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Author: Søren Frank
What is the ocean’s role in human and planetary history? How have writers, sailors, painters, scientists, historians, and philosophers from across time and space poetically envisioned the oceans and depicted human entanglements with the sea? In order to answer these questions, Søren Frank covers an impressive range of material in A Poetic History of the Oceans: Greek, Roman and Biblical texts, an Icelandic Saga, Shakespearean drama, Jens Munk’s logbook, 19th century-writers such as James Fenimore Cooper, Herman Melville, Jules Michelet, Victor Hugo, Jules Verne, Jonas Lie, and Joseph Conrad as well as their 20th and 21st century-heirs like J. G. Ballard, Jens Bjørneboe, and Siri Ranva Hjelm Jacobsen.
A Poetic History of the Oceans promotes what Frank labels an amphibian comparative literature and mobilises recent theoretical concepts and methodological developments in Blue Humanities, Blue Ecology, and New Materialism to shed new light on well-known texts and introduce readers to important, but lesser-known Scandinavian literary engagements with the sea.
Postcolonial Literatures of Climate Change investigates the evolving nature of postcolonial literary criticism in response to global, regional, and local environmental transformations brought about by climate change. It builds upon, and extends, previous studies in postcolonial ecocriticism to demonstrate how the growing awareness of human-caused global warming has begun to permeate literary consciousness, praxis and analysis. The breadth of the volume’s coverage – the diversity of its focal locations, cultures, genres and texts – serves as a salient reminder that, while climate change is global, its impacts vary, effecting peoples from place to place unequally, and often in accordance with their particular historical experience of colonialism and neo-colonialism, as well as their ongoing marginalisations.

“Demonstrating the urgency of invoking novel epistemological approaches combining the scientific and the imaginative, this book is a “must read” for those concerned about the present and potential impacts of climate change on formerly colonised areas of the world. The comprehensive and illuminating Introduction offers a crucial history and current state of postcolonial ecocriticism as it has been and is addressing climate crises.”
- Helen Tiffin, University of Wollongong

“The broad focus on the polar regions, the Pacific and the Caribbean – with added essays on environmental justice/activism in India and Egypt – opens up rich terrain for examination under the rubric of postcolonial and ecocritical analysis, not only expanding recent studies in this field but also enabling new comparisons and conceptual linkages.” - Helen Gilbert, Royal Holloway, University of London

“The subject is topical and vital and will become even more so as the problem of how to reconcile the demands of climate change with the effects on regions and individual nations already damaged by the economic effects of colonisation and the subsequent inequalities resulting from neo-colonialism continues to grow.” - Gareth Griffiths, Em. Prof. University of Western Australia

Combining theoretical and empirical approaches, this volume offers a wide-ranging survey of periodical research today. It illustrates the shift from content-related investigations and archival recovery to multidisciplinary analyses which consider, for instance, how magazines, newspapers, and other serial print products shape our opinions and help us to form like-minded communities. International specialists explore periodicals as relational artefacts, highlighting editorial constellations, material conditions, translation, design, marketing, and the consumption of newspapers and magazines from the late seventeenth to the twenty-first century. A must-read for academic and interested readers who wish to explore new and relevant ways to analyze periodicals.
Poverty and precarity are among the most pressing social issues of today and have become a significant thematic focus and analytical tool in the humanities in the last two decades. This volume brings together an international group of scholars who investigate conceptualisations of poverty and precarity from the perspective of literary and cultural studies as well as linguistics. Analysing literature, visual arts and news media from across the postcolonial world, they aim at exploring the frameworks of representation that impact affective and ethical responses to disenfranchised groups and precarious subjects. Case studies focus on intersections between precarity and race, class, and gender, institutional frameworks of publishing, environmental precarity, and the framing of refugees and migrants as precarious subjects.

Contributors: Clelia Clini, Geoffrey V. Davis, Dorothee Klein, Sue Kossew, Maryam Mirza, Anna Lienen, Julia Hoydis, Susan Nalugwa Kiguli, Sule Emmanuel Egya, Malcolm Sen, Jan Rupp, J.U. Jacobs, Julian Wacker, Andreas Musolff, Janet M. Wilson
How did humans respond to the eighteenth-century discovery of countless new species of animals? This book explores the gamut of intense human-animal interactions: from love to cultural identifications, moral reflections, philosophical debates, classification systems, mechanical copies, insults and literary creativity.

