Many of the different Tibetan mantic techniques are concerned with the observation of omens, which, if interpreted correctly, offer information on what lies ahead. This article focuses chiefly on one of two short, stand-alone oneiromantic texts preserved in the bsTan ’gyur, the Svapnohana (rMi lam brtag pa, Tôh. no. 1749), whose authorship along with its Tibetan translation is attributed to the Indian Buddhist master Vibhūticandra (12th–13th cent.). Based on a presentation and analysis of the work’s content and the main subjects it addresses, an overview of the associations between signs and meanings is given. Attention is placed also on the relationship between the examination of dreams in the Svapnohana and the use of dream images in Tibetan and Indian works on meditative practices, thus placing the work in the broader context of Buddhist literature.
Not Seeing Snow: Musō Soseki and Medieval Japanese Zen offers a detailed look at a crucial yet sorely neglected figure in medieval Japan. It clarifies Musō’s far-reaching significance as a Buddhist leader,
waka poet, landscape designer, and political figure. In doing so, it sheds light on how elite Zen culture was formed through a complex interplay of politics, religious pedagogy and praxis, poetry, landscape design, and the concerns of institution building. The appendix contains the first complete English translation of Musō’s personal
Entombed Epigraphy and Commemorative Culture Timothy M. Davis presents a history of early
muzhiming—the most versatile and persistent commemorative form employed in the elite burials of pre-modern China. While previous scholars have largely overlooked the contemporary religious, social, and cultural functions of these epigraphic objects, this study directly addresses these areas of concern, answering such basic questions as: Why were
muzhiming buried in tombs? What distinguishes commemorative biography from dynastic history biography? And why did
muzhiming develop into an essential commemorative genre esteemed by the upper classes? Furthermore, this study reveals how aspiring families used
muzhiming to satisfy their obligations to deceased ancestors, establish a multi-generational sense of corporate identity, and strengthen their claims to elite status.