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Author: Allen J. Frank
Kazakh Muslims in the Red Army is the first study of the WWII experience of Soviet Kazakhs. Based on indigenous-language sources, it focuses on the wartime experiences of Kazakh conscripts and the home front as expressed in correspondence. The study emphasizes how Kazakh social structure, religion, and patriotism were expressed and mobilized during the war years.
By focusing on indigenous forms of private correspondence, the book presents an alternative to previous studies focusing on narratives and documentation derived from the Soviet state. It offers an entirely new basis for examining the wartime experiences of Soviet citizens and Soviet Muslims.
Mit einer kritischen Edition des Kitāb al-Kifāya fī l-hidāya fī uṣūl ad-dīn des Aḥmad b. Maḥmūd b. Abī Bakr Nūr ad-Dīn aṣ-Ṣābūnī al-Ḥanafī al-Buḫārī (gest. 580/1184)
Nūr al-Dīn al-Ṣābūnī was a prominent jurist and theologian in Samarqand in the late 6th/12th century. His theological works are in the tradition of the Ḥanafite-Māturīdite current of Sunni kalām. In addition, al-Ṣābūnī’s argumentation reflects the increasing engagement of Māturīdite mutakallimūn with their wide intellectual-historical environment. His discussions with the famous scholar Faḫr al-Dīn al-Rāzī are attested.
In the present volume, Angelika Brodersen uses a text-critical edition of al-Ṣābūnī’s comprehensive theological work, the Kitāb al-Kifāya fī l-hidāya fī uṣūl al-dīn, to analyze, based on selected thematic examples, how both elements of Māturīdite theological tradition and transformation processes occur in al-Ṣābūnī’s work, which contributed to the consolidation of the Māturīdiyya as a Sunni school of thought.

Nūr ad-Dīn aṣ-Ṣābūnī war ein prominenter Jurist und Theologe im Samarkand des ausgehenden 6./12. Jahrhunderts. Seine theologischen Werke stehen einerseits in der Tradition der ḥanafitisch-māturīditischen Strömung des sunnitischen kalāms. Auf der anderen Seite spiegelt aṣ-Ṣābūnīs Argumentation die zunehmende Auseinandersetzung der māturīditischen mutakallimūn mit ihrem allgemeinen geistesgeschichtlichen Umfeld wider. Bezeugt sind seine Diskussionen mit dem berühmten Gelehrten Faḫr ad-Dīn ar-Rāzī.
Im vorliegenden Band untersucht Angelika Brodersen auf der Grundlage einer textkritischen Edition von aṣ-Ṣābūnīs theologischem Hauptwerk, dem Kitāb al-Kifāya fī l-hidāya fī uṣūl ad-dīn, anhand ausgewählter Themenbeispiele, wie sich im Werk aṣ-Ṣābūnīs sowohl Elemente māturīditischer theologischer Tradition als auch Transformationsprozesse verfolgen lassen, die zur Konsolidierung der Māturīdiyya als sunnitische Schulrichtung beigetragen haben.
Comparative Perspectives in the History and the Philosophy of Science
Editor: Giovanna Lelli
This book highlights the emergence of a new mathematical rationality and the beginning of the mathematisation of physics in Classical Islam. Exchanges between mathematics, physics, linguistics, arts and music were a factor of creativity and progress in the mathematical, the physical and the social sciences. Goods and ideas travelled on a world-scale, mainly through the trade routes connecting East and Southern Asia with the Near East, allowing the transmission of Greek-Arabic medicine to Yuan Muslim China. The development of science, first centred in the Near East, would gradually move to the Western side of the Mediterranean, as a result of Europe’s appropriation of the Arab and Hellenistic heritage. Contirbutors are Paul Buell, Anas Ghrab, Hossein Masoumi Hamedani, Zeinab Karimian, Giovanna Lelli, Marouane ben Miled, Patricia Radelet-de Grave, and Roshdi Rashed.
Literature, Persuasion and Devotion in the Eighteenth Century
In Writing Tamil Catholicism: Literature, Persuasion and Devotion in the Eighteenth Century, Margherita Trento explores the process by which the Jesuit missionary Costanzo Giuseppe Beschi (1680-1747), in collaboration with a group of local lay elites identified by their profession as catechists, chose Tamil poetry as the social and political language of Catholicism in eighteenth-century South India.
Trento analyzes a corpus of Tamil grammars and poems, chiefly Beschi’s Tēmpāvaṇi, alongside archival documents to show how, by presenting themselves as poets and intellectuals, Catholic elites gained a persuasive voice as well as entrance into the learned society of the Tamil country and its networks of patronage.
Invasions, Conquest, and Government of a Frontier Region in Thirteenth-Century Eurasia (1204-1295)
The work focuses on the Mongol conquest and domination of Caucasia in the 13th century, from the Sea of Azov in the north to present-day Georgia and Armenia.
While sedentary civilizations and nomadic cultures had a long history of interaction in this region, the Mongol conquest made it into a frontier in which Medieval Europe and Asia became more intensely integrated and interconnected. The Mongols made Caucasia into a coherent power based on both European and Asian experiences and traditions. The genesis of this deeply transformational process constitutes the central theme of this book.

