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Hermeneutical Perspectives on Biblical and Modern Trauma Narratives
Trauma is a brief term for a complex phenomenon, a linguistic vessel for experiences that can hardly be put into speech. Its terminological vagueness has made the concept of Trauma a permanent guest in discourses beyond the clinical context. This volume offers a scholarly reflection to the hermeneutical foundations of the concept of Trauma: What do we mean by it? What different avenues of comprehension are open, given our varying cultural and linguistic backgrounds? And are we aware that understanding itself can be seen as an attempt to avoid Trauma’s gravity? These questions were discussed during the DFG funded international interdisciplinary conference “Readings of Trauma”, which took place in Marburg in April 2022 and brought together scholars from Germany, the Netherlands, Great Britain, the USA and South Africa to compare their hermeneutical perspectives on Biblical and Modern Trauma Narratives through the lenses of theology, literature, psychology, and psychoanalysis.
The scholarly purpose of the volume is to restate and describe the historical reception of John Duns Scotus’ meta-physics, which, by taking the real concept of “being as being” as the first object of first philosophy, laid the ground-work for what scholars have called “the second beginning of metaphysics” in Western philosophy.
Scotus outlined a theory of transcendental concepts that includes an analysis of the concept of being and its prop-erties, and a general analysis of modalities and intrinsic modes, paving the way for a view of metaphysics as a sci-ence of “possible being.” From the fourteenth to the eighteenth century Scotists invented and developed special concepts that could embrace both real being and the being of reason. The investigation of the metaphysics of the transcendentals by subsequent thinkers who were guided by Scotus is the central focus of the present collective book.
Migration, Unterbringung und Wohnungspolitik in West-Berlin von den 1960er bis zu den 1980er Jahren
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Zwischen den 1960er und 1980er Jahren versuchten zahlreiche Akteure, über die Regulierung des Zugangs zu bestimmten Unterbringungs- und Wohnformen, die Aufenthaltsdauer von Migrant*innen in West-Berlin zu beeinflussen und ihre Ansiedlung innerhalb der Stadt zu steuern. Das Buch zeichnet die Motive und (Miss-)Erfolge dieser Bestrebungen, die zugrunde liegenden Kategorisierungsprozesse sowie die Handlungsspielräume und Proteste der Betroffenen nach. Einbezogen werden Binnenmigrant*innen aus Westdeutschland, Arbeitsmigrant*innen aus Südosteuropa, Asylsuchende, DDR-Bürger*innen und sogenannte ‚Aussiedler*innen‘. Dieser innovative Ansatz bedeutet die Überwindung des bisherigen Fokus auf bestimmte nationale Gruppen und ermöglicht eine rassismustheoretisch informierte Analyse.
In 2017, a book was published entitled ‘Insects as food and feed: from production to consumption’ (Van Huis and Tomberlin, 2017). However, the sector of insects as food and feed is developing so quickly that an update seems appropriate. This book ‘Advancement of insects as food and feed in a circular economyy’ is a reprint of the Special Isse in Open Access in the Journal of Insects as Food and Feed. All chapters dealt with relevant topics related to insects as food and feed, and most of the content of the articles is different from the 2017 book, reflecting developments in the field.
In Against Inequality, the authors offer a theoretical and political proposal for social emancipation, seen as an opportunity to build conditions of equality in contexts of freedom, not only for ethical but essentially political foundations. To achieve this, the authors confront inequality in two ways: as a social phenomenon (and, therefore, historically situated and structured) and through critical reflection on the concepts, categories, indicators and frameworks of its understanding. In this sense, they propose a critical reflection of the ways in which it has been thought theoretically and politically at various times, with special reference to the way in which it has been conceived in modern, capitalist society.
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Pavel Florensky (1882–1937) was a Russian philosopher, theologian, and scientist. He was considered by his contemporaries to be a polymath on a par with Pascal or Da Vinci. This book is the first comprehensive study in the English language to examine Florensky's entire philosophical oeuvre in its key metaphysical concepts. For Florensky, antinomy and symbol are the two faces of a single issue—the universal truth of discontinuity. This truth is a general law that represents, better than any other, the innermost structure of the universe. With its original perspective, Florensky’s philosophy is unique in the context of modern Russian thought, but also in the history of philosophy per se.
Emblematics and the Brazilian Avant-Garde (1920-30s)
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In Antropofagia, Aarnoud Rommens shows how this Brazilian avant-garde movement (1920-30s) deconstructed early tendencies in the European vanguard. Through imaginative re-readings, the author reinterprets Antropofagia’s central texts and images as elements within an ever-changing, neo-baroque memory palace. Not only does the movement subvert established conceptions of the pre- and postcolonial; it is also a counter-colonial critique of verbal and visual literacy. To do justice to the dynamic between visibility and legibility, Rommens develops the inventive methodology of ‘emblematics’. The book’s implications are wide-ranging, prompting a revaluation of the avant-garde as a transmedial tactic for disrupting our reading and viewing habits.
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For over sixty years, Professor Fuat Sezgin meticulously documented the literary and scientific writings and achievements of Muslim scholars. His celebrated Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums (GAS), the largest bio-bibliography for the Arabic literary tradition in general, and the history of science and technology in the Islamic world in particular, is still of utmost importance for the field.
Traditional narratives hold that the art and architecture of the Iberian Peninsula in the late 15th century were transformed by the arrival of artists, objects, and ideas from northern Europe. The year 1492 has been interpreted as a radical rupture, marking the end of the Islamic presence on the peninsula, the beginning of global encounters, and the intensification of exchange between Iberia and Renaissance Italy.
This volume aims to nuance and challenge this narrative, considering the Spanish and Portuguese worlds in conjunction, and emphasising the multi-directional migrations of both objects and people to and from the peninsula. This long-marginalised region is recast as a ‘diffuse artistic centre’ in close contact with Europe and the wider world. The chapters interweave several media, geographies, and approaches to create a rich tapestry held together by itinerant artworks, artists and ideas.
Contributors are Luís Urbano Afonso, Sylvia Alvares-Correa, Vanessa Henriques Antunes, Piers Baker-Bates, Costanza Beltrami, António Candeias, Ana Cardoso, Maria L. Carvalho, Maria José Francisco, Bart Fransen, Alexandra Lauw, Marta Manso, Eva March, Encarna Montero Tortajada, Elena Paulino, Fernando António Baptista Pereira, Joana Balsa de Pinho, María Sanz Julián, Steven Saverwyns, Marco Silvestri, Maria Vittoria Spissu, Sara Valadas, Céline Ventura Teixeira, Nelleke de Vries, and Armelle Weitz.
Discretionary implementation and street-level bureaucracy
How much discretion do bureaucrats have when deciding who gets refugee status? Where does the boundary between law and practice lie when it comes to asylum in the European Union? In this book, you will find answers to these questions in an exploration of the decision-making context in which policy implementors conduct their work and turn policies into practice. Drawing from the insights of street-level bureaucracy and role-conflict theory, a better understanding is given of how decisions are made by policy implementers in situations of incomplete information or ambiguous policy vision and guidance.