The volume completes with an account of the relevant scholarship since the Renaissance and extensive indices. Fully documented and richly illustrated with numerous photographs and drawings, it will appeal to students and scholars of both the arts and the sciences. This history of the organ in antiquity will serve as an indispensable reference work for decades.

This handbook will appeal to students and scholars of both the arts and the sciences. It should interest all those concerned with the history of music and musical instruments, archaeologists, and historians of art and of science and technology.

Der Kommentar in Antike und Mittelalter, Bd. 1

Beiträge zu seiner Erforschung

Ediert von Wilhelm Geerlings and Christian Schulze

This collection of essays deals with the often neglected literary genre 'commentary' in ancient and medieval times. It is based on the work of the Bochum Graduiertenkolleg 237, where aspects such as definition, form and history of commentary texts, implicit commentation, pictures and paintings as commentaries were discussed. This volume presents a choice of 16 lectures which accompanied the colloquia from 1996.
Introductions, but also special topics from the perspectives of theology, philosophy, classical philology, medical history, Arabic and Jewish Studies are given by the contributors. Great emphasis is laid on the interdisciplinary connection between these different points of view, for example by discussing the question on the impact pagan rhetoric had on Christian commentary texts. Further interest is focused on relevant literature - medicine, grammar, philosophy - and its commentaries.

Sibylle Ihm

This volume is a database of information about and references to literature on commentaries on Greek and Latin medical writers. It includes Greek and Latin commentaries up to the 12th century on authors, who were active before 600 A.D. It takes account of commentaries on Galen in particular and of later Alexandrian physicians - surviving and lost - as well as of commentaries originally composed in Greek which were only transmitted in Arabic translation. This catalogue summarises current knowledge of these commentaries covering manuscripts, editions, type of commentary, and the state of research. Particulars of primary sources and detailed literature references enable users to fine-tune their searches in this corpus of material.