Abstract

For centuries, the Caucasus has been the natural border between Western Europe and Asia, a natural hinge between cultures and a crossroads of civilizations. The Mongol invasion invested this frontier region between the 1220s and the following decade. The organization of the government followed the relatively rapid military conquest. The Mongol domination of the Caucasus was an epoch-making event, disrupting pre-existing equilibria and producing consequences destined to last in time. Through the analysis of written sources and the most recent critical literature, this book aims to reconstruct the historical phases that preceded and followed the Mongol conquest of the Caucasus. In particular, the research concentrates on the factors that favored the Mongol conquest, those that dictated the rhythm of its political realization. In addition, it analyzes the consequences of the domination on the local population and on the rearrangement of international commercial trajectories, which were also destined to meet in Caucasia, a frontier region in the Eurasian Middle Ages.

In: Mongol Caucasia

Abstract

For centuries, the Caucasus has been the natural border between Western Europe and Asia, a natural hinge between cultures and a crossroads of civilizations. The Mongol invasion invested this frontier region between the 1220s and the following decade. The organization of the government followed the relatively rapid military conquest. The Mongol domination of the Caucasus was an epoch-making event, disrupting pre-existing equilibria and producing consequences destined to last in time. Through the analysis of written sources and the most recent critical literature, this book aims to reconstruct the historical phases that preceded and followed the Mongol conquest of the Caucasus. In particular, the research concentrates on the factors that favored the Mongol conquest, those that dictated the rhythm of its political realization. In addition, it analyzes the consequences of the domination on the local population and on the rearrangement of international commercial trajectories, which were also destined to meet in Caucasia, a frontier region in the Eurasian Middle Ages.

In: Mongol Caucasia

Abstract

For centuries, the Caucasus has been the natural border between Western Europe and Asia, a natural hinge between cultures and a crossroads of civilizations. The Mongol invasion invested this frontier region between the 1220s and the following decade. The organization of the government followed the relatively rapid military conquest. The Mongol domination of the Caucasus was an epoch-making event, disrupting pre-existing equilibria and producing consequences destined to last in time. Through the analysis of written sources and the most recent critical literature, this book aims to reconstruct the historical phases that preceded and followed the Mongol conquest of the Caucasus. In particular, the research concentrates on the factors that favored the Mongol conquest, those that dictated the rhythm of its political realization. In addition, it analyzes the consequences of the domination on the local population and on the rearrangement of international commercial trajectories, which were also destined to meet in Caucasia, a frontier region in the Eurasian Middle Ages.

In: Mongol Caucasia

Abstract

For centuries, the Caucasus has been the natural border between Western Europe and Asia, a natural hinge between cultures and a crossroads of civilizations. The Mongol invasion invested this frontier region between the 1220s and the following decade. The organization of the government followed the relatively rapid military conquest. The Mongol domination of the Caucasus was an epoch-making event, disrupting pre-existing equilibria and producing consequences destined to last in time. Through the analysis of written sources and the most recent critical literature, this book aims to reconstruct the historical phases that preceded and followed the Mongol conquest of the Caucasus. In particular, the research concentrates on the factors that favored the Mongol conquest, those that dictated the rhythm of its political realization. In addition, it analyzes the consequences of the domination on the local population and on the rearrangement of international commercial trajectories, which were also destined to meet in Caucasia, a frontier region in the Eurasian Middle Ages.

In: Mongol Caucasia

Abstract

For centuries, the Caucasus has been the natural border between Western Europe and Asia, a natural hinge between cultures and a crossroads of civilizations. The Mongol invasion invested this frontier region between the 1220s and the following decade. The organization of the government followed the relatively rapid military conquest. The Mongol domination of the Caucasus was an epoch-making event, disrupting pre-existing equilibria and producing consequences destined to last in time. Through the analysis of written sources and the most recent critical literature, this book aims to reconstruct the historical phases that preceded and followed the Mongol conquest of the Caucasus. In particular, the research concentrates on the factors that favored the Mongol conquest, those that dictated the rhythm of its political realization. In addition, it analyzes the consequences of the domination on the local population and on the rearrangement of international commercial trajectories, which were also destined to meet in Caucasia, a frontier region in the Eurasian Middle Ages.

In: Mongol Caucasia