Philippine Law Reform Initiatives against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing
Jacqueline Joyce F. Espenilla
Comparison of Law of the Sea Approaches between 2012–2016 and 2016–2018: Implementation of the Ocean Affairs Council, Strict Regulation of Distant Water Fisheries Agency, and Progress on Marine Spatial Planning
Chi-Ting Tsai and Chi-Hsin Yi
Nina H.B. Jørgensen
This article aims to clarify the legal relationship between Hong Kong’s maritime areas and China’s baseline system by conducting an historical inquiry into how the current status quo was reached and considering the implications for Hong Kong’s future development. China’s well-known position is that the treaties granting authority to the British in Hong Kong, including the ninety-nine year lease of the New Territories, were ‘unequal’ and therefore invalid so that sovereignty over the land and waters of Hong Kong never left Chinese hands and this position would be recognized and remedied at the appropriate time. As the Hong Kong experience illustrates, when territory is surrendered or leased, rights and claims are altered and sometimes extended. The historical evolution of those rights and claims therefore impacts on current territorial relationships. The example of Hong Kong may additionally serve as a reference point for modern day lease arrangements concerning coastal territory made outside the colonial context.