Jung explained the possible plagiaristic relationship between Henry Rider Haggard’s She and Pierre Benoît’s L’Atlantide as either cryptomnesia or archetypal inspiration, but he was misinformed about the case and unfamiliar with Benoît’s life. This essay critiques Jung’s statements about Benoît and then considers the case for plagiarism that was published in The French Quarterly in 1919–1920. Neither the typical reply – that L’Atlantide reflects the author’s African experience and historical knowledge – nor the reading of the novel that arose from Jung’s 1925 seminar adequately refutes the plagiarism charge. A depth-psychological reading of L’Atlantide shows the danger of seeking the anima archetype itself rather than experiencing the anima in a relationship with an available woman. But even if literary analogies, including the Circe myth, suggest that Haggard and Benoît may have tapped into the same archetypal vein, the novels’ similarities and verbal echoes cannot be dismissed outright.
It can be argued that psychoanalysis was one of the most import revolutions of the twentieth century. It arose out of the person's need to reflect on his/her inner space. Essentially, the psychoanalytic technique is talking, an ancient human skill that locates the person as both the subject and the author of history, culture and society. Analytical psychology, with its specific sensitivity to cultural issues, cannot claim that it is a scientific discipline, in the sense that it has developed technical knowledge according to natural sciences; however, it has contributed substantially to developing a unique field of study within which one can reflect on individual and collective phenomena as they interact with each other and within their sociohistorical contexts. This article offers a reflection on our contemporary globalised world, with its subjective and changed sense of time and space; it is argued that a return to a Jungian humanism may enable us to grasp the complexities of people's interrelationship with the sociocultural realities within which they live.
The aim of this article is to give an accurate account of the relationship between Sabina Spielrein and Carl Gustav Jung, based on a close reading of the available documentary evidence. I challenge many of the commonly held assumptions about their relationship. These include the belief that Spielrein was Jung’s first analytic patient, that they had a long and mutually passionate affair, and that Spielrein was the inspiration behind Jung’s conception of the ‘anima’. I argue that there is little evidence for these and a number of other beliefs that have been passed down through successive cultural iterations without careful documentary analysis.