Dogs, cats and horses, of course, play central roles. But this volume also features human reflections upon parrots, songbirds, monkeys, a rhino, an elephant, pigs, and geese – all the way through to the admired silkworms and the not-so-admired bookworms.

An exceptionally wide array of source materials are used in this volume’s ten separate contributions, plus the editorial introduction, to demonstrate this diversity. As eighteenth-century humans came to realise that they too are animals, they had to recast their relationships with their fellow living-beings on Planet Earth. And these considerations remain very much live ones to this day.
In: Human-Animal Interactions in the Eighteenth Century

Résumé

La présente contribution examine quelques-unes des façons dont les animaux ont été mis en vedette dans le processus électoral et le discours électoral en Angleterre tout au long du XVIII e siècle. En s’appuyant sur une série de documents textuels et visuels, la contribution défend la thèse que l’utilisation généralisée de l’imagerie animale pour représenter les participants humains aux élections (notamment les candidats au Parlement et les ‘hordes’ électorales) montre comment le vote public était interprété et considéré dans une société encore incertaine de la valeur et de la viabilité de la démocratie.

Abstract

This essay examines some of the ways in which animals featured in the electoral process, and electoral discourse, in England in the long eighteenth century. Drawing on a range of textual and visual materials, the essay argues that the widespread use of animal imagery to portray human participants in elections (whether parliamentary candidates or in electoral ‘crowds’) comments on how public voting was understood and regarded in a society still unsure of the value and viability of democracy.

In: Human-Animal Interactions in the Eighteenth Century

Résumé

Les chats deviennent au cours du dix-huitième siècle des animaux domestiques très populaires, surtout dans les villes, alors que la Grande-Bretagne passe progressivement d’une société majoritairement agraire à une société plus urbaine. Pourtant, au cours de ces changements sociétaux, les chats ne perdent pas leurs pouvoirs magiques, comme le rappelle un célèbre folklore. Ils sont des amis familiers de l’homme, ronronnant au coin du feu, tout en gardant une forme d’étrangeté animale. Cette alliance de contraires est la source d’un grand élan de créativité littéraire et intellectuelle. Les chats semblent transmettre des messages d’aventure et de solidarité entre les espèces.

Abstract

Cats became very popular pets during the eighteenth century, especially in the cities, as Britain gradually moved from being a predominantly agrarian society to an increasingly urbanised world. Yet during these social changes, cats did not lose their magical powers, as many popular folklore tales bore witness. Cats, purring by the fireside, were familiar domestic friends, whilst retaining their relative feline aloofness and ‘strangeness’. Their alliance of opposing characteristics was a source of great literary and intellectual creativity. Thus cats conveyed ‘electric’ messages both of adventure and of solidarity between humans and felines.

In: Human-Animal Interactions in the Eighteenth Century

Résumé

Cette contribution traite du lien productif entre les études sur les animaux et celles portant sur le XVIII e siècle. Il propose d’abord un survol sur les recherches actuelles sur les animaux et poursuit en s’intéressant, plus spécifiquement, à la relation complexe et tendue entre l’homme et l’animal à l’époque des Lumières. L’article montre qu’une compréhension de cette époque dans son rapport aux animaux est non seulement utile, mais aussi nécessaire pour mieux saisir la nature de la relation actuelle entre l’homme et l’animal.

Abstract

This contribution highlights the productive connections between research in the fields of Cultural Animal Studies and of Eighteenth-Century Studies. The first step, in investigating these linkages, is to examine the current state of Animal Studies. And the next step is to dovetail its concerns with the big topics and questions that arise from research into the complex and tense human-animal relationships in the eighteenth century. The outcome is instructive. It shows that studying the century of the Enlightenment is not only rewarding in itself but is actually necessary as a basis for understanding twenty-first-century attitudes to human-animal relationships.

In: Human-Animal Interactions in the Eighteenth Century
In: Human-Animal Interactions in the Eighteenth Century